September 15, 2017

Namesakes - Harland G. Wood and Wood Building

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Variously called the West Wing, the School of Medicine, and the Mather Building, the Harland Goff Wood Building is the School of Medicine Building opened in 1924.

Harland G. Wood
Harland Goff Wood was born 9/2/1907 in Delavan, Minnesota, one of six children. He graduated from Macalester College in 1931 with a B.A. in Chemistry and received the Ph.D. in Bacteriological Chemistry from Iowa State College (later Iowa State University) in 1935. He married Mildred L. Davis in 1929 and they had 3 children.

Before beginning his tenure at Western Reserve University (WRU) in 1946, he was a Fellow for the National Research Council at the University of Wisconsin, Instructor and Assistant Professor of Bacteriology at Iowa State, and Associate Professor of Physiological Chemistry at the University of Minnesota. In 1946 Dean Joseph Wearn recruited Wood to the School of Medicine.

Wood came to the University as the head of the Biochemistry Department. He served as Dean of Science 1967-1969. In 1970 he was named University Professor and he retired with the title University Professor Emeritus effective 7/1/1978. At the time of mandatory retirement ages for faculty, the Board of Trustees voted to allow Wood to continue his work. He worked until his death, having an article accepted for publication on the day before his death on 9/12/1991.

As a graduate student he discovered that carbon dioxide was used by bacteria and animals, including humans. “This discovery helped to change the current scientific thinking and led to the eventual understanding of the essential unity of metabolic processes in almost all living tissues.” Wood continued his research on how carbon dioxide was incorporated into the body, “tracing pathways of metabolism and discovering whole new enzymes in the process. His findings had far-reaching implications for understanding cell biology and for the treatment and cure of metabolic diseases.” He was one of the first to use radioisotopes to view the workings of a cell.

In addition to his research work, and leadership as chair of the Biochemistry Department, he was an important figure in the Medical School’s new curriculum introduced in 1952. He was chair of the Phase 1 Committee. As Greer Williams wrote in his book, Western Reserve’s Experiment in Medical Education and Its Outcome, “In retrospect, it is a open question whether curriculum revision would ever have gone beyond the talking stage if he had not called his fifteen committeemen...together in May 1951 and told them they were going to have a long, hard summer. The CME [Committee on Medical Education] could not have found a better man to lead the charge. Wood was not a CME member and did not speak for the Dean; he was pure faculty.”

Wood was involved in many professional activities, serving as president of the American Society of Biological Chemistry and secretary general of the International Union of Biochemistry. He served on many editorial boards of professional journals. He was a member of the President’s Scientific Advisory Committee, Atomic Energy Commission Advisory Committee for Biology and Medicine, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Sciences. Wood was a Fulbright Scholar in Australia and New Zealand and a Commonwealth Fellow in Germany. He received many awards and several honorary degrees, receiving the honorary doctor of science from CWRU at the 1991 commencement ceremony.

Special symposia were held on the occasions of Harland Wood’s 70th and 80th birthdays. “A Symposium Honoring Harland Goff Wood” was held 9/9-9/10/1977 at the Cleveland Museum of Art. Opened by CWRU President Louis A. Toepfer with a welcome by Medical School Dean Frederick C. Robbins and past dean Joseph T. Wearn, convenors and speakers included Nobel laureates Carl F. Cori, Fritz Lipmann, Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg, Feodor Lynen, and Konrad Bloch. Other convenors and speakers included Harry Rudney, Jerard Hurwitz, Donald R. Helinski, Paul Berg (who had yet to win the Nobel Prize), Harland Wood himself, and his brother Earl H. Wood. Held 10/22-10/23/1987, the Harland G. Wood 80th birthday party and Symposium again brought many distinguished scientists together. Seven Nobel Prize winners attended: Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg, Paul Berg, H. Gobind Khorana, Konrad Bloch, David Baltimore, and Frederick C. Robbins. The Ohio Governor, Richard F. Celeste, and Cleveland Mayor George V. Voinovich sent laudatory proclamations and October 22 was declared Harland G. Wood Day.

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l-r: H. Gobind Khorana, Konrad Block, Richard Hanson, Harland Wood, Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg, Paul Berg

Building
On 11/16/1992 the CWRU Board of Trustees Executive Committee voted unanimously to name the old Medical School building the Harland Goff Wood Building. This naming was not the result of a donation by Wood, his family, friends, or colleagues. It was to honor him as a great scientist and teacher.

