Entries for August 2005

August 31, 2005

First Issue: IEEE/OSA Journal of Display Technology

The first issue of IEEE/OSA Journal of Display Technologies has been published and is now available online through IEEE Xplore.

Sponsored by seven IEEE societies and the Optical Society of America, this interdisciplinary publication covers the theory, design, fabrication, manufacturing and application of information displays and aspects of display technology that emphasize the progress in device engineering, device design, materials, electronics, physics and reliability aspects of displays and the application of displays.

The first issue contains nearly 20 papers, covering key display technologies such as liquid crystal displays, plasma displays, organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), polymer LEDs, three-dimensional displays, projection displays, and lighting technology.

The table of contents and abstracts for all papers can be found here:
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=9425



IEEE Xplore is available to the Case community and includes access to an amazing collection of IEEE materials directly to your computer.

August 30, 2005

Open Access - Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry

BioMed Central has started publication of its newest open access journal title, the Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry.

[About Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry]
Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry is an Open Access, peer-reviewed online journal that will encompass all aspects of organic chemistry. Full research papers and preliminary communications (short reports) will be published in the journal.

The journal covers organic chemistry in its broadest sense, including: organic synthesis, organic reactions, natural products chemistry, supramolecular chemistry and chemical biology.

Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry offers organic chemists a unique opportunity to publish their research rapidly in an Open Access medium that is freely available online to researchers worldwide. In doing so it not only offers authors uniquely wide visibility and high impact, but it also ensures that their work is part of the permanent, publicly available archive of science. Open Access does not compromise the high quality of the articles published. All manuscripts submitted to the journal are subject to rigorous peer review.

August 29, 2005

IEEE Electron Device Letters - Backfile Complete

IEEE ADDS 15,000 HISTORIC ELECTRON DEVICES ARTICLES TO ARCHIVE
Continuing its plan to digitize its entire journal backfile, IEEE this month made available online versions of more than 15,000 articles from IEEE Electron Devices Society publications dating as far back as 1954. The archive now includes articles from three of the Society's most influential publications: IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices (papers from 1954 to 1987); IEEE Electron Device Letters (papers from 1980 to 1987); and the IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (papers from 1955 to 1987). Papers from 1988-forward were already available electronically. The IEEE online collection now contains more than 1.2 million documents. To view abstracts of the papers in these publications, visit:




IEEE Xplore is available to the Case community and includes access to an amazing collection of IEEE materials directly to your computer.

August 26, 2005

2005 Best Places To Work In Industry (Biobusiness)

The Scientist has issued an article the describes the best places to work in the biobusiness industry. The article lists the top 10 large and small companies. In addition, the article lists the top 10 factors people considered while surveyed for this article. The most important factor was the "work is personally satisfying." I am sure we all agree with that one.

See the full article for more information.

August 25, 2005

Employment/Salary Survey Results in Chemistry

The most recent results of the American Chemical Society (ACS) Salary and Employment Survey were recently released in the August 1st edition of Chemical & Engineering News. This year was considered a "ChemCensus" year since all working members of ACS were surveyed.

See some discussion of the results on www.chemistry.org. Some of the results include

  • Salaries show a modest increase with chemists who have not changed jobs.
  • Number of chemists out of work and seeking employment has dropped to 3.1%.
  • Percentage of respondents identifying themselves as “not white” has increased from 9.0% in 1990 to 14.2% in 2005.
  • Percentage of women in chemistry has also risen from 15% in 1985 to 25.1% today.
  • Median salary of $88,000 for men and $68,000 for women.
  • Percentage of chemists working in chemical manufacturing industries falling from 24.7% of the total in 1985 to 15.4% in 2005.

Chemical & Engineering News is available in print and online access to the Case community.

August 24, 2005

2 New Open Access Bioinformatics Journals

Libertas Academica has started publication of 2 new open access bioinformatics journals.

Cancer Informatics is a peer-reviewed, open-access research journal where those engaged in cancer research can turn for rapid communication of the latest advances in the application of bioinformatics and computational biological toward the discovery of new knowledge in oncology and cancer biology, and toward the clinical translation of that knowledge to increase the efficacy of practicing oncologists, radiologists and pathologists. See Cancer Informatics: aims and scope for more information.

Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online will began publication in the near future. Evolutionary Bioinformatics is an international, peer-reviewed journal focusing on evolutionary bioinformatics. There is growing awareness that to understand organismal form and function, through the use of molecular, genetic, genomic, and proteomic data, due consideration must be given to an organism's evolutionary context - history constrains the path an organism is obliged to take, and leaves an indelible mark on its component parts. Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online publishes papers on all aspects of computational evolutionary biology, and evolutionary bioinformatics. See Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online: aims and scope for more information.

[About Us - Libertas Academica]

Libertas Academica was launched in late 2004 when it was becoming increasingly apparent that the old, subscription-based, scholarly journal publishing model was rapidly being overtaken. Real advances in technology and its widespread availability combined with authors and librarians increasing frustrations at the established journal publishing business meant that significant changes were about to take place.

Libertas seeks to combine the very best of conventional journal publishing with the newest technology and freshest thinking in the area of OpenAccess journals. We also wish to expand the OpenAccess model to include text books.

August 23, 2005

Engineering Reading Room Update

As the new journal issues start arriving, the current issues of select titles will begin to appear in the new Engineering Reading Room (Nord Hall 508). See the Engineering Reading Room web page for a complete list of titles.

4 New Journal Titles Ordered for Reading Room

The Kelvin Smith Library has order 4 "popular science" journal titles to be included in the Engineering Reading Room. The subscriptions are expected to start by November.

  • Discover

  • Popular Science

  • Science News

  • Scientific American

In the mean time, check the Library Catalog to see what other locations carry these titles.

New Web Site on Audio Electronics

According to Knowledgespeak on August 23rd, EE Times has launched a new web site called Audio DesignLine.


[About Audio DesignLine]

The Audio DesignLine delivers critical technical information focused on the needs and interests of audio electronics engineers and engineering managers. Audio DesignLine is your source for hands-on how-to details, product announcements and reviews, expert advice and analysis, insights into industry trends, and critical news. Our coverage includes:
  • Portable Audio

  • TV and Home Entertainment

  • Satellite/Digital Radio

  • Automotive Audio

  • Audio Signal Processing



EE Times, Electronic Engineering Times, is available in print or e-format for the Case Community through the Kelvin Smith Library.

August 22, 2005

E-textbooks with expiration dates

CNET News.com recently shared a story about several universities that will be offering textbooks in PDF format. The experimental program will offer a selection of e-books to students at a 33% discount, while the print equivalents will still be offered as well. The restrictions include only having access on one computer, a 5-month expiration date, and limitations on printing the complete text. Students would also need to adapt to having the money savings up front, instead of selling books back at the end of the semester.

August 16, 2005

The Chemical Information Network

Xiaoxia Li (Chinese Academy of Sciences) wrote a thorough review of the Chemical Information Network (ChIN) in the Chemical Structure Association Trust Newsletter (Summer 2005, Issue 10, page 8).

ChIN (http://chin.csdl.ac.cn/) is a comprehensive web guide or directory of internet chemical resources, which was started in 1997. It aims to be an authoritative tool for finding current, good quality chemical information on the internet for the chemical community in China and globally. The construction of the ChIN site has been fully enhanced as the Chemistry Portal, Chinese National Science Digital Library (CSDL) since 2002. More than 10,000 web sites or pages carefully selected by the ChIN team have been indexed, accessible both in Chinese and English.



The Chemical Structure Association Trust (CSA Trust)is an internationally recognized, registered charity which promotes education, research and development in the field of storage, processing and retrieval of information about chemical structures, reactions and compounds.

August 15, 2005

Engineering Education - 2003-04 Year in Numbers

Each year the American Society for Engineering Education puts out a publication called Profiles of Engineering and Engineering Technology Colleges that details the state of engineering education. The book also provides a listing for all college enrollments, degrees awarded, faculty, and research expenditures at the undergraduate and graduate levels for Engineering and undergraduate level for Engineering Technology.



