April 08, 2019

Women’s History Month Spotlight: Claire Doran Stancik

On 4/15/1983 Claire Doran Stancik was inducted into the Case Reserve Athletic Club Hall of Fame (now called the Spartan Club Hall of Fame). She was the second woman inducted into the university’s athletic hall of fame.

Ms. Stancik was a golfing champion. She was the first (and only woman we could document in the Archives) who received a varsity letter at Western Reserve University. In 1949 WRU awarded her the varsity “R.” This was 22 years before the first varsity women’s sport at CWRU (volleyball).

Claire Doran receiving the her varsity letter

In 1940 she was known as Mary Claire Doran when she applied to Flora Stone Mather College of WRU. She graduated from Mather with a B.A. in Classics in 1945 and earned her M.A. in Physical Education in 1947 from the Graduate School. As an undergraduate she was a member of Delta Phi Upsilon sorority, Mortar Board, and the Athletic Association. She was part of the staff for the Mather Record (student newspaper) and the Polychronicon (yearbook). Stancik was also a member of Student Council. She graduated magna cum laude and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. She received the Emma Maud Perkins Latin Prize as a freshman. Stancik held a teaching fellowship in Physical Education as a graduate student.

Claire Doran as a student

Upon receipt of her degrees she was a teaching assistant at Hood College 1947-1948. Stancik then taught in the Cleveland and Cleveland Heights school districts 1948-1956. She married Robert Stancik in 1955 and had 4 children.

At age 17 in 1942 she won the first of 7 Cleveland Women’s Golf Association championships (1942, 1943, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1973). In 1949 when she received her varsity R letter, she had been the youngest woman to win the championship and the only woman to hold the title five times. She also competed in the Women’s Western Amateur Championship at the age of 18. Eventually she won 2 Women’s Western Amateur titles - in 1953 and 1954. Other accomplishments include:

-representative for the U. S. on the Women’s Amateur Golf Curtis Cup Team vs. Great Britain and Ireland in 1952 and 1954. She won all her matches.
-Ohio Women’s champion 4 times: 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954
-runnerup in the 1950 Titleholders tournament (behind the legendary Babe Didrikson Zaharias)
-won the Marion Miley Trophy in 1951 and 1953
-won the 1951 Women’s Doherty Title
-in 1976 she was inducted into the Greater Cleveland Sports Hall of Fame

Claire Doran Stancik died 11/16/2016 in Naperville, Illinois. She was survived by her husband and 4 children.

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February 27, 2019

African-American History Month Spotlight: Ruby B. Pernell

Ruby B. Pernell was a professor at the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences (MSASS), 1968-1982. She was Grace Longwell Coyle Professor Emeritus of Social Work from 7/1/1982 until her death in 2001. When appointed Acting Dean of MSASS in 1973-1974, she became the first African-American woman dean at CWRU.

Ruby B. Pernell, 1981

Pernell was born 2/21/1917 in Birmingham, Alabama and grew up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She received the B.S. in Biology (1939) and the M.S. in Social Administration (1944) from the University of Pittsburgh and her Ph.D. from the University of London, England (1959). Prior to her work at CWRU, Pernell was a Program Coordinator at Soho Community House in Pittsburgh, Professor of Social Work at the University of Minnesota, and Social Welfare Attache at the U. S. Embassy in New Delhi, India. She was a visiting Professor at the University of Denver, Atlanta University, and University of Washington.

When Dr. Pernell came to CWRU in 1968 it was as the Grace Longwell Coyle Professor in Social Work. She was offered the position in 12/1966 but wanted to fulfill her contract as Social Welfare Attache at the U. S. Embassy in India - which was completed in 2/1968. As MSASS Dean Herman Stein wrote, “The professor so named is to be one who could add to social work knowledge, who has breadth of understanding and interest, who is oriented to social philosophy and attuned to the major social problems of our society.” In accepting the offer Ruby Pernell wrote, “I really am overwhelmed and humbled by the idea that any one would think I could fittingly fill a chair commemorating Grace Coyle.”

