February 23, 2018

African-American History Month Spotlight: First CWRU Black History Week

In February 1969 the Afro-American Society sponsored the first Black History Week at CWRU. It was entitled, “Black Renaissance Week” and was held 2/9-2/15/1969. Students Stephane Tubbs and Mike Sutton were co-chairs who planned the activities. As reported in the Reserve Tribune, Michael Fisher was the advisor for the project and defined it as “one week of black cultural and educational programs open to anyone who’s willing to take the time and opportunity to learn.” Stephanie Tubbs said, “It’s one of the ways we plan to bring the black community and the University closer together.” Black History Week at CWRU originated as one of the demands presented to President Morse in December of 1968 by the Afro-American Society.

The week opened on Sunday afternoon, 2/9, with a showing of original African-inspired fashions designed by Black Sisters United in the Thwing ballroom. Roy Innis, national director of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) spoke that night in Strosacker Auditorium.

Events from the week included:
Monday, 2/10: The Lee Park Players presented excerpts from An Evening with Norman Jorden, “exploring the black revolution and the black man in the past” in the Thwing ballroom.
Monday, 2/10: United Black Artists followed the Lee Park Players with a live jazz offering.

Tuesday, 2/11: A seminar on education was held in the Tomlinson Hall ballroom. Speakers and their topics were: Don Freeman, director of the Lee Park Settlement and a graduate of CWRU, “Educational Revolution: Theory and Practice;” Robert Hampton, assistant manager of Cedar apartments and formerly a professor at Central State University, “Education: What is it?”; and William Pickard, executive director of the Cleveland NAACP, “The Role of the Black Student.”
Tuesday, 2/11: United Black Artists presented cosmic music and black poetry. The Black Unity Trio (also known as Bismilla Hir Rahman Nir Raheem) performed the music. They also provided background music as Amjeba Nbomba read his poetry. In addition, "Eight black dramatists read poetry selections from the writings of Margaret Walker, Norman Johnson, and Charles Langford, a student at John Hay High School.”

Wednesday 2/12: a program of gospel music was presented by Marion Williams of Philadelphia in Strosacker Auditorium at 7 p.m. the audience gave her 5 standing ovations during the performance. The singer performed 3 encores and led the audience in a sing-along.

Thursday, 2/13: a poetry presentation was made by the Watts Writers Poetry Group in Hatch Auditorium at 8 p.m. The Watts Writers Workshop was founded after the Watts riots of 1965 and was on a Midwestern tour. Members included Bill Jackson, James Jackson, Sonorra McKeller, Lillian Tarry, Quincy Troupe, and tour coordinator Charles Thomas.

Friday, 2/14: a Soul Dinner was held in Leutner Commons at 5 p.m. After the dinner, Alton X (formerly known as Alton Patterson), head of Black Student Union of Central State University, spoke about the Black renaissance.

Saturday, 2/15: a seminar entitled, Economics in the Black Community, was held in Hatch Auditorium at 3 p.m. The speakers were Deane Buchanan of the Black Economic Union, Frank Anderson of the Hough Development Corporation, and Cyril Winters of the CORE Target City Cleveland project.
Saturday, 2/15: to close out the week, a concert, called the Soul Symposium, was held in Adelbert Gym. It featured the O’Jays with opening act New Directions. This was the only event of the week which had an admission charge - $2.50.

Coverage of the events appeared in the Reserve Tribune (2/7/1969, 2/11/1969, 2/14/1969, 2/18/1969, 2/21/1969) and Case Tech (2/14/1969) student newspapers.

You can read past blog entries about African-American history at Case Western Reserve University from 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2011.

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February 01, 2018

On This Day in CWRU History: February

Below is month eight of our list of significant dates in CWRU’s history. The list is not comprehensive and we invite suggestions of other dates to include.

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February 2
1987 EUCLID, the combined catalogs for all campus libraries, went on-line. Terminals were available in all the libraries and it was hoped that dial-in access would be available soon.
1989 Blues artist, Robert Lockwood, Jr., performed at The Spot in Leutner Commons.

