November 25, 2015

Pink Floyd Concert at CWRU

On November 6, 1971 Pink Floyd played a concert at Emerson Gym to over 3000 people. This was part of a 27-date North American tour which began in San Francisco and ended in Cincinnati. We believe it was the first concert in Cleveland by Pink Floyd.

The entertainment section headline of The Observer (11/9/1971) read, “Pink Floyd concert - two views.”

The headline for the article by James Cunningham read, “Best concert ever.” As Cunningham recounted,

“We heard foot steps Saturday night We heard a baby cry, and the sound of birds twittering. Who was that girl we heard giggling and who was that with the axe?

“It was Pink Floyd packing them in at Emerson gym for one of the most successful concerts this school has had this year, drawing over 3000 people.

“There was Pink Floyd standing amidst a towering array of amplifiers, and electronic equipment playing for over three hours their special brand of experimental rock built on the group’s almost inexhaustible source of expression.

“Having been together for over six years they developed a sense of timing and musical sense which has been noticably [sic] lacking in many of today’s 50,000 watt groups. The audience recognized this and responded accordingly.

“It’s hard for any group to keep an audience totally absorbed, especially in Emerson where the conditions are less then adequate for such a large crowd. Pink Floyd could, lifting the listener into every world imaginable.

“Their music often relies heavily on recorded effects played with the music as in High Time Cymboline where the imaginative use of tapes let us hear the footsteps of a person as he walked from room to room. Add to this the total darkness of the gym and the excitement became stunning.

“Organist Richard Wright’s use of the melotron was another highlight of the concert. Echo stood out as his finest solo where his soaring and driving work were outstanding.

“Then there was Careful with that Axe Eugene. All I can say about this ditty is that you shouldn’t see it if you haven’t all your faculties. You’ll need them.

“There were the old favorites of course such as “Atom Heart Mother” or “Set The Controls for the Heart of the Sun.” All very enjoyable although sometimes monotonous.

“It was a successful concert. It made money and it was fine entertainment. We were crowded but after it was over all we remembered was the music. Fie on you who didn’t go.”

Concert poster, 1971

In contrast to Cunningham's article, “Terrible planning” was the headline for Anastasia Pantsios’ article. While she admired the band and their music, the venue and planning for the concert was a disaster.

“Some rock concerts seem destined to be special events. Take, for instance, the appearance of Pink Floyd this Saturday in Emerson Gym.

“Pink Floyd is the group whose innovative music was admired by the Beatles back in 1967, when Pink Floyd’s musical head trips were appreciated only by a small circle of super freaks.

“Now, many of Pink Floyd’s explorations seem almost trite, since so many other groups have adopted them in part, yet the concentrated application of strange outer-space sound effects is uniquely Pink Floyd’s and most other groups attempting to imitate them have degenerated into noisy doodling.

“Pink Floyd’s is totally head music, polar opposite to that of the ‘Git up and boogie’ school, and ideally a situation would have been provided in which the listener could sit back in comfort and sink himself mentally into the band’s deep, cerebral sound.

“Due to the most blatant example of promoter disregard for an audience that I have yet witnessed, the keen edge was taken off the music as one attempted to make oneself even slightly comfortable.

“Twenty minutes before show time the gym was already crammed and full of heavy smoke, a strain on even the strongest lungs. By the time the group began to play, there was no elbow room anywhere, people were standing eight to ten deep in the exit doors and more were sitting in the lobby. Others were turned away, even those who had purchased a ticket in advance.

“There has been much talk lately about providing a pleasant and sane atmosphere in which to listen to rock music. If ever a group deserved such an atmosphere, Pink Floyd did. It irritates me that poor planning or greed or some other motive could result in such a complete fiasco.

“Despite this, one couldn’t help admiring the creative playing of the group. Beginning with a standard blues guitar line that wouldn’t make the group stand out from twenty other good bands, they journeyed into a vast gallery of eerie sounds which surrounded the audience on all sides, making it particularly a pity that so many had to sit in the lobby.

“The group’s overall sound is slow, measured, floating and cold.

“The title of one of the numbers “Set Your Controls for the Heart of the Sun” gives a clear picture of the sort of feeling the group provokes.

“A concert by Pink Floyd is an all too rare pleasure and I hope that the next time around external matters will not intrude upon this pleasure.”

Pink Floyd played Cleveland again in 1972 at the Allen Theater. In 1977 the band played to over 83,000 at Cleveland Municipal Stadium as part of the World Series of Rock.

