October 09, 2015

CWRU's International Initiatives

In its five-year Plan for Case Western Reserve University, 1990-1995, the university adopted as one of its priorities, “Global and international orientation in teaching, research, and scholarship.” At that time CWRU had students and faculty from over 70 countries and was committed to expanding previous international initiatives and developing new programs.

The Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences responded to the challenge by reviewing past programs and planning new ones. In 1993 its faculty committee, Local-INternational Konnections (LINK), issued the Report on MSASS International Activities: A Look at the Last 20 Years. LINK’s assessment of the school’s situation in 1993 was that, “international work at MSASS has increased significantly since 1990. However, in comparison to the organized structures for international work at other professional schools at CWRU, MSASS is behind considerably. At the same time, however, MSASS is probably substantially ahead of other schools of social work in the United States.”

MSASS traced its international involvement to student and faculty exchange programs in the 1920s. Students and faculty have come from Australia, Canada, Egypt, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Israel, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, New Zealand, Norway, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Uruguay, and others.

MSASS has provided technical assistance to other countries developing social work education and professional associations. Research has explored the emergence of non-profit organizations, community organizing, and needs of and services for handicapped children.

In 1999 MSASS established the Office on International Affairs and Non-Governmental Organizations. Both international field placements and local field work with an international emphasis have been offered. The Herman D. Stein Lectureship in International Social Welfare, endowed in 1999, brings prominent international figures in social work to campus annually. Among numerous global activities, Stein, Dean of the school from 1964 to 1968, was president of the International Association of Schools of Social Work, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director of UNICEF, and conducted social welfare missions all over the world.

These global perspectives and action in the field of social work education and practice have been part of the school’s proud 100-year tradition of service, teaching, and scholarship.

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September 25, 2015

Phi Beta Kappa Alpha of Ohio Chapter

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The Alpha of Ohio chapter of Phi Beta Kappa was established at Western Reserve College 10/28/1847. It was the 10th chapter established and the first chapter west of the Allegheny mountains.

Phi Beta Kappa was founded at William and Mary College 12/5/1776. An honor society in the arts and sciences, it is the country’s oldest honor society. Before the William and Mary chapter was suspended during the Revolutionary War (when the college was temporarily closed), charters were granted to Yale (1780) and Harvard (1781). According to Western Reserve University historian Frederick C. Waite, it was the connection between Yale and Western Reserve College (WRC) that led to the Alpha of Ohio Chapter.

In 1841 six members of the WRC faculty petitioned the Alpha of Connecticut chapter of Phi Beta Kappa (at Yale) to establish a chapter. Five of the six faculty members were graduates of Yale and members of Phi Beta Kappa. (By the time the charter was granted the non-Yale alumnus had left WRC and been replaced with a Yale alumnus.) The Yale chapter approved the request pending approval by the other Alpha chapters. On 10/19/1847 the Connecticut Alpha of Phi Beta Kappa granted the charter.

The WRC charter members convened on 10/28/1847 to organize a branch of Phi Beta Kappa. Elijah Barrows was appointed chairman and Henry Noble Day was appointed secretary. At this meeting the six faculty invited two other faculty members (Dartmouth alumni and Alpha of New Hampshire Phi Beta Kappa members) to unite in the organization of the Alpha of Ohio chapter.

The Alpha of Ohio charter members were: George E. Pierce,WRC president, Elijah P. Barrows, Henry Noble Day, James Nooney, Jr., Samuel St. John, Nathan P. Seymour. Faculty members Samuel C. Bartlett, and Clement Long were the two additional organizing members.

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George E. Pierce and Elijah P. Barrows

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Samuel St. John and Nathan P. Seymour

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Clement Long

The chapter was commonly referred to as the Alpha of Ohio at Western Reserve College. In 1882 Western Reserve College moved from its Hudson campus to Cleveland and became Adelbert College of Western Reserve University. The Alpha of Ohio chapter was then referred to as the Alpha of Ohio at Adelbert College.