Constructed 1922-1924, it was completed in 1924 and dedicated 10/9/1924. It was planned as part of the group of buildings known as the University Hospitals and Medical School of Western Reserve University. The Medical School building, the Power House (now the Medical Center Co.), and Animal Hospital were built first, followed by Lakeside Hospital, Babies & Chidren’s Hospital, Maternity Hospital, Hanna House, Institute of Pathology, Nurses Dormitory (Flora Mather House, Robb House, Harvey House, Lowman House), and Service Building. With the completion of the building, the Medical School moved to University Circle for the first time.

The building was used for instruction as well as research. It became known as the west wing of the Medical School after the completion of the Health Sciences Center in the late 1960s-early 1970s when Sears Tower and the East Wing (now the Robbins Building) were added to the Medical School complex. A Research Tower, added to the Wood Building, was dedicated 5/16/2003. Dr. Wood’s daughter, Louise Wood Conway, participated in the ceremony.

It will be interesting to see what happens with the use of the building after the completion of the new Health Education Campus now being built on the campus of the Cleveland Clinic.

Note: for a copy of the video of Harland Wood, Merton Utter, and Lester Krampitz (01:28:54 duration, 4.3 GB) discussing how they came to WRU and the beginning of the Biochemistry Department, contact the Archives.

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September 05, 2017

On This Day in CWRU History: September

Below is month three of our list of significant dates in CWRU’s history. We make no claims that the list is comprehensive and invite suggestions of other dates to include.

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Claud Foster Hall moved to its new location, 1968 (left); Mary Chisholm Painter Arch (right)

September 2
1970 CWRU held its last September commencement ceremony.
1971 The newly merged CWRU men’s cross-country team defeated Hiram College, 19-42.

September 4
1973 A wide area telephone service (WATS) line was installed for the first time at CWRU.
1985 New 10-megabit Ethernet network connected the computing systems of 4 CWRU facilities and helped link CWRU users to computing systems around the world. The network allowed remote log-in, file transfers, and electronic mail.

September 5
1969 The first issue of the CWRU student newspaper, The Observer, made its debut. Intended as an all-CWRU newspaper, its name was chosen by a contest in the spring of 1969. George O. Siekkinen won the contest and received a Polaroid camera from Wade Drug.

September 6
1888 First classes were held by Western Reserve University's Cleveland College for Women, renamed Flora Stone Mather College in 1931.
1973 CWRU Trustees approved Cleveland Landmarks status for Mary Chisholm Painter Memorial Gateway.
1988 A convocation was held to formally acknowledge the naming of the School of Applied Social Sciences in honor of the Mandel family.

September 7
1882 Western Reserve University welcomed undergraduates to the "First Academical Term" in its new University Circle home.
1957 Dedication ceremonies were held for the Nassau Astronomical Station in Montville, Ohio. The station was named for long-time Case Institute of Technology faculty member Jason J. Nassau.

September 8
1967 First commencement convocation of the newly federated CWRU was held.
1996 The Kelvin Smith Library was dedicated.

September 9
1969 CWRU opened its first co-ed dormitories at Andrews House, East House and Mather House.

September 12
1949 Case Institute of Technology held its first week long freshmen orientation.

September 13
1892 First classes were held by Western Reserve University's School of Dentistry.
1913 Flora Stone Mather Memorial Building was dedicated. It became the main administration building for Western Reserve University's Flora Stone Mather College, the undergraduate college for women.
1953 Western Reserve University's student dormitory Claud Foster Hall was dedicated.

September 14
1885 Case School of Applied Science classes met for the first time in University Circle in the old Case Main Building.
1994 Peter R. Musselman Quadrangle, bounded by Amasa Stone Chapel, Adelbert Hall, Eldred Hall, and the eastern edge of the Kent Smith Quadrangle, was dedicated. Musselman was University Vice President and Treasurer, 1969-1986.

September 15
1881 Case School of Applied Science began its first "regular course of study."
1995 Adelbert Hall was named a National Historic Chemical site. Edward Morley, a Western Reserve University faculty member, conducted experiments in Adelbert Hall between 1883 and 1894, which determined the atomic weight of oxygen and hydrogen.

September 16
1968 Students moved into Claud Foster Hall, the 3300-ton dormitory, which had recently been moved 100 yards east on Euclid Avenue from its location west of Thwing Center to a location east of Thwing Center.
1994 Dedication ceremonies for the Kent Hale Smith Engineering and Science Building were held.