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November 02, 2015

Student Traditions - Mather College’s Yale-Harvard Basketball Game

Long before intercollegiate women’s basketball attracted television coverage and legions of fans, the sport was a focus of interclass rivalries at women’s colleges, Western Reserve University’s Flora Stone Mather College included. Each year class teams battled each other for supremacy. Basketball season culminated with an all-star game held in late March or early April. Two teams were made up of the best players from all four classes. A single game decided the champion. The tradition seems to have started in 1909 or 1910 and, by 1912, the team names, Yale and Harvard, had been adopted.

Mather's Harvard and Yale teams, 1918

As was typical of Mather College traditions, the annual Yale-Harvard game was no paltry affair. Varia Historia, the student yearbook, described the 1912 game, “The campus and gymnasium had been decorated with huge banners and rooters yelled and sang. Harvard produced a band and a small boy mascot and Yale a bull dog and three more baskets than their opponents.” [105] Getting into the spirit of the rivalry, the cafeteria featured back-to-back Harvard Day and Yale Day. Harvard beets were a feature of the former. There is no description of the Yale menu. Eventually, as was also typical of Mather traditions, a banquet was added to the festivities. For over fifty years the Yale-Harvard game was one of the more vigorous Mather spring traditions.

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October 23, 2015

Case Institute of Technology and Kanpur Indo-American Program

The theme of 2015 Archives Month is, Both Local and Global: STEM Activity in Ohio. As part of its international activity in the 1960s, Case Institute of Technology was one of the consortial universities involved in the development of the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IIT). ]The program was known as the Kanpur Indo-American Program (KIAP) and operated 1962-1972.

IIT at Kanpur was established in 1959 by the Indian government. The development of IIT was supported by the U. S. Agency for International Development (AID) through a consortium of 9 American universities: California Institute of Technology, Carnegie Institute of Technology, Case Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio State University, Princeton University, Purdue University, University of California, and University of Michigan. Educational Services, Inc. (a non-profit educational corporation) held the contract with AID and carried out the administrative functions and dealings with AID and the Indian government.

The U.S. institutions were responsible for: academic and professional content of the program, recruitment of faculty to serve as visiting professors at IIT-Kanpur, procurement of scientific and technical equipment and books, specialized training of IIT-faculty in the U.S., and organizational and administrative assistance.

Case signed its agreement with Educational Services, Inc. in March 1962. The Board of Trustees Executive Committee had approved the agreement and Case’s participation in the Kanpur program on 3/5/1962.

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Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru met with U.S. consortium members in New Delhi, November 1961.

One representative of each institution and one person from Educational Services, Inc. served on the Steering Committee (later known as the Consortium Committee). This committee was responsible for policy, recruitment of U.S. staff, and placement of Indian participants. Arthur H. Benade, Associate Professor of Physics, was the first Case Institute of Technology Steering Committee representative, serving 1961-1964. (Benade spent his youth in India, where his father was Chairman of the Physics Department at Forman College in Lahore, now a part of Pakistan.) Prof. Benade gave up his duties as Case Representative when he left for India in 1964 to serve as a Visiting Professor at IIT-Kanpur. The Steering Committee representatives were responsible for all program activities on their campuses.

Arthur H. Benade

Ten other Case professors and administrators provided their expertise during stays in Kanpur or service on the Steering Committee. They included (title is Case title at that time): Richard Paumen, Registrar; Joseph Pigott, Director of Physical Planning; Alfonso M. Alvarado, Assistant to the Provost for International Programs; Robert H. Scanlan, Professor of Engineering; D. Harvey Buchanan, Professor of History; Morrell Heald, Associate Professor of History; Ernest B. Leach, Associate Professor of Mathematics; Richard A. Schermerhorn, Professor of Sociology; William F. Schneerer, Associate Professor of Engineering Graphics; Robert R. Archer, Associate Professor of Mechanics.

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October 09, 2015

CWRU's International Initiatives

In its five-year Plan for Case Western Reserve University, 1990-1995, the university adopted as one of its priorities, “Global and international orientation in teaching, research, and scholarship.” At that time CWRU had students and faculty from over 70 countries and was committed to expanding previous international initiatives and developing new programs.

The Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences responded to the challenge by reviewing past programs and planning new ones. In 1993 its faculty committee, Local-INternational Konnections (LINK), issued the Report on MSASS International Activities: A Look at the Last 20 Years. LINK’s assessment of the school’s situation in 1993 was that, “international work at MSASS has increased significantly since 1990. However, in comparison to the organized structures for international work at other professional schools at CWRU, MSASS is behind considerably. At the same time, however, MSASS is probably substantially ahead of other schools of social work in the United States.”

MSASS traced its international involvement to student and faculty exchange programs in the 1920s. Students and faculty have come from Australia, Canada, Egypt, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Israel, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, New Zealand, Norway, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Uruguay, and others.

MSASS has provided technical assistance to other countries developing social work education and professional associations. Research has explored the emergence of non-profit organizations, community organizing, and needs of and services for handicapped children.

In 1999 MSASS established the Office on International Affairs and Non-Governmental Organizations. Both international field placements and local field work with an international emphasis have been offered. The Herman D. Stein Lectureship in International Social Welfare, endowed in 1999, brings prominent international figures in social work to campus annually. Among numerous global activities, Stein, Dean of the school from 1964 to 1968, was president of the International Association of Schools of Social Work, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director of UNICEF, and conducted social welfare missions all over the world.

These global perspectives and action in the field of social work education and practice have been part of the school’s proud 100-year tradition of service, teaching, and scholarship.

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September 25, 2015

Phi Beta Kappa Alpha of Ohio Chapter

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The Alpha of Ohio chapter of Phi Beta Kappa was established at Western Reserve College 10/28/1847. It was the 10th chapter established and the first chapter west of the Allegheny mountains.

Phi Beta Kappa was founded at William and Mary College 12/5/1776. An honor society in the arts and sciences, it is the country’s oldest honor society. Before the William and Mary chapter was suspended during the Revolutionary War (when the college was temporarily closed), charters were granted to Yale (1780) and Harvard (1781). According to Western Reserve University historian Frederick C. Waite, it was the connection between Yale and Western Reserve College (WRC) that led to the Alpha of Ohio Chapter.

In 1841 six members of the WRC faculty petitioned the Alpha of Connecticut chapter of Phi Beta Kappa (at Yale) to establish a chapter. Five of the six faculty members were graduates of Yale and members of Phi Beta Kappa. (By the time the charter was granted the non-Yale alumnus had left WRC and been replaced with a Yale alumnus.) The Yale chapter approved the request pending approval by the other Alpha chapters. On 10/19/1847 the Connecticut Alpha of Phi Beta Kappa granted the charter.

The WRC charter members convened on 10/28/1847 to organize a branch of Phi Beta Kappa. Elijah Barrows was appointed chairman and Henry Noble Day was appointed secretary. At this meeting the six faculty invited two other faculty members (Dartmouth alumni and Alpha of New Hampshire Phi Beta Kappa members) to unite in the organization of the Alpha of Ohio chapter.

The Alpha of Ohio charter members were: George E. Pierce,WRC president, Elijah P. Barrows, Henry Noble Day, James Nooney, Jr., Samuel St. John, Nathan P. Seymour. Faculty members Samuel C. Bartlett, and Clement Long were the two additional organizing members.

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George E. Pierce and Elijah P. Barrows

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Samuel St. John and Nathan P. Seymour

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Clement Long

The chapter was commonly referred to as the Alpha of Ohio at Western Reserve College. In 1882 Western Reserve College moved from its Hudson campus to Cleveland and became Adelbert College of Western Reserve University. The Alpha of Ohio chapter was then referred to as the Alpha of Ohio at Adelbert College.

In 1901 the College for Women faculty voted to petition for a chapter. By 1903 the petition was endorsed by 5 chapters and presented to the Senate of the United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa. In 1904 an Alpha of Ohio chapter committee was appointed to outline a plan concerning the College for Women. However, at the 6/15/1905 chapter meeting it was reported that a separate chapter could not be granted by the Senate of the United Chaptesrs to the College for Women. The custom was that 2 charters should not be granted to closely affiliated institutions. The women’s college could gain membership through the Alpha of Ohio Chapter. On 6/9/1906 the College for Women section of Alpha of Ohio was established.

After July 1931 the business of the 2 sections as it pertained to matters of common interest was conducted by an Executive Council of 6 members (3 from Adelbert College and 3 from Mather College). The chair of this council rotated every year. In 1959 the by-laws were revised and women students of Cleveland College who were candidates for the B.A. were considered for membership in the Mather section and men students of Cleveland College pursuing the B.A. were considered for membership in the Adelbert section.