Where did Case Western Reserve University fall in the study's rankings?
  • # 16 in Biomedical Engineering Degrees Awarded by School (46)
  • # 45 in Chemical Engineering Degrees Awarded by School (36)
  • # 45 in Computer Engineering Degrees Awarded by School (43)
  • # 34 in Engineering Doctoral Degrees Awarded by School (53)
  • # 17 in Percentage of Doctoral Degrees Awarded to Women by School (22.6%)
  • # 39 in Doctoral Degrees Awarded to Foreign Nationals by School (29)
  • # 42 in Engineering Research Expenditures by School ($41.7 million)

August 12, 2005

IEEE Adds 15,000 Historic Electron Devices Articles

Through the Kelvin Smith Library, the CASE community has access to all IEEE titles through IEEE Xplore.



From IEEE announcement on August 10, 2005:

IEEE Adds 15,000 Historic Electron Devices Articles to Archive

Continuing its plan to digitize its entire journal backfile, IEEE this month made available online versions of more than 15,000 articles from IEEE Electron Devices Society publications dating as far back as 1954.

The archive now includes articles from three of the Society's most influential publications: IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices (papers from 1954 to 1987); IEEE Electron Device Letters (papers from 1980 to 1987); and the IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (papers from
1955 to 1987).

Papers from 1988-forward were already available electronically. The IEEE online collection now contains nearly 1.2 million documents.

To view abstracts of the papers in these publications, visit:

IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome.jsp?punumber=1000245

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=16

IEEE Electron Device Letters
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=55

August 11, 2005

New Safari Tech Books Available

Case Western Reserve University is a member of OhioLINK and shares in all the resources of this academic consortium.

From What's New at OhioLINK (August 10, 2005):

Twenty-nine e-books have been added to Safari Tech Books Online, a collection of more than 3,150 e-books covering computer science, information technology and related fields. In addition, Safari now offers standard and customizable RSS feeds for new and top titles. Users can find out when a new title is added to the collection, when a new title is added to a specific e-book category in the Safari Tech Books Online Collection or you can create a custom feed. See http://proquest.safaribooksonline.com/?mode=tools for details.

Some of the latest additions to the Safari Tech Books Online collection include:

  • Adobe Reader 7 Revealed: Working Effectively with Acrobat PDF Files
  • Novell ZENworks 6.5 Suite Administrator’s Handbook
  • SAMS Teach Yourself C++ in 21 Days Fifth Edition
  • Cascading Style Sheets: Designing for the Web, Third Edition
  • 802.11 Wireless Networks: The Definitive Guide
  • Adobe® Creative Suite 2 Classroom in a Book®
  • Killer Game Programming in Java
  • Absolute Beginner’s Guide to Computer Basics, Third Edition
  • Java Puzzlers: Traps, Pitfalls, and Corner Cases
  • Robin Williams Cool Mac Apps, Second Edition: A guide to iLife ’05, .Mac, and More!
  • iPod & iTunes: The Missing Manual, 3rd Edition
  • Perl Testing: A Developer’s Notebook
  • Making a Movie in Premiere Elements: Visual QuickProject Guide
  • Microsoft® Office Project Server 2003 Unleashed
  • Show Me! QuickBooks® 2005
  • eBay Hacks, 2nd Edition
  • A Practical Guide to Linux® Commands, Editors, and Shell Programming
  • Service-Oriented Architecture: Concepts, Technology, and Design
  • .Net Gotchas
  • Visual Quickpro Guide PHP and MySQL for Dynamic Web Sites, Second Edition
Whether you need a quick tech tip or have an immediate hardware or software problem to solve, turn to Safari Tech Books Online for e-books from 15 top tech publishers. This collection is available to all students, faculty and staff at OhioLINK member institutions and is accessible via any Web-enabled computer.

August 10, 2005

Five New IEEE Journal Titles in 2006

Through the Kelvin Smith Library, the CASE community has access to all IEEE titles through IEEE Xplore.


IEEE Announces Five New Journals for 2006
26 July 2005 -- Piscataway, NJ -- The IEEE has approved five new technical journals for publication in 2006, covering topics such as computational intelligence, vehicular technology, product safety engineering and information forensics. These journals will focus on emerging "breakthrough" technologies that can have a tremendous impact on industry as well as everyday lives. Titles will be available through the IEEE Xplore online delivery platform and various IEEE online collections, as well as by individual subscription.