February 3
1974 Blues musician Bonnie Raitt played a benefit concert at Strosacker Auditorium. The concert was a fundraiser for the Indochina Peace Campaign, which opposed the U. S. war in Vietnam.

February 4
1891 Charles F. Thwing was inaugurated as Western Reserve University's sixth president.
1904 Western Reserve University's first weekly student newspaper, Reserve Weekly, was published.
1910 Case School of Applied Science defeated Western Reserve University in each school's first intercollegiate varsity hockey game, 2-0.
1987 Longtime Case Institute of Technology and CWRU basketball coach Bill Sudeck notched his 200th career win. CWRU defeated Oberlin College, 80-78, at Emerson Gym.
1999 Poland's former president and Solidarity leader, Lech Walesa, visited CWRU's College Scholars House.

February 5
1990 Fred Gray, an attorney who defended Rosa Parks when she refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus, was the keynote speaker at CWRU's celebration of Black History Month. Gray was a 1954 graduate of the CWRU School of Law.

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Desktop computers, 1983

February 6
1985 An 8-member task force was appointed to study CWRU's voice communications and computing needs for the next decade. According to Donald Schuele, the chairman, "Eventually a computer will be as commonplace on each worker's desk as a telephone is today."
1998 CWRU held its first indoor track meet at the Veale Center.

February 7
1826 The State of Ohio granted the charter to establish Western Reserve College. Happy Birthday, CWRU!

February 8
1968 Future U.S. president Gerald Ford spoke at Strosacker Auditorium, giving a lecture entitled "The American Political Scene."
1980 CWRU Trustees named the School of Management in honor of the Weatherhead family.
1992 The topping-off ceremony was held for the Richard F. Celeste Biomedical Research Building.

February 9
1831 Charles B. Storrs was inaugurated as Western Reserve College's first president.
1929 Case School of Applied Science lost to Western Reserve University in Case's first varsity wrestling tournament, 21-13.
1973 CWRU Trustees renamed the Consolidated Colleges of Adelbert, Flora Stone Mather, and Cleveland Colleges as Western Reserve College.

February 10
1957 Thwing Hall was formally opened as the new Western Reserve University student union. It previously housed WRU's University Library.

February 11
1981 CWRU Trustees renamed the School of Library Science in honor of Matthew A. Baxter.
1995 At Thwing Ballroom, CWRU's Gay Lesbian Bisexual Alliance held its first "Lavender Ball."

February 14
1955 From the basement of the Mather Memorial Building, Western Reserve University's student radio station, WRAR-AM, went on the air for the first time.
1997 As reported by The Observer, a new cable movie channel was created for CWRUVideo by the Residence Hall Association and the Office of Residence and Housing Life.

February 15
1915 As reported by the Case School of Applied Science student newspaper, Case Tech, the Master Masons Clubs of Case and Western Reserve University merged. Having 33 members, the merged club was called the "Reserve - Case Masonic Club."
1968 Community organizer Saul Alinsky spoke to an overflow crowd at Harkness Chapel on “The Mechanics of Mass Organization.”
1969 Afro-American Society sponsored week-long Black Renaissance Week, CWRU’s first Black History Week celebration.
1974 Southern rockers, Lynyrd Skynyrd, performed at a sold out Adelbert Gym concert. Country singer Charlie Daniels opened. Tickets were $5.

February 16
1866 Allen Campbell Barrows, a graduate of Western Reserve College 1861, was the first alumnus to hold a professorship at the College. He was named to the chair of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy.
2000 Jody Williams, the 1997 Nobel Laureate for Peace, spoke at Thwing Center Ballroom. Williams won the Nobel Prize for her work to ban landmines.

February 21
1967 Groundbreaking ceremonies were held for the Carlton Road dormitory complex.

February 23
1844 The State of Ohio amended Western Reserve College's charter to allow the School to establish a medical department.