Her scholarly interests were curriculum development, program administration, and international social welfare. In her year as Acting Dean, MSASS introduced new facets into the curriculum by adding a study sequence on Management of Human Services which was concerned with management of social agencies and program direction and planning. The School also started the first phase of a new plan for crediting work done in undergraduate social work programs. MSASS and the Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences cooperated to launch the new Bachelor of Science in Applied Social Sciences at Western Reserve College (the university’s undergraduate liberal arts college). Students in the new degree program were prepared to work in areas of manpower training, social services, corrections and community organizations. A part-time program for employed social workers to work toward their master’s degrees was in development.

In addition to her work as a faculty member at MSASS, Dr. Pernell served on the CWRU Afro-American Studies Program Advisory Committee and was the chair for several years.

She worked on social policy issues in India, the Sudan, Egypt, and Jamaica. Dr. Pernell served as consultant to several U. S. government agencies such as the U. S. Agency for International Development and the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. She published a number of articles on social group work, cross-cultural and international social welfare as well as other social welfare subjects.

Dr. Pernell was a founder of the Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups. She was active in the Council on Social Work Education, the National Association of Social Workers, the International Association of Schools of Social Work and the U. S. Committee of the International Council on Social Welfare. She served on the Peace Corps Advisory Committee and on the boards of various community groups and agencies such as the Cleveland International Program, the North Area YWCA, the YWCA of East Cleveland and the Camp Fire Girls of Greater Cleveland. She served as consultant nationally and internationally. In 1997 Ruby Pernell received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Association of Social Workers Region III.

On 2/4/2001 Ruby Pernell died at home at the age of 83.

You can read past CWRU African-American History Month recollections from 2018, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, and 2011.

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January 30, 2019

University Student Newspapers Now Online

The University Archives is happy to announce that nine student newspaper titles from the collection have been digitized and are available for online use. Each issue is full-text searchable and PDF copies are available for free download. The titles include:

Western Reserve Souvenir (1862, 1864)
Western Reserve Collegian (1863)
The Adelbert (1889/90-1902/03)
The Case Tech (1903/04-1979/80)
The Reserve Weekly (1903/04-1937/38)
Cleveland College Life (1928/29-1952/53)
The Reserve Tribune (1938/39-1968/69)
The Mather Record (1939/40-1951/52)
The Observer (1969/70-2009/10) Later issues of The Observer are already available online.

250-Pages from WRS_18621201.jpg
Page one of the Western Reserve Souvenir, December 1862

As our users are well aware, the student newspapers provide a rich source of information about student and university life.

Kelvin Smith Library contracted with DL Consulting to complete this project. The University Archives staff and students digitized 991 issues numbering 13,283 pages. Hudson Archival digitized the remaining issues from the microfilm copies. Veridian provided article segmentation and created PDF files for each issue. While optical character recognition software was run on each issue, some errors may have occurred. No corrections to the text were made. You can become a text corrector by registering on the site.

We are excited about this new online resource provided to the university community and beyond. Please explore and enjoy. You are welcome to send feedback to archives@case.edu.

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January 28, 2019

The One Hundredth Anniversary of the Michelson-Morley Experiment

In 1987, CWRU celebrated the centennial of the Michelson-Morley experiment. Albert A. Michelson was a physicist at the Case School of Applied Science and Edward W. Morley was a chemist at Western Reserve University. In their revolutionary 1887 experiment, Michelson and Morley used a device called an interferometer to measure the interference properties of light waves. Their goal was to determine how the speed of light would be affected by the directional flow of “luminiferous aether,” which was a substance that was believed to transmit light throughout space. Albert A. Michelson designed the interferometer to measure the difference between the speed of light traveling in the direction of the “aether wind,” and the speed of light traveling in the opposite direction. The Michelson-Morley experiment found that there was no substantial difference in the measurements of the speed of light, which ultimately proved that “luminiferous aether” does not exist. This groundbreaking discovery has been described as marking the birth of modern physics, and led to the development of other scientific theories, including Albert Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity, which transformed our understanding of space and time.