September 17
1951 Western Reserve University became the first American university to offer regular university courses for credit in a combination of television broadcast and home study.
1952 First classes were held by Western Reserve University's School of Business.
1983 CWRU women's varsity cross country team ran its first meet, competing against Allegheny College.

September 18
1967 CWRU's first academic year began.

September 19
1916 First classes were held by Western Reserve University's School of Applied Social Sciences.
1960 Four women were part of the Case Institute of Technology's freshmen class, breaking an 80 year tradition of accepting men only. A few women had attended Case before 1960, but were exceptions to the men only rule.

September 20
1880 Following four years of discussion, negotiations, and debate, the Trustees, by a vote of 14-2, approved the removal of Western Reserve College to Cleveland from Hudson.

September 21
1995 The George S. Dively Building was dedicated.

September 22
1892 First classes were held by Western Reserve University's Franklin Thomas Backus School of Law.
1903 First classes were held by Western Reserve University's School of Library Science.

September 24
1963 Groundbreaking ceremonies were held for Western Reserve University's Adelbert I dormitory complex, consisting of Cutler, Hitchcock, Pierce and Storrs Houses, and Leutner Commons.

September 25
1923 First classes were held by Western Reserve University's School of Nursing.

September 26
1970 The new CWRU football team played its first game, losing to Allegheny College, 20-3. Case Institute of Technology and Western Reserve University fielded separate football teams for three seasons after the schools merged in 1967.
1984 Under coach Nancy Gray, CWRU women's varsity soccer team played its first match, losing to Oberlin College at home, 6-1.

September 29
1862 Company B of the 85th Ohio Volunteeer Infantry, raised from the students and faculty of Western Reserve College, was mustered out of the Union Army.
1917 Case School of Applied Science played Ohio State University in football for the final time, losing 49-0. Case played OSU 22 times between 1894 and 1917, compiling a record of 11 wins, 9 losses and 2 ties.
1925 First classes were held by Western Reserve University's Cleveland College.
1971 Under head coach Gerry Harbak, the newly merged CWRU men’s soccer team lost to John Carroll University, 1-0.

September 30
1903 The first issue of the Case Tech, the Case School of Applied Science student newspaper, was published.
1999 Cleveland Free-Net was discontinued. Free-Net, which originated at CWRU, was the nation's first free, open-access community computer system.

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“To Cleveland or Bust” student sentiment in the 1883 Reserve yearbook (left); Front page of the first issue of The Observer (right)

On This Day in CWRU HIstory: July
On This Day in CWRU HIstory: August

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August 14, 2017

Namesakes - Nassau Astronomical Station and Jason J. Nassau

Sixty years ago next month (9/7/1957), Case Institute of Technology (CIT) dedicated the Nassau Astronomical Station in Montville Township, Geauga County, Ohio. After 50 years of use, the university sold the Nassau Station to the Geauga Park District in 2008. The Park District renovated and refurbished the Nassau Station (retaining the original name) and it will be reopened 8/19/2017. It is a key part of Observatory Park.

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Nassau Astronomical Station in 1957 and 2017

Jason J. Nassau
Jason J. Nassau.was born 3/29/1892 in Smyrna, Asia Minor, now part of Turkey. His parents were Greek. He came to the United States to attend college. Nassau began his academic career at Columbia before transferring to Syracuse University. He received his undergraduate and graduate degrees from Syracuse, earning the Ph.D. in 1920. He also studied at Edinburg and Cambridge. He married Laura Alice Johnson in 1920 and they had 2 sons, James and Sherwood.

Nassau served in the U. S. Army during World War I and in the U. S. Coast Guard during World War II. He began his career at Case School of Applied Science in 1921 as Assistant Professor of Astronomy and Mathematics. He was appointed Director of the Warner and Swasey Observatory in 1924, serving in that position until 1959. He became Professor of Astronomy and Head of the Department in 1930. He retired in 1962 becoming Professor Emeritus of Astronomy. According to one of his obituaries, “One of Nassau’s major contributions to the fund of knowledge in the field of astronomy was the devising of a method for determining the intrinsic brightness of stars and the discovery of some 900 stars in our stellar system which are at least 6,000 times brighter than our sun.”

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Jason J. Nassau

He was a member of many scientific societies such as the American Astronomical Society, American Association of Astronomers, Royal Astronomical Society, and American Mathematical Society. He was the founder and first president of the Cleveland Astronomical Society and held offices in the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Research Council, American Association of University Professors and others. He authored over 150 articles and a widely-used textbook, Practical Astronomy. Case and Prof. Nassau served as hosts for the 67th meeting of the American Astronomical Society in 1941.

