Entries in "Libraries & Librarianship" ( for this category only)

Fido to Reduce Stress in Library

The Yale Law Library is piloting the ability to checkout a therapy dog for 30 minutes to reduce stress levels. I wonder how many of the checkouts will be library staff?

Source: Law library offers dog for check-out | Yale Daily News

I Like Big Books - Dowell Middle School

Very cute and catchy in its message.

Free Pinboard Accounts for Librarians

From now until January 1, Pinboard is offering free Pinboard accounts to librarians.

Might be an alternative to consider since it was leaked that Delicious will be mothballed by Yahoo.

Books for Christmas???

For all my library friends, have a nice holidays.

Ohio Wind-related Manufacturing Mentioned at ALA Conference

I am attending the Midwinter Conference of the American Library Association in Boston. I did not attend this specific session but Al Gore was one of the invited speakers. He specifically mentioned Cardinal Fastener in Ohio and how advanced energy has revitalized the company.

Eleventh Annual Arthur Curley Memorial Lecture
Saturday, January 16, 2010, 1:30- 2:30 pm
Featuring Al Gore

Library Advocacy Day

Library Advocacy Day from ALA Washington on Vimeo.

For one year only, Library Advocacy Day will replace National Library Legislative Day (NLLD). On June 29, 2010, library advocates from all 50 states and Washington, D.C. will meet at Upper Senate Park on the U.S. Capitol grounds. The event, which will begin at 11 a.m., will feature guest speakers, photo ops, and a chance to cheer on libraries! After the rally, participants will meet with their elected officials and their staffs.

Project Gutenberg Texts on iPhone

Project Gutenberg, actually the e-reader that had access, was originally banned from the iPhone due to access to the Kama Sutra. It is now allowed. I am guessing there is much more "porn" on the iPhone than the text of the Kama Sutra.

See full story on WIRED.

Kindle DX

You may have recalled well over a year ago I wrote a blog post about the Kindle being used for textbooks. Well the idea has now taken form at Case Western Reserve University as we are a partner in experimenting with the new Kindle DX.

Career in Science Librarianship

I was very honored recently to be interviewed by Lucas Laursen for an article he was preparing for Science Careers (from the journal Science).

The article, called Looking Up Your Career at the Library, was collection of thoughts by several science librarians that made the transition from the traditional science career path to libraries.

Tradition versus Evolution of Libraries on the Web

Smithsonian 2.0: Web Tech Guy and Angry Staff Person

I have heard almost everyone of these comments at one of my presentations, classes, or discussion about web 2.0 technologies and the evolution of libraries on the web.

Thank you Michael Edson for bringing the positives and negatives together in a creative way.

Kindle 2.0 in February

It appears the next generation of Amazon's Kindle will be introduced on February 9th according to the New York Times (January 27, 2009). Someone has even leaked some pictures.

Sadly, it look like we will still be waiting for color.

ALA to promote Midwinter Meeting programming in Second Life

If you cannot attend the American Library Association Midwinter meeting in Denver, you can participate from January 23-26, 2009, in the virtual environment of Second Life. Make sure to check out ALA's Second Life agenda for more details.

Library Greeter - Armored Video Action Figure

Here is a door greeter you do not see everyday. The Library Journal, 1/16/2009, reports that the University of California San Diego (UCSD) Science & Engineering Library entrance is now guarded by a "six-foot tall Chameleon JumpSuit comes from the popular Journeyman Project's “Legacy of Time” computer video game". It was donated by alumni.

“hi-fi sci-fi library” video

From the Libraryman Blog check out the story behind this video looking to the future of technology in libraries.

It is catchy. (Does that make me a nerd?)

The People of Web 2.0

I have given dozens of presentations and led many discussions on web 2.0 for various audiences. In addition, I teach a 2-day workshop for the Kent State University School of Library & Information Science so that future librarians are not afraid to "play" in this user-generated social web environment.

If you talk to anyone associated with one of my activities, I focus the discussions on people rather than the tools. I show the tools and the students play, but we also come back around to the user of the tool on the other end of the 'net. The tools come and go with no rhyme or reason, but the pull of people is driven by specific needs and desires! I feel for librarians and information professionals to be equal partners in the new web phenomena, we must understand the human drive or addiction to the social web.