February 24
1894 The Alumnae Association of the College for Women (renamed Flora Stone Mather College in 1931) was established. Emily C. Monck, Class of 1893, was elected as the association's first president.
1971 The first Case Western Reserve University football banquet was held. Only desert was served, with money saved donated to aid families of Marshall University football players killed in a plane crash in November 1970.
1932 Western Reserve University established a chapter of the Society of Sigma Xi, an honorary scientific society.

February 25
1971 The rock band, the Allman Brothers Band, performed at Emerson Gym.

February 26
1967 WRUW-FM 91.1 began its first broadcast. It replaced WRAR-AM as the University's radio station.

February 27
1912 As reported by the Case School of Applied Science newspaper, Case Tech, the Case Wireless Club was recently established. Organized by students, its purpose was to "construct a wireless telegraph station for the study and practice of wireless telegraphy."

February 28
1894 According to the 1894/95 annual report and the 1894 Commencement program, the first Dental School graduates received the Doctor of Dental Surgery on 2/28/1894. The graduates were Carl A.H. Anderson, George Otis De Urfae, Hugh Burt Mitchell, and John F.H. Riggs.

On This Day in CWRU HIstory: July
On This Day in CWRU HIstory: August
On This Day in CWRU History: September
On This Day in CWRU History: October
On This Day in CWRU History: November
On This Day in CWRU History: December
On This Day in CWRU History: January

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January 31, 2018

Dental School hosts Congress of International Association of Dental Students

The International Association of Dental Student’s (IADS) 25th Congress took place 8/3-8/13/1978. Over 400 dental students, including 250 from 30 different countries attended. IADS is the student affiliate of the International Federation of Dentists. It promotes dental health around the world through education, training and volunteer programs within and among countries. The 25th Congress in 1978 was the first in the Western Hemisphere and the first hosted by a U.S. dental school.

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IADS members carrying flags of their nations in opening ceremonies held in Amasa Stone Chapel

The 10 day event offered students first-hand knowledge of American dental techniques, equipment and research. While scientific programs, lectures, workshops and educational clinics were held on the CWRU campus, social activities off campus were offered as well. Students visited Cleveland City Hall and were greeted by the mayor; attended a Cleveland Indians baseball game; and visited Cedar Point amusement park and Niagara Falls.

George Vasilakis, class of 1968 and Assistant Professor of Oral Diagnosis at CWRU, chaired the committee of faculty and students which coordinated the event.

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January 10, 2018

Urban Vehicle Design Competition

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Car entered in the competition by joint CWRU/CIA team

In 1972 a combined team from CWRU and Cleveland Institute of Art won 1 of 3 awards for styling and design in the National Urban Vehicle Design Competition at the General Motors Proving Grounds in Milford, Michigan. Teams from 67 other universities participated in the competition. It was sponsored by Student Competitions on Relevant Engineering, Inc. (SCORE).

According to President Toepfer's Annual Report for 1972-1973, the team “fields a small automobile, capable of seating four, featuring an impact-resistant bumper and an electronic system which prevents starting the car if the drive is intoxicated. The car is powered by an internal combustion engine converted to run on propane gas, but the team is continuing its efforts to design a steam engine for the vehicle.”

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Several team members with car and holding award plaque

Participating students from CWRU included: Mark K. Altschuler, John S. Amneus, III, Steven R. Buerkel, Roger S. Duff, David D. Evans, Dave J. Fries, Marilyn C. Malone, Steve A. Willeke, John Stenbuck, Ralph Anthony. Students from the Cleveland Institute of Art were: John Breen, Brian Bundy, Julian Carter, Dave Ciganko, Dan Cornell, Ken Foran, Jim Girard, Larry Nagode, John Nottingham, Larry Pentz, Ron Reiman, Marty Smith, Martin Spicuzza, John Spirk, Al Turner. Primary faculty advisers to the program were: Isaac Greber, Professor of Engineering, CWRU; Roy P. Hess, Assistant Head of Industrial Design Department, CIA; and Alan B. Kuper, Associate Professor of Engineering, CWRU.

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January 02, 2018

On This Day in CWRU History: January

Below is month seven of our list of significant dates in CWRU’s history. The list is not comprehensive and we invite suggestions of other dates to include.