In 1901 the College for Women faculty voted to petition for a chapter. By 1903 the petition was endorsed by 5 chapters and presented to the Senate of the United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa. In 1904 an Alpha of Ohio chapter committee was appointed to outline a plan concerning the College for Women. However, at the 6/15/1905 chapter meeting it was reported that a separate chapter could not be granted by the Senate of the United Chaptesrs to the College for Women. The custom was that 2 charters should not be granted to closely affiliated institutions. The women’s college could gain membership through the Alpha of Ohio Chapter. On 6/9/1906 the College for Women section of Alpha of Ohio was established.

After July 1931 the business of the 2 sections as it pertained to matters of common interest was conducted by an Executive Council of 6 members (3 from Adelbert College and 3 from Mather College). The chair of this council rotated every year. In 1959 the by-laws were revised and women students of Cleveland College who were candidates for the B.A. were considered for membership in the Mather section and men students of Cleveland College pursuing the B.A. were considered for membership in the Adelbert section.

After the merger of the 3 undergraduate colleges (Adelbert, Cleveland, and Mather) in 1971, the 2 Alpha of Ohio sections merged in 1972.


Phi Beta Kappa key of Charles W. Palmer, 1848 and Arthur H. Palmer, 1879, obverse and reverse

(The portraits of Barrows, Long, and Seymour hang in the University Archives. The portrait of St. John hangs in the School of Medicine. The portrait of President Pierce hangs in Adelbert Hall.)

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September 11, 2015

Namesakes - John C. Hutchins Professor of Law

In 1961 Carleton C. Hutchins bequeathed over $500,000 to establish a trust fund to support Western Reserve University’s School of Law in honor of his father, John C. Hutchins. WRU’s Trustees, in turn, established the John C. Hutchins Professor of Law, the Law School’s first endowed professorship. Elmore L. Andrews and Frederick K. Cox, the Hutchins Trust trustees, recommended that the professorship not be filled until an evaluation and plan for the school be developed. They offered to pay the cost of an extensive evaluation from the Hutchins Trust. The evaluation committee was headed by Derek C. Bok. The resulting “Bok Report,” issued in 1965, guided much of the Law School’s planning for many years.

John C. Hutchins was a distinguished Cleveland lawyer and jurist. From the 1870s through the 1890s, Hutchins served as Cuyahoga County prosecuting attorney, and Judge of the Cleveland Municipal Court and Common Pleas Court. In 1895 Hutchins was appointed Postmaster of Cleveland. Hutchins was also a member of the Cleveland School Board, the Cleveland Public Library Board, and the Cuyahoga County Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument Commission.

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Sidney B. Jacoby (left) and Lewis R. Katz (right)

The first John C. Hutchins Professor of Law, Sidney B. Jacoby, was named to the professorship in 1975. Jacoby earned the J.D. in 1933 from the University of Berlin and the LL.B. from Columbia University in 1939. From 1940 to 1957 he was an attorney for the United States in a variety of positions, including the Interior and Justice Departments. He also served on the prosecutor’s staff for the Nuremberg war crimes trials. From 1957 till 1968 Jacoby was Professor of Law at Georgetown University. In 1968 Jacoby joined the CWRU Law School faculty. He was appointed John C. Hutchins Professor of Law in 1975 and John C. Hutchins Professor Emeritus of Law in 1976. Jacoby taught and wrote extensively on civil procedure, government litigation, and comparative law.

The second John C. Hutchins Professor of Law, Lewis R. Katz, has held the professorship for nearly forty years. Katz earned the A.B. from Queens College in 1959 and the J.D. from Indiana University in 1963. He taught at the University of Michigan and Indiana University before coming to CWRU in 1966. Katz was appointed the John C. Hutchins Professor of Law in 1976. He also served as Director of the Law School’s Center for Criminal Justice from 1972 till 1991. Katz is an expert on Fourth Amendment rights, criminal procedure, and search and seizure processes. He was the recipient of the first Distinguished Teacher Award from the CWRU Law School Alumni Association in 1984.