I have seen the first talk/presentation/movie that really highlights the points I try to make. I am sure this video collaboration led my Dr. Michael Wesch does it much more eloquently than my attempts.

Anyone that wants to understand the viral nature of the web must watch this presentation. It is almost an hour but it beats any prime-time reality TV show I have seen recently.

By the way...
He talks about "gaming the system" where the middle frame of your video becomes the thumbnail that everyone sees. After watching this movie, you have to ask yourself did he purposely use the kids to drive traffic? Hmmm?

I thank Bill Claspy my colleague in the Kelvin Smith Library for making sure on added this to my consumption of everything web 2.0.

Increasing the Value of Our History with the Web

I am a little behind on my blogging. Now that I have taken a breather, I am looking to jump start things.

On May 8, 2008, I was invited to deliver the Plenary session for the Society of Ohio Archivists at their Spring Program. I was asked to bring my knowledge of web 2.0 to a group that sees the possible advantages but often is very early in implementation. It is exciting to speak at a meeting that I would not normally attend. Even though I was asked to share and set the tone for the meeting in terms of what web 2.0 offers for libraries, archives, historians, etc., I found I left the meeting with a list of sites and tools to explore myself.

Citricon: Library Defender

The Orange County Library System (Orlando, Florida) has created its own game to promote its gaming activities for patrons.

It also created a video on YouTube to promote it.

Sticker Shock - Take 2

Do you know how much journals cost, especially in science and engineering?

Cornell University Library uses real world purchases to show you how much libraries invest in your education and research needs. Check out Sticker Shock 2 for more information. I am scared when they compare journals to cars and international trips.

The original Sticker Shock was completed in 2002.

Libraries Exploring Their Second Life

I was recently contacted by the State Library of Ohio to write an article on Second Life for their monthly newsletter in January.

In my article, Libraries Exploring Their Second Life, I highlight how libraries and other organizations are utilizing Second Life. I focused on Ohio but included other examples as well.

From the File of Where Else Did They Look

I found this video about Gmail discussed in a Walking Paper blog entry. In general the video is Gmail engineers reading emails they receive from happy users. The last one in the video was a freshman chemical engineering student who was working on a group project and the answer the group needed appeared in the targeted Gmail ads. The Google engineer said "this person was able to use gmail ads to find something she couldn’t find anywhere else".

Really? I did a similar project on photoremediation during my undergraduate degree in chemical engineering and I found all the necessary information from the library.

I have two concerns with this video and the suggestions made. First, I question where else did these students look. Second, Google is doing some wonderful things but they are not the only source. It leads me to challenge are libraries doing enough to be in front of the users eyes.

Other Kindle Information

Reverse Engineer Finds Kindle's Hidden Features from Slashdot (January 4, 2008)
Things were found such as Google Maps, minesweeper game, and other features.

A New Jersey Library Starts Lending Kindles from Library Journal (12/13/2007)
The Sparta Public Library, NJ bought two $399 Kindles and loans them to patrons.

Kindling? Amazon's eBook Reader, Kindle, Is Latest Device To Fire Up the Market from Library Journal Academic Newswire (11/20/2007)
Includes some quotes from a discussion on the Web4Lib Electronic Discussion list.

Amazon Kindle - Academic Uses

Since I work in an academic library, I want to discuss how I think Amazon's Kindle has opportunities to explore in academia.

I get students all the time that want the opportunity to download electronic versions of their textbooks to their laptop or other device. The size and sometimes the number of textbooks in a given semester makes them practical in a dorm room, but not in the classroom. Students often already carry laptops or other materials and
do not want to lug books as well. If they could include all their text books on a Kindle for in the classroom usage or studying when away from their dorms, it can be a great market to pursue.

Textbooks in the Library
Many libraries do not buy textbooks for their collections. There is an expectation that students purchase their needed books. Textbooks become dated too quick and would gather dust on library shelves that could be used for other materials. To be fair a library would be forced to keep textbooks on reserve so they are always available for usage. Keeping hundreds of textbooks on reserve causes many space concerns. What if libraries had a few Kindles available that contain the current e-versions of the school's textbooks?