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Left: Spook Sonata at Eldred Theatre, 1939; Right: Case men mourn the loss of football, 1954

January 1
1941 Western Reserve University defeated the Arizona State Teachers College in football at the Sun Bowl in El Paso, Texas, 26-13. It was the only time that WRU or Case Institute of Technology appeared in a college football bowl game.

January 3
1908 A reception was held in honor of the opening of Mather Gym. It was the first gym devoted solely to Flora Stone Mather College students.

January 5
1970 The first day of Intersession began CWRU’s 7-year experiment with a month-long, voluntary, intensive study of a single topic.

January 7
1950 John S. Millis was inaugurated as Western Reserve University's last president.

January 9
1969 The Glennan Space Engineering Building was dedicated.

January 11
1958 In the first dual swim meet held in Donnell Pool at Emerson Gymnasium, Case Institute of Technology lost to Grove City College.

January 12
1954 Case Institute of Technology students held a "funeral" by burying a deflated football in front of Tomlinson Hall. Case dropped varsity football 62 years after fielding its first team in 1891. Football returned to the Case campus in 1955.

January 13
1995 As reported by The Observer, seven Tippit House female suite mates won the National College Pigsty Search for the messiest dorm room. They were awarded $1000, a professional room cleaning, and a party for 100 friends.

January 16
1985 Six coin-operated digital word processors were installed in Thwing Center. The cost for use was $2.00/hour. Three letter-quality printers were also available which produced paper copy "as good as anything an IBM Selectric can turn out."
1987 The Canadian rock band, The Guess Who, performed at Adelbert Gym as part of the University Program Board's Re-orientation Party. The event was free for undergraduates, $2 for alumni, and $5 for all others.

January 17
1939 Eldred Hall's new theater addition opened with a production of Spook Sonata.
1991 First Master of Non-Profit Organizations degree conferred.

January 18
1968 The Constitution of the CWRU chapter of the American Association of University Professors was approved, combining the Western Reserve University and Case Institute of Technology chapters.

January 19
1995 Poet Nikki Giovanni was the keynote speaker at the annual Martin Luther King, Jr. Convocation.

January 20
1912 Case School of Applied Science played its first varsity basketball game, losing to Oberlin College, 37-25.

January 24
1888 Western Reserve University Trustees established the College for Women, which was later renamed in honor of Flora Stone Mather.
1888 Hiram C. Haydn was inaugurated as Western Reserve University's fifth president.
1998 CWRU fraternity Zeta Beta Tau held its first annual fundraising "Casino Night" at Thwing Ballroom.

January 26
1972 In its first varsity game, CWRU’s women’s basketball team was defeated by Oberlin 34-30

January 27
1912 In their first meeting, Western Reserve University beat Case School of Applied Science in varsity basketball, 29-19.

January 29
1993 As reported by The Observer, Undergraduate Admissions implemented a new electronic application process on an MS-DOS computer disk. Included on the disk was information about financial aid, dorm life, and maps of University Circle.

January 30
1976 Held at Strosacker Auditorium, the first 24-hour Science Fiction Film Marathon began with a showing of The Day the Earth Stood Still. Other films included Fahrenheit 451, The Andromeda Strain, Metropolis, and The Time Machine. Admission was $1.
2003 Edward M. Hundert was inaugurated as CWRU's sixth president.

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Left: WRU Sun Bowl football program, 1941; Right: Nikki Giovanni at Martin Luther King, Jr. Convocation, 1995

On This Day in CWRU HIstory: July
On This Day in CWRU HIstory: August
On This Day in CWRU History: September
On This Day in CWRU History: October
On This Day in CWRU History: November
On This Day in CWRU History: December

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December 22, 2017

Namesakes - Frederick C. Robbins and Robbins Building

“In deep appreciation for the many contributions that Frederick C. Robbins, M.D. has made to this University and to society, the East Wing of the School of Medicine is hereby named: The Frederick C. Robbins Building”
- text from the building plaque

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Frederick C. Robbins and Robbins Building

Frederick Robbins (1916-2003)
It was 63 years ago this month that Frederick C. Robbins received the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology with John F. Enders and Thomas H. Weller “for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue.” This discovery led to the Salk and Sabin polio vaccines.