Professor Nassau was internationally known. He served on the U. S. National Committee of the International Astronomical Union. He was Secretary of the U. S. State Department Delegation to the 1952 Rome meeting of the International Astronomical Union; member of the State Department delegation to the 1955 Oslo Meeting of the International Council of Scientific Unions, also serving as member of the Executive Committee; Chairman of the State Department Delegation to the 1955 Dublin Meeting of the International Astronomical Union. Nassau was a member of the committee to organize the Conference on Stellar Evolution held at the Vatican Academy of Science in Rome, 1957. He was one of 2 Americans invited to attend the dedication of the Pulkovo Observatory in Leningrad in 1954.

He was a member of the Society of Sigma Xi, Phi Beta Keppa, and Tau Beta Pi. He received the Distinguished citizenship award from Denison University in 1956 and Nassau was the first winner of the annual Case Achievement Award (1959).


Nassau Astronomical Station
Planning for the Station began in 1953 when Maynard Murch and Jason Nassau visited several possible sites for a new observatory, identifying the property on Clay Street as a suitable site. Because of light pollution in the city, it was no longer practical to do astronomical research at the Warner & Swasey Observatory on Taylor Road.

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Burrell Schmidt-type telescope at Warner & Swasey Observatory

From 1954-1958 a fundraising campaign was conducted to acquire land, construct and furnish the building, move the 24-36” Burrell Schmidt-type telescope from the Warner & Swasey Observatory, and replace that telescope with a new 36” Cassegrain telescope. Major donors included the Cleveland Astronomical Society, the Cleveland Foundation, the Warner & Swasey Company, Allan Austin, Helen B. Warner, Maynard H. Murch, the National Science Foundation, Hanna Fund, and Mrs. Wilbert J. Austin. Gifts ranging from $10 to $5,000 were received from numerous others. Total costs, exclusive of land, were approximately $300,000. CIT trustee Allan Austin donated the 10 acres on Clay Street on which the Nassau Astronomical Station was built.

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Groundbreaking for the Nassau Astronomical Station

The ground-breaking ceremony was held 7/7/1956. The building was completed in 1957. The Austin Company designed and built it. The Burrell Schmidt-type telescope, used for research, was moved from Warner & Swasey Observatory to the Nassau Station. Its effectiveness was greatly enhanced by the relocation. The clarity of the sky was greater and the number of nights on which observations were possible increased. “The capacity of the telescope to penetrate into space proves to be some three times greater at the new station than in the Cleveland location.” Dedication ceremonies were held 9/9/1957.

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Dedication of the Nassau Astronomical Station and the Nassau family on the balcony

Background of the property
In February 1955 CIT obtained a 90-day option to buy roughly 170 acres on Clay Street. Allan Austin purchased the property and donated the 10 acres on which the Nassau Astronomical Station was built to CIT. In 1959 Austin gave the rest of this original acreage. In 1962 CIT purchased a little over 67 acres, which abutted the Nassau property, from Mr. and Mrs. George Phillips and just under 42 acres from the Farinacci Lumber Company.

Telescopes
In 1979 the Burrell Schmidt-type telescope was moved to Kitt Peak National Observatory, Arizona. Once again the problem of light pollution forced the move of the telescope. The following year the 36” Cassegrain parabolic reflector was moved from the Warner & Swasey Observatory to Nassau Station This telescope had been used primarily for educational purposes. It was more suitable for visual observing and public demonstrations. The optical design or ‘speed’ of the 36” reflector made it less sensitive to light pollution.

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Moving the Cassegrain telescope from the Warner & Swasey Observatory

In 1998 the Cassegrain parabolic reflector became the country’s first Earth-bound robotic telescope available online to the public. When the Nassau Astronomical Station was sold to the Geauga Park District, the Cassegrain telescope was included with the sale.

Both telescopes were manufactured by the Warner & Swasey Company. The university owns 2 other Warner & Swasey telescopes: a 9 1/2” telescope in the dome atop the Albert W. Smith Building on the CWRU campus and a 10” telescope on permanent loan to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History (this had been in the old WRU Physics Building). The 9 1/2” telescope was the original telescope at the Warner & Swasey Observatory on Taylor Road. It had been the personal telescope of Worcester Warner and Ambrose Swasey.