IEEE Journal on Product Safety Engineering
Newly invented and manufactured electrical devices, particularly complex systems designed for human interaction, often pose a serious threat to the safety and well-being of their operators if they lack proper safety regulations. From fire protection to software safety, the imperative to maintain product security is at an all time high due to the rapid growth of technologies in the field of electrical engineering. Due to this growing imperative, a new forum dedicated to the enhancement of product safety has opened its doors for the sharing and development of new ideas and innovations.

IEEE Journal on Product Safety Engineering is a round-table for this forum, providing an opportunity for concepts and theories to converge and evolve out of a world-wide foundation. As stated in the IEEE Product Safety Engineering Society's constitution, the journal offers disparate key concerns surrounding the theory, design, development and implementation of product safety engineering for equipment devices used in scientific, engineering, industrial, commercial and residential arenas.

The journal will focus on the following main topics:
* Process control and automation equipment, robotics and laser optics systems, information technology equipment, semiconductor manufacturing equipment, networking systems-cabled and wireless, and software reliability for industries
* Medical devices and instrumentation
* Household appliances and other products for consumers
* Automotive, aeronautical, subspace, and underwater transportation systems
* Weapons systems, vehicles, and communications systems for military equipment
* Design safety topics


IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine
Computational intelligence is a multi-faceted discipline dedicated to the shared knowledge of design, theory, development, and application of biologically and linguistically motivated computational models.
Computational intelligence consists of a plethora of topics, such as neural networks, connectionist systems, genetic algorithms, evolutionary programming, fuzzy systems, and hybrid intelligent systems. The arena of interest that these subjects have combined to produce is overflowing with the demand for new outlets in which to merge and expand into newer, more advanced theories and innovations.

IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine is dedicated to serving this growing demand by acting as a production-base for application oriented papers pertaining to computational intelligence. Each issue will encompass the most up-to-date information on the subject, including the latest research, knowledge, and technological innovations in the field.

The journal will focus on the following main topics:
* Applications oriented development
* Successful industrial implementations
* Design tools
* Technology reviews
* Computational intelligence education
* Applied research


IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine
The future of automotive power and design depends greatly on the theoretical and practical knowledge of experienced professionals in the field of transportation, particularly those dedicated to the advancement of automotive electrical and electronic systems. Dependency on these systems is escalating due to the rising need for energy and cost-efficient fuel systems and battery powered engines. The ever-present need for an outlet into which new theories and technologies can flow and merge is crucial to the evolution of vehicular transportation systems.

IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine is a tool for engineers in the automotive transportation profession to utilize and expand on the most up-to-date research in the field. The magazine will consist of peer-reviewed articles covering the latest advances in the field, as well as the operational aspects of electrical and electronic engineering relevant to motor vehicles and associated land transportation infostructure. Some of the topics that the magazine covers will include the components, systems and motive power for propulsion and auxiliary functions, mobile radio technologies for terrestrial vehicular services, and land transportation components and systems used in both automated and non-automated facets of group transport technology. The magazine will also dedicate topical tutorials, surveys, and complete coverage of these subjects, as well as practical applications-oriented coverage of developments in varied fields of interest.


IEEE Computer Architecture Letters
Computers in the past were designed solely for one-on-one human interaction. Today, the science of computer architecture is taking computing to the next level by examining the effects of computer interaction with other computers. Through the selection and interconnection of their various hardware components, computers do not act merely as individual processors, but as conglomerate systems that meet better performance and cost efficient needs than do individual systems.

IEEE Computer Architecture Letters, a journal devoted specifically to the knowledge and advancement of computer architecture, is committed to publishing the most up-to-date, innovative and peer-oriented data in unti- and multi-processor computer systems, architecture, microarchitecture, workload characterization, performance evaluation and simulation techniques, and power-aware computing.