Robbins was Professor of Pediatrics in the School of Medicine at the time of his Nobel Prize honor. He was also Director of Pediatrics and Contagious Diseases at City Hospital (now known as MetroHealth Medical Center). He had begun his appointment at Western Reserve University (WRU) in 1952.

Born 8/25/1916 in Auburn, Alabama, he was raised in Missouri. He received his A.B. from the University of Missouri in 1936 and the B.S. from the University of Missouri Medical School in 1938. He attended Harvard Medical School where he received the M.D. in 1940. He was a resident in Bacteriology at The Children’s Hospital in Boston in 1940-1941 as well as an intern in 1941-1942.

He entered the U. S. Army in 1942, serving until 1946 in the U. S., Italy, and North Africa. He was assigned to the Fifteenth Medical General Laboratory as Chief of the Virus and Rickettsial Disease Section. This unit conducted research on infectious hepatitis, typhus fever and Q fever and supervised general virus diagnostic work. For a 6 month period he was Assistant Director of the Division of Virus and Rickettsial Diseases, Army Medical School under Dr. Joseph E. Smadel. Robbins received the Bronze Star. His rank upon discharge was Major.

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Fred Robbins in Italy during World War II

After World War II, Robbins returned to Boston, serving as Assistant Resident and Chief Resident at The Children’s Hospital, 1946-1948, with a 3 month stint at Vanderbilt University Medical School as Exchange Assistant Resident in Pediatrics. In 1948 he began his work with Dr. John F. Enders and Thomas H. Weller in the Research Division of Infectious Diseases at The Children’s Hospital. As Senior Fellow in Virus Diseases he conducted investigations concerning the mumps virus and polio virus. He resigned his fellowship in 1950 to (in his own words) “continue with Dr. Enders on investigations concerning the cultivation of poliomyelitis virus and the application of these techniques.” At this time he was also a Research Fellow, Instructor, and Associate in Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School.

In 1952 Robbins came to WRU. “I came here really because this school was so alive at that time. It was such a dynamic place. The faculty were an interesting group of people, some of whom I already knew quite well.” (Oral history interview with Frederick C. Robbins, 11/29/1993) These people included Charles Rammelkamp and John Dingle, who he knew through his work in the war at Fort Bragg. A friend and former roommate, Bill Wallace, became head of Pediatrics at Babies and Childrens Hospital of University Hospitals of Cleveland while Robbins became head of Pediatrics at City Hospital - both affiliated hospitals of the School of Medicine. 1952 was the year WRU School of Medicine radically changed its curriculum. Robbins served as chairman of the Committee on Medical Education 1958-1962.

In 1966 Robbins was named dean of the School of Medicine, serving in that position until 1980. It was during this time period that the Robbins Building and Sears Tower were built. In addition to his role as Professor of Pediatrics and Dean, in 1973 Robbins became Professor of Community Health. He was named Dean Emeritus and University Professor in 1980. After a 5 year term as President of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C., Robbins returned to CWRU. He had an active research program and served as Director of the Center for Adolescent Health. According to his obituary, “In the late 1980s, Robbins was instrumental in establishing the Case medical school’s collaboration with the government of Uganda and Makerere University for HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis research.” He was co-principal investigator of a multidisciplinary research program on AIDS funded by NIH.

Dr. Robbins received many awards and honors such as the First Mead Johnson Award with Dr. Weller, the Kimble Methodology Research Award with Drs. Enders and Weller, the Award for Distinguished Achievement (Modern Medicine), Ohio Governor’s Award, and the Abraham Flexner Award. He received honorary degrees from numerous institutions such as John Carroll University, University of Missouri, University of New Mexico, Tufts University, and The Medical College of Pennsylvania. He served on numerous committees and professional organizations.

