Entries for September 2005

September 29, 2005

Two Resign over ACS vs PubChem

Two members of a American Chemical Society (ACS) committee have resigned in protect of the handling of the disagreement with the National Institute of Health. See more at Science Magazine, Volume 309, Number 5743, Issue of 23 September 2005.

My previous posting in June provided more background information.

September 28, 2005

Thinking Outside the Search Box

In SearchEngineWatch, Mary Ellen Bates wrote an article about how to find things on the internet without relying solely on search engines. Using her example of finding information on the trends in the U.K. market for Internet phones, otherwise known as VOIP (voice over Internet protocol), she walks you through her entire search process. By following her search process, you can learn a lot about developing an effective search process of your own.

Some keys search skills or resources she addressed included:

September 27, 2005

New Case Publication: Entropic Characterization of Mixing in Microchannels

Entropic Characterization of Mixing in Microchannels
Marco Camesasca and Ica Manas-Zloczower
Department of Macromolecular Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106
Miron Kaufman
Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115

Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Vol: 15, Issue: 11, November 01, 2005 pp. 2038-2044

Abstract

A methodology for rigorous mixing assessment in microchannels is presented. The analysis is based on numerical simulations of flow in different geometries coupled with mixing assessment using entropic measures. The results show enhanced mixing efficiency for the staggered herringbone micromixer by comparison with a mixer with straight diagonal ridges and a lack of mixing in a non-patterned channel. These results are in agreement with published experimental data.

Availability for Case Faculty, Staff, & Students:

September 26, 2005

Broadband Adoption in the United States: Growing but Slowing

Pew Internet & American Life Project has published a report that demonstrates that broadband access is growing, but the rate of growth is slowing down.

The report argues that, while broadband adoption has grown quickly in recent years, there are reasons to believe that it is slowing. The report develops a model of broadband adoption that hypothesizes that the intensity of online use is the critical variable in understanding the home high-speed adoption decision and the trajectory of the adoption curve. Using national survey data from 2002 and 2005, the paper shows that the role of online experience in explaining intensity of internet use has vanished over this time frame; the explanatory effect of having a broadband connection has grown. This suggests that relative to 2002 there is not much pent-up demand for high-speed internet use at home.

[Our Mission (Pew Internet & American Life Project)]
The Pew Internet & American Life Project produces reports that explore the impact of the Internet on families, communities, work and home, daily life, education, health care, and civic and political life. The Project aims to be an authoritative source on the evolution of the Internet through collection of data and analysis of real-world developments as they affect the virtual world.

The basis of the reports are nationwide random digit dial telephone surveys as well as online surveys. This data collection is supplemented with research from government agencies, academia, and other expert venues; observations of what people do and how they behave when they are online; in-depth interviews with Internet users and Internet experts alike; and other efforts that try to examine individual and group behavior. The Project releases 15-20 pieces of research a year, varying in size, scope, and ambition.

September 22, 2005

Journal of International Medical Research - Open Access Journal Title

Thanks to George S. Porter on the CHMINF-L listserv for sharing this announcement on this new open access journal. Journal of International Medical Research provides articles free on the Internet, because it operates under a page sponsorship fee system.

[About Journal of International Medical Research]

Founded in 1972, The Journal of International Medical Research has established itself as a leading journal for rapid publication of original medical, pre-clinical and clinical research.

Clinical and pre-clinical studies are welcomed as are reviews, case reports, preliminary communications and studies on new indications or new formulations of established products. Post-marketing surveillance, pharmacoeconomic and managed care studies are also invited.

Journal supplements for symposium proceedings, summaries of presentations or collections of medical, pre-clinical or clinical data on a specific topic are published and enquiries from potential sponsors of these are welcome.

All medical areas will be considered for publication including animal pharmacology, clinical pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, drug metabolism, toxicology, teratology and clinical trials.

September 21, 2005

Immunome Research - New Open Access Title

Thanks to George S. Porter on the CHMINF-L listserv for sharing this announcement on this new open access journal. BioMed Central has started publication of its newest open access journal title, Immunome Research.