Best Sellers, Leisure Books, or Other Rarely Used Materials
Many academic libraries provided limited access to best sellers or other leisure reading materials. Students are often forced to locate the local public library or purchase online from companies like Amazon. What if libraries had Kindles available and the library staff purchased patron-requested items? Many libraries already spend money on interlibrary loan, so would this be any different?

Departmental Training Tool
Many departments circulate books or journals for their staff to read as a professional development or awareness tool. Could a Kindle serve a similar role?

Laboratory or Clinical Usage
Would researchers use a Kindle with all their reference manuals, books, and data loaded on it?

Roving Reference
We have seen many libraries that now offer "roving reference" where the librarians come to the user rather than sitting behind a desk. Would a Kindle with the standard reference books be used to support this type of service?

Amazon Kindle - User Experience

I was able to get my hands on a Amazon Kindle for a few days. I will write at least a couple of posts on what I think. First, I will write on the user's experience and than my thoughts on the Kindle in academia.

I was very impressed with the overall usability. The text reads just like traditional print text. It has none of the glare or backlighting of other electronic devices. The size is that of an average book, and the weight is only slightly more.


  • Readability - Reads likes traditional printed media.
  • Portability - Has built-in memory, plus can uses SD memory cards.
  • Extras: Plays MP3s from built-in speaker or headphone jack.
  • Does not require wifi access points as it uses Sprint's network at no additional cost to the user.
  • Includes QWERTY keyboard that can be used for searching within text, annotations, and other uses.
  • Adjustable text size should be a strong selling point for those with eye problems that may have trouble getting access to other print materials.
  • Purchase books, magazines, and newspapers.


  • Price: $400 - Do I need to say more?
  • Carrying case - Designed to imitate a book cover, but I do not think it will last long. It does press on the keys and I think over time the Kindle will start to slide out.
  • Only back and white text, no color.
  • Scroll wheel and the menu system assumes everyone is familiar with an iPod-like system. I showed it to a small group of people in a meeting and only 2 of the 6 instinctively understood how to use it.
  • Requires two hands to hold, unless you have fairly large hands.
  • Only uses a single cellular network for online access - Sprint. How good is Sprint's coverage in all areas? I do not know personally.
  • Limited to Amazon's selections for purchases with rights restrictions in place.
  • Charged to read blogs and there are only specific ones available.
  • 10 cents to send files to your Kindle and I have heard that not all file formats cooperate.


  • Construction - Will it hold up over long-term use?
  • Availability - Amazon constantly lists it as sold out.

I do think it has a future. As the prices falls over time, it will gain popularity. I think it can be a strong sell in certain user markets, such as travelers, people that do not purchase books for their own collection, and techies. At $400, I will not be buying one anytime soon.

ALA Midwinter 2008


I will be heading to Philadelphia for ALA Midwinter in January. I will post my plans and updates here.

Anyone else going?

Cleveland Public Library in SL: Grand Opening

Cleveland Public Library had their Grand Opening in Second Life on November 16th, 2007.

See the full photo set from my Flickr account. Or visit the Cleveland Public Library in SL.

Cleveland Public Library in SL, originally uploaded by bcg8.

Cleveland Public Library has a Second Life

Cleveland Public Library is making its debut in Second Life this Friday. Here is the full announcement from Library Geek Woes:

Cleveland Public Library, of Cleveland, Ohio, is opening a new sim on Friday, November 16th. Cleveland Public Library is the third largest public research library in the United States, and also is the largest repository of chess-related items in the world. The island includes playable, life-size chess sets, and the Main Library building currently features an exhibit of historical chess sets owned by the library in real life. Also be sure to check out the Photo Gallery (believe us, you'll know it when you see it!), where we have an exhibit of sheet music related to Cleveland and Ohio.