Model of the Michelson-Morley Interferometer, circa 1975

The Michelson-Morley Centennial Celebration, entitled “Light, Space, and Time – A Cleveland Festival,” took place at CWRU and in the surrounding area from April to December 1987. The celebration kicked off with the opening ceremonies at Severance Hall on 04/24/1987, in which the annual Michelson-Morley Award was presented to internationally renowned scientists, Robert H. Dicke and George A. Olah. From 04/24/1987 to 04/25/1987, a symposium was held on campus, entitled “The Legacy of Edward W. Morley: 100 Years of Chemistry at Case Western Reserve University.” It included lectures on chemical research given by twelve distinguished alumni, former faculty, and current faculty from CWRU.

Throughout the spring, summer, and fall, several exhibits, lectures, musical performances, and other symposia in honor of the centennial of the Michelson-Morley experiment took place on campus and in the greater Cleveland area:

From 04/25/1987 to 12/31/1987, an exhibit entitled “The Atom: Peril and Promise,” was available to the public at the Cleveland Health Education Museum. The exhibit examined the beneficial and harmful aspects of radiation. It included photographs of color drawings and paintings by survivors of the nuclear blasts at Hiroshima and Nagasaki that took place at the end of World War II. Another exhibit, entitled “The Michelson-Morley Experiment of 1887: American Science Comes of Age,” was presented at the Western Reserve Historical Society from 04/26/1987 to 09/30/1987. It included photographs, monographs, drawings, and notes by Albert A. Michelson, letters from Edward W. Morley and Albert Einstein, and a full-scale replica of the Michelson-Morley experiment constructed by CWRU students.

As part of the Frontiers in Chemistry lecture series on campus, several Nobel Laureates were invited to give guest lectures in honor of the centennial of the Michelson-Morley experiment. Manfred Eigen delivered a lecture entitled, “Evolutionary Biotechnology” on 08/27/1987, Herbert C. Brown conducted a lecture called, “A General Asymmetric Synthesis via Chiral Organoboranes” on 10/01/1987, and Derek Barton spoke about “The Invention of Organic Chemical Reactions” on 10/15/1987.

The one hundredth anniversary of the Michelson-Morley experiment was also commemorated through art. During the centennial celebration, a light sculpture entitled “Light Path Crossing,” by artist Dale Eldred, was installed on the roof of Crawford Hall. The sculpture has a large diffraction grating that separates and exhibits vibrant colors, in honor of the experiment. On 10/28/1987, the Cleveland Institute of Music Chamber Orchestra performed two works commissioned especially for the Michelson-Morley Centennial Celebration at the Cleveland Museum of Art. A musical piece for solo violin with synthesizer, harp, and percussion was performed in honor of Albert A. Michelson. In honor of Edward W. Morley, a piece for organ and chamber orchestra was performed. In addition, from 10/29/1987 to 10/31/1987, the Cleveland Orchestra presented a symphonic work by Philip Glass, that was commissioned especially for the Michelson-Morley Centennial Celebration, at Severance Hall.

Poster for the Modern Physics in America Symposium, 1987

Several scientific symposia took place on campus in October 1987, beginning with a Symposium on Science, Arts, and Humanities on 10/10/1987, in which Philip Morrison of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and other renowned speakers discussed the interrelationships among these different fields of study. From 10/21/1987 to 10/23/1987, the “Harland G. Wood Symposium in Biomedical Sciences” took place, and included a Merton F. Utter Memorial Lecture by Nobel Laureate David Baltimore. A symposium on “The Michelson Era in American Science, 1870-1930,” took place from 10/28/1987 to 10/29/1987, and included presentations on the history and philosophy of science by America’s leading historians in science and technology, as well as a keynote address by author Daniel Kevles. To round out the month of October, the last symposium of the Michelson-Morley Centennial Celebration, entitled “Modern Physics in America,” took place from 10/30/1987 to 10/31/1987. More than 1,000 people attended this symposium, and it included lectures by several Nobel Laureates: Hans A. Bethe, Philip W. Anderson, Arthur L. Schawlow, Ivar Giaever, Murray Gell-Mann, and Kenneth G. Wilson.

For more information about the Michelson-Morley experiment, and the Michelson-Morley Centennial Celebration, please consult the University Archives. In addition, the blog post, Namesakes – Morley Chemical Laboratory and Edward W. Morley, provides a brief biography of Edward W. Morley, and includes a link to more information about the Michelson-Morley experiment.

Written by Julia Teran

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