After the merger of the 3 undergraduate colleges (Adelbert, Cleveland, and Mather) in 1971, the 2 Alpha of Ohio sections merged in 1972.


Phi Beta Kappa key of Charles W. Palmer, 1848 and Arthur H. Palmer, 1879, obverse and reverse

(The portraits of Barrows, Long, and Seymour hang in the University Archives. The portrait of St. John hangs in the School of Medicine. The portrait of President Pierce hangs in Adelbert Hall.)

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September 11, 2015

Namesakes - John C. Hutchins Professor of Law

In 1961 Carleton C. Hutchins bequeathed over $500,000 to establish a trust fund to support Western Reserve University’s School of Law in honor of his father, John C. Hutchins. WRU’s Trustees, in turn, established the John C. Hutchins Professor of Law, the Law School’s first endowed professorship. Elmore L. Andrews and Frederick K. Cox, the Hutchins Trust trustees, recommended that the professorship not be filled until an evaluation and plan for the school be developed. They offered to pay the cost of an extensive evaluation from the Hutchins Trust. The evaluation committee was headed by Derek C. Bok. The resulting “Bok Report,” issued in 1965, guided much of the Law School’s planning for many years.

John C. Hutchins was a distinguished Cleveland lawyer and jurist. From the 1870s through the 1890s, Hutchins served as Cuyahoga County prosecuting attorney, and Judge of the Cleveland Municipal Court and Common Pleas Court. In 1895 Hutchins was appointed Postmaster of Cleveland. Hutchins was also a member of the Cleveland School Board, the Cleveland Public Library Board, and the Cuyahoga County Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument Commission.

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Sidney B. Jacoby (left) and Lewis R. Katz (right)

The first John C. Hutchins Professor of Law, Sidney B. Jacoby, was named to the professorship in 1975. Jacoby earned the J.D. in 1933 from the University of Berlin and the LL.B. from Columbia University in 1939. From 1940 to 1957 he was an attorney for the United States in a variety of positions, including the Interior and Justice Departments. He also served on the prosecutor’s staff for the Nuremberg war crimes trials. From 1957 till 1968 Jacoby was Professor of Law at Georgetown University. In 1968 Jacoby joined the CWRU Law School faculty. He was appointed John C. Hutchins Professor of Law in 1975 and John C. Hutchins Professor Emeritus of Law in 1976. Jacoby taught and wrote extensively on civil procedure, government litigation, and comparative law.

The second John C. Hutchins Professor of Law, Lewis R. Katz, has held the professorship for nearly forty years. Katz earned the A.B. from Queens College in 1959 and the J.D. from Indiana University in 1963. He taught at the University of Michigan and Indiana University before coming to CWRU in 1966. Katz was appointed the John C. Hutchins Professor of Law in 1976. He also served as Director of the Law School’s Center for Criminal Justice from 1972 till 1991. Katz is an expert on Fourth Amendment rights, criminal procedure, and search and seizure processes. He was the recipient of the first Distinguished Teacher Award from the CWRU Law School Alumni Association in 1984.

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August 31, 2015

Library Endowment Fund Namesakes - Smith Family Supported Funds

Ruth W. Helmuth was the first University Archivist for Western Reserve University (WRU) and Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), serving 1964-1985. In 1980 Lucia Smith Nash, university trustee, established the Archives Endowment Fund to be used at the discretion of the Archivist for the Archival Administration education program or the needs of the Archives. In 1986, with additional funds from Mrs. Nash and Mrs. Helmuth's brothers Paul and Carl Walter, the fund was renamed the Ruth W. Helmuth Archives Endowment Fund to support the University Archives.

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Ruth W. Helmuth

In July 2006 the University Archives became a unit of Kelvin Smith Library (KSL) and in 2011 joined with the Special Collections department and the Preservation department to form Scholarly Resources and Special Collections. Mrs. Nash, her sister Cara Smith Stirn, and her mother, Eleanor Armstrong Smith, had been strong supporters of KSL. In addition to providing earlier funds for the library building, in 1998 the Eleanor Armstrong Smith Charitable Fund made a $1.2 million gift to KSL for endowed fund. In 1999 the Board of Trustees approved the Eleanor Armstrong Smith Collections Endowment Fund and the Eleanor Armstrong Smith Memorial Endowment Fund for Kelvin Smith Library. These funds currently support purchases for Special Collections and the upgrading of Digital Case, the university’s digital repository.

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Eleanor A. Smith and Lucia Smith Nash

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