Other historical items of interest
•The site is 1,250 feet above sea level and was described at the groundbreaking as the highest spot in northern Ohio
•The building included a darkroom, workshop and living quarters for 2.
•The rotating dome is 17 feet high and 28 feet in diameter and used a 5 h.p. motor to rotate. The dome was constructed in Cleveland by the Paterson-Leitch Company.
•The research emphasis (1950s-1960s) was on galactice structure.

The CWRU Archives has the personal papers of Prof. Nassau which people are welcome to view. An appointment at least 24 hours in advance is required.

The staff of the Archives is happy to see the Nassau Astronomical Station reopen and happy to have assisted in a small way with this celebration. I personally look forward to attending the reopening and enjoying a tour of the building and seeing the refurbished Cassegrain telescope. If you cannot attend the reopening, a visit to Observatory Park anytime would be very worthwhile.

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On This Day in CWRU History: August

Below is month two of our list of significant dates in CWRU’s history. We make no claims that the list is comprehensive and invite suggestions of other dates to include.

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Flooded Sears Library, 1975 (left); Installing the second Hudson Relay rock, 1980 (right)

August 2
(1832) Elizur J. Wright, Jr., a faculty member at Western Reserve College, wrote the first in a series of letters to a Hudson, Ohio newspaper advocating the immediate emancipation of American slaves.

August 4
(1992) CWRU Trustee Executive Committee approved naming the new biomedical research building for former Ohio governor, Richard F. Celeste.
(1992) CWRU Trustee Executive Committee approved purchase of Aquatech, now known as the Cedar Avenue Service Building.

August 5
(1974) CWRU Trustee Executive Committee approved establishment of the Department of Famliy Medicine.

August 8
(1978) Alumna and future Congresswoman Stephanie Tubbs Jones was elected to the CWRU Board of Overseers

August 9
(1983) It was reported to the Trustees Executive Committee that CWRU's endowment portfolio passed the $200 million mark.

August 10
(1967) A $500 gift from the Adelbert Student Council established the William Powell Jones endowment fund to purchase books for the University Library.
(1988) CWRU Trustee Executive Committee voted to restore the practice of regularly awarding honorary degrees.

August 11
(1970) CWRU Trustee Executive Committee approved an affiliation agreement between the Medical School and St. Luke's and Mt. Sinai hospitals.

August 13
(1973) When the books closed on FY1973 it became the first year since Federation in 1967 without a deficit. A surplus of $32,000 was reported.

August 14
(1922) Groundbreaking ceremories were held for the new School of Medicine building in University Circle, later named the Harland Goff Wood Building.

August 16
(1985) Bank-In-a-Box, containing two automated teller machines, opened for business outside Thwing Center.
(1987) Phase 2 of CWRU's smoking ban stopped smoking inside all campus buildings - except residence halls. Details

August 17
(1994) The electrochemical sciences program was named the Ernest B. Yeager Center for Electrochemical Sciences.

August 18
(1986) CWRU Trustee Executive Committee approved establishment of Bachelor of Science in Computer Science & Bachelor of Science in Applied Mathematics degree programs.

August 19
(1975) Among completed summer campus facilities projects reported to Trustees: 1,900 peepholes installed in dormitory doors.

August 20
(1996) It was reported to the Trustees that the total CWRU endowment passed the $1 billion mark.

August 21
(1980) The second Hudson Relay Rock, a gift of Dr. Leonard Skeggs, was installed. Winning teams were honored by recording their class years on the rocks.
(1985) Jennings Computing Center announced a new service: a KERMIT software lending library. KERMIT was a collection of programs for personal computers and mainframes that allowed high-speed, error-free file transfers.

August 22
(1836) Western Reserve College Trustees resolved that "freedom of discussion ... is allowed the students in all subjects" and that the College would admit "young men of decent talents...without distinction of nation, denomination or complexion.”

August 23
(1837) The Western Reserve College Alumni Association was established.
(1993) CWRU's academic year began with an enrollment of 9,276. Undergraduate tuition was $15,200. 66% of freshmen were men and 34% were women.
(1993) The School of Medicine provided each first year medical student with an Apple PowerBook.

August 24
(1836) Missionary Hiram Allen Babcock was granted an honorary Master of Arts degree, the first honorary degree awarded by Western Reserve University.
(1975) A flash flood dumped over 4 feet of water in the basement of Sears library and over 6 feet into Wickenden, causing nearly $1 million in damage.
(1979) New students arrived on campus in the midst of an RTA strike. The University transported them to campus in shuttle buses from the airport.