[About Immunome Research]

Immunome Research is an Open Access, peer-reviewed, online journal integrating traditional laboratory research with the latest technologies, including genomics, bioinformatics and mathematical modelling.

Immunome Research is a journal of the International Immunomics Society (IIMMS). The journal aims to provide a focal point for the field of Immunomics, which lies at the intersection between traditional laboratory research and the latest research technologies. It thereby includes the sub-speciality immunoinformatics, as well as the application of large-scale genomics to the immune system. Rapidly expanding areas of particular interest include the predicting of MHC-peptide binding, mathematical modelling of viral/host interactions, and the use of gene expression arrays to model immune system pathways.

To date there has been no specialty journal covering this new and rapidly expanding domain. Researchers published their immunomics research either in general immunology journals or in bioinformatics journals. These journals generally do not have ready access to expert reviewers with knowledge in both domains - i.e. traditional immunology and bioinformatics/modelling. Furthermore, researchers interested in reading more in the area cannot easily access or find relevant articles, which are sprinkled across many different journals. The International Immunomics Society (IIMMS) has a rapidly growing membership that has expressed the need to have a high quality specialist journal to provide consistent standards to the field and provide a focal point for growth of this area.

September 20, 2005

National Chemistry Week (October 16-22, 2005) - The Joy of Toys

Join the American Chemical Society in celebrating National Chemistry Week from October 16-22, 2005. This year's theme is "The Joy of Toys."

[About National Chemistry Week]

National Chemistry Week is a community based program of the American Chemical Society (ACS). This annual event unites ACS local sections, businesses, schools, and individuals in communicating the importance of chemistry to our quality of life.

[About ACS]

The American Chemical Society is a self-governed individual membership organization that consists of more than 158,000 members at all degree levels and in all fields of chemistry. The organization provides a broad range of opportunities for peer interaction and career development, regardless of professional or scientific interests. The programs and activities conducted by ACS today are the products of a tradition of excellence in meeting member needs that dates from the Society's founding in 1876.

September 19, 2005

Thomson Scientific Laureates

Thomson Scientific, based on total citation counts from its ISI Web of Knowledge product, has predicted the 2005 Nobel Prize winners in chemistry, economics, physiology or medicine, and physics.

(Originally posted by Bob Michaelson on the STS-L listserv.)

September 14, 2005

Chemical Market Reporter Online

Chemical Market Reporter is one of the key resources used to find chemical prices. The print version no longer carries the chemical prices, and has been reduced to industry and market news.

The online version has been made available for the Case community. To search chemical process and profiles, access the online version of the Chemical Market Reporter, by using this link. It requires you to enter your Case Network ID in order to attain the password for the resulting web site. The password will change periodically for security, so this procedure is recommended each time a person needs access. The company is working on an IP recognition solution, but Case's numerous IP addresses were too much for their system to handle properly.



Reminder:
Electronic journals may be listed in the Library Catalog, but for the most complete list please see the E-Journal Portal. The E-Journal Portal includes journals from within databases or available by open access, that are not list in the Library Catalog.

September 13, 2005

Google versus Libraries

In the August 15th issue of Forbes, Stephen Manes discusses the resources that libraries offer which Google cannot match. He touches on examples of several resources, include full-text materials that are usually exclusive to library users.

Just viewing this article can show a user why libraries can be superior to the Internet in locating resources. Forbes.com has made the article available, but a person must register first to see it. The Kelvin Smith Library has several methods to access this article for free for faculty and students, which becomes obvious when you search the E-Journal Portal.

September 12, 2005

Tips for Research

Did you know that the Kelvin Smith Library maintains a web page of tips for those getting ready to start research? To get some direction in your research visit the How do I? web page.

In addition, each librarian at the Kelvin Smith Library specializes in specific subjects, and provides resources for their faculty and students. Visit the Research Guides for direction within a specific subject area.

September 09, 2005

Is 50% of all scientific papers in error?