On campus, in addition to the Robbins Building naming he received other recognitions: the Special Medical Alumni Association Board of Trustees Award, honorary doctor of science degree, the first Frank and Dorothy Humel Hovorka Prize, the Frederick C. Robbins, M.D. Professorship in Child and Adolescent Health, and a travel fellowship in his name.

Dr. Robbins was married to Alice Northrop and they had 2 children, Christine and Louise.

The Frederick C. Robbins Building
Construction for the Robbins Building began in 1967 and was completed in 1971. As recounted in the Medical Alumni Bulletin: “Ten years of planning and four years of building finally came down to February 1, 1971, when the handsome new East Wing of the School of Medicine was taken over by students, faculty and staff. With no interruption in the regular program of classes and laboratory sessions, Phase I and Phase II students started the day in their comfortable new lecture rooms; in the afternoon, they moved their microscopes and equipment to their new laboratories, where instructions began the next day.”

The Robbins Building, originally called the East Wing, was part of the larger University Medical Center Campaign. At a cost of $38,900,000 new buildings were constructed for the School of Dentistry, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, and 2 buildings for the School of Medicine. In addition to the Robbins Building which provided teaching and laboratory space as well as space for the Health Sciences Library, the Lester M. and Ruth P. Sears Administration Tower was built and connected the old Medical School building, renamed the West Wing (and later the Wood Building), and the East Wing [Robbins Building]. Sears Tower housed conference rooms and administrative offices.

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Fred Robbins during building construction in 1967

The new Health Sciences Library, housed in the Robbins Building, included over 100,00 titles, 1,200 periodicals, an extensive catalog of AV-TV materials, general reading rooms, individual carrels and conference rooms. Three floors of the building housed student mulitidisciplinary laboratories, lecture and conference rooms, and 2 floors housed the Department of Anatomy. The lower level contained the Animal Facility and Surgical Research Unit, and the ground floor held the Health Sciences Communication Center (HSCC). The HSCC was “the hub of a network which will link the three health sciences schools, University Hospitals, and eventually the other affiliated hospitals of the School of Medicine for the transmission of programs of undergraduate and graduate education.”

On 5/15/2003, 32 years after he had seen it through to construction, the East Wing of the School of Medicine was dedicated and renamed in honor of Fred Robbins. It was a fitting tribute. Dr. Robbins died 8/4/2003. At his memorial service held on the CWRU campus 9/19/2003, his brother Dan spoke. As part of his remarks he said, “Fred was my big brother, my teacher, my friend and my hero. He was also the best man at my wedding and provided medication for my nerves---a small glass of sherry...You remember him as a great scientist, a great educator and a great humanitarian. I remember him as great brother. I want to thank all of you for coming to honor him.”

The CWRU Archives has Dr. Robbins office files as dean and his personal papers.

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December 06, 2017

On This Day in CWRU History: December

Below is month six of our list of significant dates in CWRU’s history. The list is not comprehensive and we invite suggestions of other dates to include.

December 1
1971 Under head coach Bill Sudeck, the newly merged CWRU basketball team lost to Oberlin College, 96-84.
1986 A new microcomputer laboratory, featuring Apple computers, opened in Freiberger Library. Almost 2400 people used the lab during its first 20 weeks.

December 2
1968 The newly formed Afro-American Society at CWRU presented several demands to President Morse. Among them that courses leading to a degree in Afro-American studies be offered.

December 3
1828 As reported in Western Reserve College's Board of Trustee minutes, the first bequest given to the College was from Reverend Nathan B. Derrow. Upon his death, one half of Derrow's library came to the College.
1971 CWRU Trustees combined Adelbert, Flora Stone Mather, and Cleveland Colleges to create the Consolidated Colleges.

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Heraldic banner of the School of Applied Social Sciences

December 4
1915 Western Reserve University Trustees established the School of Applied Social Sciences.
1963 William Sudeck, longtime coach at Case Institute of Technology and CWRU, coached his first basketball game at Case, defeating Walsh College, 88-56. Sudeck coached basketball at the University for 36 years.

December 5
1970 The newly merged CWRU swim team faced off against the University of Akron in its first meet.
1970 The newly merged CWRU men's wrestling team participated in the University of Rochester Invitational tournament.