The sim will open to the public at 7pm EST with tours as time and guides allow. Grand opening activities will include two live music performances: Picker Apogee at 8pm and Nad Gough at 10pm. A costume contest for the best chess-related costume will take place at 9pm, with a $1000 Linden dollars grand prize to the winner. The life-size chess sets will also be available for casual or competitive play. Please IM Lebachai Vesta with any questions. Please join us to celebrate this major opening in Second Life!

SLURL: Cleveland Public Library

More information was shared at PLSL 2.0 - Public Libraries in Second Life blog in a recent post.

Blog Named Top 100 Education Site for Entrepreneurs

In a blog post called Hidden Gems: The 100 .edu sites every Entrepreneur Should Read by Jessica Hupp, my blog was listed with others in the Knowledge & Information category.

At the root of every institution of learning is information. These libraries, defenders of free knowledge, and business training sites have a lot of information to offer entrepreneurs.
The Bootstrapper blog is a resource for any small business owner operating on a shoestring budget, and provides tips on financing, cash flow, low-cost marketing and small business loans.

Presentation at ALAO Annual

I survived the ALAO Annual Conference. I was on the planning committee, and specifically arranged the vendor area. Here is my presentation on Second Life that I gave at the Conference.

Library 2.0 Roundup

Jennifer Macaulay, a graduate student in the masters of library science program at Southern Connecticut State University, has put together a very helpful collection of resources about web 2.0 and libraries on her blog called Life As I Know It.


MathSciJournalWiki is a freely-editable resource for information on scholarly journals, especially in mathematics. It aims to be a central resource for understanding the journal system, both in its academic and economic aspects.

It lists the price history and numbers of pages for many of the journals used in mathematics and physics. It also highlights various news in the math and science publishing industry.

What is Second Life Best At?

I have done many talk on how libraries are using web 2.0 technologies to supplement and/or provide new services and resources. I often mention Second Life as a possibility that many libraries and librarians are exploring. The common question is "what can it offer that we do not already do". In my personal experience, SL is best for collaboration and programming. It offers another mechanism to offer presentations, discussions, and education opportunities. It works best if you can go beyond the real world physical environments we already react in.

I challenge people to create things in SL that we do not or cannot do in real life. At that point, it becomes valuable.

SL is great for 3-D modeling, recreation of historical events, or other themed environments. These types of educational activities would be very expensive to recreate on a life-size scale and to bring together all the experts needed.

Here is a nice example of a unique activity that can be accomplished in virtual environments, not just SL. Have you ever imagined walking through the environment created in artworks, movie, or TV?

If you want to see how this would made, visit the blog entry describing Robbie Dingo's SL machinima.

Anthropologist Studies Second Life

A Chronicle of Higher Education Podcast interviews an anthropologist that spent the last two years studying Second Life. Tom Boellstorff from the University of California at Irvine will have a book released in the future to share his findings.

One finding he had was how important SL was to those with disabilities. Maybe this is the niche libraries should focus on as a priority in SL rather than trying to recreate traditional library programming and resources.

TechConnections 8

I presented at TechConnections 8 in June of 2007. I posted my presentation in the past and shared some insight from Michael Stephens and his presentation. TechConnections 8 has posted other presentations as well, including:

  • Windows Vista: Is Your Library Ready?
  • What Does Windows Vista Mean for Directors?
  • Microsoft Office 2007: A Quick Look
  • How to Hack Your Director
  • The Synaptic Library
  • Google Tools for a Great Web Site
  • PC Sign-up Systems

Resources, Data, or Tools

Are libraries offering resources, data, or tools to support instruction? Is the difference in the actual terms used just word play? Do libraries not market tools for instruction and only focus on research? Are library tools not good enough?

The Wired Campus (Chronicle of Higher Education, August 8, 2007) highlights a project asking educators their top ten lists of learning TOOLS. It has caused a ripple in the library profession communication channels as NOT one library tool once mentioned by the first 88 learning professional to respond.

Some have proposed that there is a difference between information resources and learning tools. Libraries do advertise and promote many of the learning tools mentioned but none of the subscription-based or library-design resources made the list.

I think all might be true.