The journal will focus on the following main topics:
* Microprocessor and multiprocessor systems
* Microarchitecture and ILP Processors
* Workload characterization
* Performance evaluation and simulation techniques
* Complier-hardware and operating system-hardware interactions
* Interconnect architectures
* Memory and cache systems
* Power and thermal issues at the architecture level
* I/O architectures and techniques
* Independent validation of previously published results
* Analysis of unsuccessful techniques
* Network and embedded-systems processors
* Real-time and high-availability architectures
* Reconfigurable systems


IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security

Information forensics and security pertains to the importance of the diverse theory and design aspects that currently surround computer security issues and technologies. It provides a focal point for the critical research and data behind information forensics, security, surveillance, and systems applications, as well as important contributions made to these fields by mathematics and other disciplines.

IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security (previously announced) will provide a new threshold for the growing industry of information forensics and computer security to cross and expand in coming years. The periodical will offer the most current ideas and technologies surrounding coding, hardware, agents, signal processing, fingerprinting, steganography, metrics and validation, damage assessment, tracing code, and data mining for digital forensic evidence and digital watermarking.

The journal will focus on the following main topics:
* Cryptography and network security
* Digital information forensics systems
* Biometrics
* Multimedia security and content protection
* Attacks and countermeasures
* Trustworthy design and implementation
* Digital rights management


About the IEEE:
IEEE (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) is the world's largest technical professional society with more than 360,000 members in approximately 170 countries. Through its members, the IEEE is a leading authority on areas ranging from aerospace, computers and telecommunications to biomedicine, electric power and consumer electronics. The IEEE produces 30 percent of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, has more than 1.1 million technology documents online, and has developed more than 900 active industry standards. The organization also sponsors or cosponsors more than 300 international technical conferences each year. Additional information is available at www.ieee.org.

Wikipedia to Enforce Editorial Rules?

Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia that can be edited by anyone. It has recently be discussed on Tim Robson's KSL blog, as well as other Case blogs.

On August 5th, Reuters circulated a story in which one of the founders of Wikipedia said that Wikipedia "needed to find a balance between protecting information from abuse and providing open access to improve entries." Wikipedia is talking about "freezing" content once the materials is widely accepted as truth.

I wonder if more open access collaborations will also have to take this lead in order to prevent online vandalism of content?

August 09, 2005

The Growth of Blogs in Science & Industry

On August 1st, The Scientist published an article titled The Power of the Blog. The article discusses the increasing role that blogs are taking in the scientific community and industry. It does require free registration to read.

The article highlights how several scientists, especially in the pharmaceutical industry, are utilizing blogs to receive feedback on their discoveries and stay current with new developments of others. It also discusses several pitfalls of why blogging is slow to develop, such as exposure of proprietary information.

The article is interesting in that author feels that as blogging grows, the scientific publishing industry will need to adapt to this new form of communication.

August 08, 2005

New Open Access Journal - PLoS Genetics

PLoS, the Public Library of Science, announced the launch of their fourth Open Access journal on July 24th. PLoS Genetics publishes human studies, as well as research on model organisms—from mice and flies, to plants and bacteria. Topics include (but are not limited to) gene discovery and function, population genetics, genome projects, comparative and functional genomics, medical genetics, cancer biology, evolution, gene expression, complex traits, chromosome biology, and epigenetics. More information about PLoS Computational Biology can be found at the web site.

Additional titles include:
PLoS Genetics
Fulltext v1+ (2005+)

PLoS Computational Biology
Fulltext v1+ (2005+)

PLoS Biology
Fulltext v1+ (2003+)

PLoS Medicine
Fulltext v1+ (2003+)

August 05, 2005

USPTO Improves Process For Reviewing Patents

The Virtual Chase shared a link to a recent U.S. Department of Commerce’s United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) press release describing timeliness and quality improvements in the patent examination process.

[TVC Alert, 1 August 2005, Ballard Spahr Andrews & Ingersoll, LLP, http://www.virtualchase.com/tvcalert/transfer.asp?xmlFile=aug05/1aug05.xml]

August 04, 2005

Patent Reform Bill Introduced

As reported on the American Chemical Society web site, a patent reform bill (Patent Reform Act of 2005, H.R. 2795) has been introduced in the House of Representatives. The most drastic change introduced by the bill would change the United States patent system into a "first to file" rather than the "first to invent" system. The process of "first to file" is similar to the European and Japan systems.