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August 31, 2015

Library Endowment Fund Namesakes - Smith Family Supported Funds

Ruth W. Helmuth was the first University Archivist for Western Reserve University (WRU) and Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), serving 1964-1985. In 1980 Lucia Smith Nash, university trustee, established the Archives Endowment Fund to be used at the discretion of the Archivist for the Archival Administration education program or the needs of the Archives. In 1986, with additional funds from Mrs. Nash and Mrs. Helmuth's brothers Paul and Carl Walter, the fund was renamed the Ruth W. Helmuth Archives Endowment Fund to support the University Archives.

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Ruth W. Helmuth

In July 2006 the University Archives became a unit of Kelvin Smith Library (KSL) and in 2011 joined with the Special Collections department and the Preservation department to form Scholarly Resources and Special Collections. Mrs. Nash, her sister Cara Smith Stirn, and her mother, Eleanor Armstrong Smith, had been strong supporters of KSL. In addition to providing earlier funds for the library building, in 1998 the Eleanor Armstrong Smith Charitable Fund made a $1.2 million gift to KSL for endowed fund. In 1999 the Board of Trustees approved the Eleanor Armstrong Smith Collections Endowment Fund and the Eleanor Armstrong Smith Memorial Endowment Fund for Kelvin Smith Library. These funds currently support purchases for Special Collections and the upgrading of Digital Case, the university’s digital repository.

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Eleanor A. Smith and Lucia Smith Nash

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August 07, 2015

One Family’s Century at CWRU

This summer the University Archives received a request from Ellen Wagner, whose son is entering CWRU this fall. Family memory holds that several of our new student’s ancestors had attended Case Western Reserve University and Ms. Wagner wondered if we could provide any information about their student days. This is not an unusual request for the Archives and legacy families are not unusual at CWRU. But the Loeb descendants were the first (to our knowledge) to incorporate student information from the Archives into a presentation at a multi-generation family reunion. Their enthusiasm was infectious and, with the family’s permission, we’re sharing a little of their story.

When Robert Wagner starts classes at CWRU later this month, it will be 100 years after his great-grandfather, Everett E. Loeb, started classes at Adelbert College, the undergraduate men’s college of Western Reserve University. In addition to his B.A. from Adelbert, Mr. Loeb also received the L.L.B. from WRU’s Law School. Everett served as president of the Menorah Society, established by Adelbert students interested in Jewish history, ideals, and problems.

Sylvia Loeb Harris, Robert’s great-great-aunt (Everett’s sister) was a 1918 graduate of WRU’s College for Women (later Flora Stone Mather College).

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Everett E. Loeb (Adelbert 1919, Law 1921) and Sylvia Loeb (College for Women 1918)

The second generation included two of Everett’s daughters, Virginia Loeb Kiine (Mather College 1948) and Nancy Loeb Jacobs (Applied Social Sciences 1953) and Virginia’s husband, Larry H. Kline (Case School of Applied Science 1945). Members of the second generation were active participants in student activities. Virginia was both treasurer and vice president of the El-Ed Club, president of Rho Delta Chi, at that time Mather’s newest sorority, and secretary of the Inter-Sorority Council. Larry was a member of Pi Sigma Delta fraternity, worked on the student yearbook, The Differential, and was a member of Case’s Debate Club.

The third generation expands to Robert’s father’s family via his uncle, Gregory P. Wagner (Weatherhead School of Management 2002).

The fourth generation, Robert Wagner, starts the family’s second hundred years at CWRU.

One hundred years. Four generations. Seven schools.

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July 27, 2015

Library Endowment Fund Namesakes - Allen Dudley Severance Fund

Allen Dudley Severance was on the faculty of Western Reserve University 1897-1920, teaching history, church history, bibliography, special bibliography, and historical bibliography for Adelbert College, the College for Women, and the School of Library Science. Severance received the A.B. and A.M. from Amherst College, the B.D. from Hartford Theological Seminary, the B.D. from Oberlin Theological Seminary, and studied at the Universities of Halle, Berlin, and Paris.

Allen Dudley Severance

He left a library of books on the Middle Ages and the Reformation and an endowment fund to the library of Adelbert College (Hatch Library). The fund was to be used for the purchase of books on medieval history, the Protestant Reformation, and related subjects. In his 1916 memorandum concerning this bequest, Severance stated, "It speaks of my interest in the work of the institution to which I have given almost two decades of my life."

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