First, surveys should define the meanings of words. But another view is that libraries have a reputation of developing our own terminology. Does that terminology make sense to users? Maybe library patrons do not fully grasp the words "database" or "resource". Maybe the simpler word "tool" is easier to grasp.

Second, libraries have always been good at marketing to people in the physical buildings, but marketing to more and more online patrons can be tough. Online competition is severe.

Finally, maybe we are not focused enough on instruction as a reason to use the library resources. I openly promote a database called Knovel as an instruction tool. I would not take credit for that stance though. One of my professors shared with me how he uses it for in the classroom activities. He feels it is a strong method to demonstrate chemical engineering calculations and develop real understanding. It is closer to how graduates would conduct such calculations in the real world.

Second Life Bans Most Gambling

There have been many educators and librarians that have disliked Second Life due to the plethora of "real world" type activities that are duplicated, such as gambling and/or porn. Second Life has recently announced that they are now following U.S. laws by banning gambling on sporting events, games of chance, and the traditional casino-style games.

I am sure the SL entrepreneurs will find others ways to survive.

SPARC Video Contest

Check out this video contest!

SPARC Announces Mind Mashup:
A Video Contest to Showcase Student Views on Information Sharing

Wikipedia Founder Jimmy Wales and Documentary Filmmaker Peter Wintonick Among Judges Selecting $1,000 Prize Winner

Washington, DC - July 25, 2007 - SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) today announced the launch of the first annual SPARC Discovery Awards, a contest to promote the open exchange of information. Mind Mashup, the theme of the 2007 contest, calls on entrants to illustrate in a short video the importance of sharing ideas and information of all kinds. Mashup is an expression referring to a song, video, Web site or software application that combines content from more than one source.

Consistent with SPARC's mission as an international alliance of academic and research libraries promoting the benefits of information sharing, the contest encourages new voices to join the public discussion of information policy in the Internet age. Designed for adoption as a college or high school class assignment, the SPARC Discovery Awards are open to anyone over the age of 15.

Contestants are asked to submit videos of two minutes or less that imaginatively show the benefits of bringing down barriers to the open exchange of information. Submissions will be judged by a panel that includes:

  • Aaron Delwiche, Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas
  • José-Marie Griffiths, Professor & Dean at the School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Rick Johnson, communications consultant and founding director of SPARC
  • Heather Joseph, Executive Director of SPARC
  • Karen Rustad, president of Free Culture 5C and a senior at Scripps College majoring in media studies
  • Jimmy Wales, founder of Wikipedia
  • Peter Wintonick, award-winning documentary filmmaker and principal of Necessary Illusions Productions Inc.

"I'm very proud to be judging this contest," said Karen Rustad. "When it comes to debates over Internet information policy, students are usually subjects for study or an object for concern. I can't wait to see what my contemporaries have to say about mashup culture and open access to information once they're given the mike -- or, rather, the camera."

The contest takes as its inspiration a quote from George Bernard Shaw: "If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange these apples then you and I will still each have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange these ideas, then each of us will have two ideas."

Submissions must be received by December 2, 2007. Winners - including a first-place winner and two runners up - will be announced in January 2008. The winner will receive $1,000 and a "Sparky Award." The runners up will each receive $500. Winning entries will be publicly screened at the American Library Association Midwinter Conference in January 2008 in Philadelphia and will be prominently featured in SPARC's international advocacy and campus education activities.

For further details, please see the contest Web site at http://sparkyawards.org.

SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), with SPARC Europe and SPARC Japan, is an international alliance of more than 800 academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication. SPARC is a founding member of the Alliance for Taxpayer Access, a coalition of patient, academic, research, and publishing organizations that supports open public access to the results of federally funded research - including research funded by the National Institutes of Health. SPARC is on the Web at http://www.arl.org/sparc/.

Going Gothic with other SL Librarians

Librarians within Second Life get together for various social events to talk, share stories, and interact. The Second Life Library 2.0 dance party was on July 6, 2007. The theme was gothic and I won the award for best male costume.

From D.C.

Originally uploaded by bcg8
I hope to learn plenty at ALA Annual and I will share as much as possible.