August 25
(1830) Four years after its founding, Western Reserve College held commencement exercises for its first graduating class of four students.
(1831) Charles Preston, an 1830 graduate of Western Reserve College, was the first alumnus hired to teach at Western Reserve College.
(1989) Freshman James Gerber "became the first person at the University to be connected to CWRUnet."

August 26
(1830) The Trustees elected Charles Backus Storrs the first President of Western Reserve College.
(1834) George E. Pierce was inaugurated as Western Reserve College's second president.
(1985) CWRU's academic year began with an enrollment of 8,261. Undergraduate tuition was $8300. 73% of freshmen were men and 27% were women.
(1986) The 9-1/2 inch telescope, formerly housed in the Warner & Swasey Observatory on Taylor Road, was placed on top of the Smith Building as part of a new student observatory.

August 27
(1828) Western Reserve College, which did not have a graduating class for two more years, held a public commencement celebrating its two years of existence.
(1834) Four students each received the Master of Arts degree, the first awarded at Western Reserve College.
(1979) First Doctor of Nursing (N.D.) students began classes at Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing.

August 29
(1890) The Trustees elected Charles Franklin Thwing the sixth president of Western Reserve University. Thwing was the longest-serving president at either Case Institute of Technology or Western Reserve University.

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Allen Smith, Jr. portrait of George Pierce (left); Herman Gustav Herkomer painting of Charles F. Thwing (right)

On This Day in CWRU History: July

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July 04, 2017

On This Day in CWRU History: July

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1887 Medical School building (left); Ribbon cutting to launch Cleveland Free-Net (right)

From time to time the CWRU Archives is asked for a list of significant dates in the university's history. We've used various platforms, including a Twitter experiment, described here, to highlight some of the people and events that have made our institutional history so rich. To make this information a little more accessible, we're going to compile the dates we've identified in monthly blog postings. We make no claims that these lists are comprehensive. In fact, we invite members of our community to let us know of other dates that warrant inclusion. Below are July's dates.

July 1
1947: The Case School of Applied Science was renamed Case Institute of Technology.

1967: Case Institute of Technology and Western Reserve University federated, creating Case Western Reserve University.

1986: The Matthew A. Baxter School of Information and Library Science closed.

1987: The Colleges, which combined the CWRU undergraduate schools of Western Reserve College and Case Institute of Technology, was established.

1992: The College of Arts and Sciences was established. It was formed from the humanities and arts departments; social and behavioral sciences departments; and mathematics and natural science departments of The Colleges. The Case School of Engineering was established. It was formed from the engineering departments of The Colleges.

July 3
1886: Cady Staley was elected the first President of Case School of Applied Science at a salary of $3,500 per year.

July 5
1967: The General Faculty of Case Western Reserve University was established by the Trustees. It comprised all enfranchised members of the Case Institute of Technology faculty and the eight Western Reserve University faculties.
1967: CWRU's first colors, seal, and coat of arms were approved by the Trustees.
1967: At the first meeting of the CWRU Board of Trustees, the University Archives was established and Ruth Helmuth was named University Archivist.

July 8
1887: Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley began a series of precise measurements to demonstrate the existence of the ether, thought to be the medium which transmitted light throughout space.

1994: 1977 Case Engineering graduate Donald Thomas began his mission aboard the space shuttle Columbia. While in orbit, Thomas flew a CWRU banner.

July 9
1856: Levi Bodley Wilson, an 1848 graduate of Western Reserve College, became the first alumnus elected as a WRC trustee.

1857: Henry Ward Ingersoll received the first Bachelor of Science degree awarded by Western Reserve College.

July 10
1862: Western Reserve College's Commencement was postponed until October 15 due to the absence of most students fighting in the Civil War.

July 11
1885: Cornerstone was laid for WRU’s second (and last downtown) Medical School building.

July 12
1845: Former slave and noted abolitionist, Frederick Douglass, addressed the Western Reserve College literary societies during Commencement Week. His topic was "The Claims of the Negro Ethnologically."

1855: Henry L. Hitchcock was inaugurated as Western Reserve College's third president.

July 16
1986: CWRU launched Cleveland Free-Net, the nation's first free, open-access community computer system.
1992: Campus News reported installation of a 16-foot, 1-ton clock on the tower of the new Biomedical Research Building.

July 27
1938: Groundbreaking ceremonies were held for an addition to Eldred Hall.

July 31
1925: Cleveland College, Western Reserve University’s adult education college, was incorporated.

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CWRU's 1967 coat of arms (left); Ruth W. Helmuth, CWRU's first University Archivist (right)

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