EngLib on August 31st, 2005, shared information on an article which suggests that 50% of all scientific papers present the wrong conclusion.

The New Scientist contained a short article with a summary and some commentary. The original article, Why Most Published Research Findings Are False, can be found on PLOS Medicine's web site.

[About PLoS Medicine]

PLoS Medicine is an open-access, peer-reviewed medical journal published monthly, online and in print, by the Public Library of Science (PLoS), a nonprofit organization. The inaugural issue was launched on 19 October 2004.

September 08, 2005

Grand Opening Freedman Center

KSL is pleased to announce the official opening of The Samuel B. and Marian K. Freedman Digital Library, Language Learning, and Multimedia Services Center. The space to take you "from inspiration to presentation," the Freedman Center is the result of collaboration between the Kelvin Smith Library, the College of Arts and Sciences, and Information Technology Services' (ITS) department of Instructional Technology and Academic Computing (ITAC).

The Freedman Center transforms how Case individuals learn and integrate new technologies into the research process and final results. A rich environment for creative projects, collaboration and learning, the self-serve Freedman Center allows for exploration and learning with tools that are readily available to the consumer. Learn at in the Freemdan Center, to enrich your work at Case...and beyond, for continuous learning possibilities.

Grand Opening activities begin Friday, September 9th, 11:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m. Join us for:

  • Prizes (iPod Shuffles, USB memory sticks)
  • Food
  • Tours

Stop in to see what you've been hearing about!


Check out an iBook to use in KSL, or headphones to brush up on your language skills, or a camera to document an event. Check out the group workstations, language computers, scanning stations, consultation space, and AV options, at our Grand Opening Celebration!

September 07, 2005

Google Keyword Searching

Thomas Mann, a Reference Librarian in the Main Reading Room of the Library of Congress, provided a nice summary of why Google's keyword searching will never replace the Library of Congress and other library-related classification schemes in scholastic research.

September 06, 2005

Origin of BLAST and the Explosion of Bioinformatics

The Scientist (v.19:16, p.21, August 29, 2005) has an article about the history of BLAST and how the code allows scientists to compare a gene sequence against GenBank. Some of the off-the-chart numbers include GenBank had over 40 million sequences at the end of 2004, and that the National Center for Biotechnology Information commits 158 two-processor computers to gene sequence queries.

September 02, 2005

Environmental Health & Safety Research on Nanoparticles

As reported in the August 31, 2005, Knowledgespeak Newsletter, the Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology (CBEN) of Rice University and the International Council on Nanotechnology (ICON) have released a free online database covering scientific findings related to the risks and benefits of nanotechnology. The environmental health and safety (EHS) resource, the first of its kind in the world, aims to combine vast amounts of scientific content on the effects of nanoparticles.



[CBEN Vision]
This Center aims to shape nanoscience into a discipline with the relevance, triumphs, and vitality of a modern day polymer science. Both fields have at their core a complex class of materials, are highly interdisciplinary enterprises, and have enormous potential for spawning technology. Unlike polymer science, however, nanoscience is in its infancy, and its maturation into a discipline to rival polymer science is unlikely to happen spontaneously. The Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology fosters the development of this field through an integrated set of programs that aim to address the scientific, technological, environmental, human resource, commercialization, and societal barriers that hinder the transition from nanoscience to nanotechnology.

[ICON Mission Statement]

ICON’s mission is to assess, communicate, and reduce nanotechnology environmental and health risks while maximizing its societal benefit.

September 01, 2005

Information Sources in Engineering

Randy Reichardt, on the Scitech Library Question, shared his review of Information Sources in Engineering (4th Ed.), edited by Roderick A. MacLeod and Jim Corlett.



The Kelvin Smith Library owns a copy in the Quick Reference collection at the KSL Reference Desk, and a 2nd copy at the small reference collection that supports that Engineering Librarian's office hours from Nord Hall.

Get more information about the Engineering Reading Room and related office hours from the KSL web page about the services.