December 6
1930 Case School of Applied Science had its first varsity fencing match, defeating Youngstown College 9-7.

December 7
1994 The Holiday CircleFest debuted. University Circle institutions opened in the evening for holiday shopping, exhibits, music, and activities.

December 8
2003 Groundbreaking ceremonies were held for the Village at 115 dormitory complex.

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Dr. Frederick Robbins, 1956

December 10
1954 Dr. Frederick Robbins, Western Reserve University professor of pediatrics, received the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. Robbins was later dean of the School of Medicine and University Professor.

December 11
1953 Ground breaking ceremonies were held for the William E. Wickenden Electrical Engineering Building at Case Institute of Technology. Wickenden was president of Case from 1929 to 1947.
1969 The Constitution of the University Faculty was approved by the CWRU Trustees.
1986 The A. R. Jennings Computing Center opened the Microcomputer Information Center in Room 319 Wickenden.

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Heraldic banner of the School of Graduate Studies

December 12
1828 Western Reserve College faculty member Rufus Nutting and ten WRC students established the Handel Society. Meeting weekly, members practiced singing and read essays about musical subjects and musicians.
1892 Western Reserve University Trustees established the Department of Graduate Instruction, later the School of Graduate Studies.
1973 CWRU Trustees authorized planning for a major fundraising campaign. The Resources Campaign, 1976-1981, raised over $215 million.
1988 Finals week Late Night Breakfast began. Free breakfast was served to students at 11 pm at Leutner and Fribley Commons.

December 13
1969 The newly merged CWRU men's fencing team met Oberlin College in its first match.

December 15
1998 The 0.9m telescope at CWRU's Nassau Astronomical Station in Geauga County was the country's first Earth-bound robotic telescope available online to the public.

December 16
1945 Laura Diehl became the first woman to receive an undergraduate degree from the Case School of Applied Science, earning a B.S. in Physics.

December 17
1919 Western Reserve University's student newspaper, The Reserve Weekly, reported that Adelbert Main was finally wired for electricity.
1990 The move into the new Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences building began. This was the first campus building wired for data, voice, and video communications in its original construction.

December 18
1947 At the first college sporting event televised in Cleveland, Western Reserve University's basketball team defeated Fenn College at Adelbert Gym, 63-26.

December 19
1891 Case School of Applied Science and Western Reserve University varsity football teams met for the first time. WRU defeated Case, 22-0. Over the next 79 years, Case and WRU played each other 74 times. WRU had 49 wins; Case had 20 wins; they tied 5 times.
1892 Western Reserve University Trustees renamed the School of Law in honor of Franklin Thomas Backus.
1910 Case School of Applied Science and Western Reserve University fielded varsity hockey teams for the first time. They played each other at the Elysium, and WRU was victorious over Case, 3-1.
1952 Case Institute of Technology and Western Reserve University dedicated a plaque on their common border near Euclid Avenue in honor of the Michelson-Morley ether drift experiments of July 1887.

December 20
1922 At the College for Women Christmas Carol service, the new Harkness Chapel organ was dedicated.

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Case family Christmas party, 1963

December 23
1963 Case Institute of Technology held its first annual Family Christmas Party for all faculty, staff, and their families in Emerson Gym.
1966 Joint Case-WRU Trustee Committee recommended establishment of a federated university to be called Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) "to bring into being a nationally-recognized community of academic excellence."
1969 For the first time, the fall semester ended in December.
1973 CWRU President Louis A. Toepfer made his annual Christmas Walk across campus, bringing holiday greetings to all staff.

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Jason J. Nassau with the Burrell Schmidt-type telescope at Warner & Swasey Observatory

December 29
1941 Dedication ceremonies for the enlarged Warner & Swasey Observatory and new Burrell Schmidt-type telescope were held in conjunction with the meeting of the American Astronomical Society.

On This Day in CWRU HIstory: July
On This Day in CWRU HIstory: August
On This Day in CWRU History: September
On This Day in CWRU History: October
On This Day in CWRU History: November

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