August 03, 2005

U.S. Copyright Policies Enforced through Trade Agreements

I recently learned that trade agreements regularly include requirements for other countries to follow the same copyright laws that have been established in the United States. For example, a recent CNET news.com article, Copyright lobbyists strike again, reports that the new Central American Free Trade Agreement included various copyright restrictions and policies for enforcement.

New Open Access Journal - PLoS Computational Biology

PLoS, the Public Library of Science, announced the launch of their third Open Access journal on June 24th. PLoS Computational Biology features works of exceptional significance that further our understanding of living systems at all scales through the application of computational methods. Readers include life and computational scientists, who can take the important findings presented here to the next level of discovery. More information about PLoS Computational Biology can be found at the web site.

Additional titles include:
PLoS Computational Biology
Fulltext v1+ (2005+)

PLoS Biology
Fulltext v1+ (2003+)

PLoS Medicine
Fulltext v1+ (2003+)

August 02, 2005

In the public interest: Open access

Thanks to Ben Wagner on the CHMINF-L listserv for reminding me of this wonderful story of how open access to information can benefit everyone. I personally have heard Sharon Terry speak. She is a wonderful advocate for open access to information and an inspiration to parents that are confronted by health concerns of their children.

In the public interest: Open access
C&RL News, July/August 2005
Vol. 66, No. 7
by Sharon Terry

August 01, 2005

IEEE Announces Plan To Digitize All Of Its Journals Back To Volume One, Issue One

This announcement was recently posted on various scientific & library-related listservs.

IEEE ANNOUNCES PLAN TO DIGITIZE ALL OF ITS JOURNALS BACK TO VOLUME ONE, ISSUE ONE

25 Early Years of Flagship Journal, Proceedings of the IEEE, Online Today

June 29, 2005 -- Piscataway, NJ -- The IEEE this week announced that it has completed the first step in its plan to digitize all papers from its technology journals, back to each title's first issue.

Added to the IEEE online collection earlier today were more than 12,000 papers and articles published in the Proceedings of the IEEE from 1963 to 1987. The journal's contents from 1988 through the current issue are already available in digital format. Papers dating back to the first issue of the journal, published in 1913 as the Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers (the name of an IEEE predecessor organization), will be online in early 2006.

The IEEE digital collection now consists of nearly 1.2 million documents. Included are papers from more than 120 IEEE journals, 900 active IEEE standards, and the proceedings of 400 annual conferences. The majority of the content dates back to 1988; content from select publications back as far as 1950 was added in 2003.

"IEEE has made a commitment to digitizing our entire journal backfile, along with past editions of many of our conference publications," said Barbara H. Lange, Director, IEEE Publications Product Line Management and Business Development. "This is the first step in a two-year plan to bring our historic, scholarly content to new generations of researchers and practitioners."

"These first 25 years embody a tremendous repository of papers by visionaries of the electrical engineering profession," said Jim Calder, Managing Editor, Proceedings of the IEEE. "This collection represents a critical evolutionary period that chronicles the development of today's information age. There are literally thousands of authors included here that many people will instantly recognize as leaders in their fields and important contributors to our current level of understanding of technology. And perhaps the best part of this story is that anyone can now have instant access to the words of these outstanding IEEE contributors of the past."

The added content from the Proceedings of the IEEE is available to subscribers of the IEEE/IEE Electronic Library, which provides access to all IEEE online content. IEEE members with online subscriptions to the journal may access these papers. The papers are also available individually for online purchase. Abstracts and searchable metadata are available to all users.

Proceedings of the IEEE issues from 1963 to the present may be found online at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5

For more information, visit IEEE Xplore, the IEEE online delivery platform, at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org.


About the IEEE:
IEEE (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) is the world's largest technical professional society with more than 360,000 members in approximately 170 countries. Through its members, the IEEE is a leading authority on areas ranging from aerospace, computers and telecommunications to biomedicine, electric power and consumer electronics. The IEEE produces 30 percent of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, has more than 1.1 million technology documents online, and has developed more than 900 active industry standards. The organization also sponsors or cosponsors more than 300 international technical conferences each year. Additional information is available at www.ieee.org.