Laura Solomon on Second Life

As I mentioned before I attended TechConnectons 8, the other day. I attended a session by Laura Solomon (Lebachai Vesta in SL) on Second Life. It was perfect timing for me as I was preparing my own presentation on Second Life.

There was a couple stats or ideas she shared that I wish the same thing could be said about our libraries:

  • Doubling Rate is every 7 months
  • Approxmately 10% of the participants spend 80+ hours per week in SL
  • Second Life was named one of the most influential sites for the 2008 election

Could you imagine if libraries could say the same thing?

TechConnections 8 and Michael Stephens

I was also lucky enough to attend two sessions by Michael Stephens at TechConnections 8. Even more valuable was the time we spent away from the conference discussing libraries, education, future goals, and everything else under the sun over lunch at a local Dublin, Ohio restaurant.

1. Hyperlinked Library: Trends, Tools and Technologies (Michael Stephens)
2. Technology Trends (Michael Stephens)

See his bibliography for these talks.

Some new things I picked up and need to explore:

Michael Stephens on Library 2.0
Originally uploaded by bcg8

Presented Web 2.0 at TechConnections 8

I presented on web 2.0 at TechConnections 8 on June 11, 2007. It was a wonderful experience. I have presented on web 2.0 previously, but never to a group of public librarians and administrators. They had great questions. And as always, I walked away with some new contacts and some new web/library 2.0 tools to explore.

I will do a separate post on my learnings and experience as soon as I go through all my notes.

Few Posts Lately - Been Busy

I have been quite busy with various personal projects, and my library has been doing special summer projects lately.

Let me share some happenings...

I recently gave a presentation for NOTSL (Northern Ohio Technical Services Librarians) on May 24, 2007.

Russ Crabtree of Holy Cow Consulting gave a presentation on perceptions. It was quite interesting. He had the group participate in several exercises that showed how our personal perceptions and bias can skew our interactions. It was funny how our minds can make us believe something that does not really exist.

Rick Rubin, the Director of the Kent State University School of Library & Information Science, gave his thoughts on how he saw the profession, especially technical services, changing in the future. He also addressed library school education. He expressed how challenging it was to cover everything necessary in library school, when librarians are finding all kinds of unique jobs and organizations to work for.

Copyright Explained the Disney Way

What a great way to demonstrate and explain fair use.

Social Networks for Employment Recruiting

On my blog highlighting engineering news and resources, I just highlighted a newspaper article that discusses using social networks to accomplish employment recruiting.

Why mention it here? I have heard comments from those in the library profession say libraries "do not belong in the social networks" and "people do not want us there". Engineering companies and recruiters are highlighting their industry, educating potential future employers, and maintaining communication channels with future employees or customers. Lets learn from others!

Patrons Building Better Libraries

I love web 2.0 and library 2.0 because patrons take ownership in their library experience. Everything a user does can add value for others!

For example, Superpatron is an example of web 2.0 qualities in action. See how he helps his library and the top ten actions he promotes to others.

Teens Rock Akron 2007

I was excited to see that my local library, Akron-Summit County Public Library, was bringing together the local teen bands (pdf).

The Hollywood Librarian

The trailer is out for the new movie called the Hollywood Librarian. In addition, there is a related Facebook group and a formal website.

Sharing My Presentations

I love SlideShare. In the true spirit of web 2.0, I post and share my presentations with the world.

Presentations include:

I am also teaching a 2-day workshop for the Kent State University School of Library & Information Science, called Using Web 2.0 Principles to Become Librarian 2.0.
Students will discover how libraries are using Web 2.0 tools, such as blogs, RSS feeds, wikis, social communities, podcasts, and various mash-ups, to give library users increased ownership in their library interactions. Students will investigate the major principles and applications, while developing an understanding of the library-specific issues. Topics of discussion may include privacy, trust or abuse of these technologies, policy considerations, factors to implementation, and optimization in the library environment.
I have included on SlideShare the introductory PowerPoints I use to introduce each hands on component. My Squidoo page has even more information about the workshop. I already taught one on the main Kent campus and at their SLIS distance location on Ohio State's campus. My next workshops will be July 20 & 21 and November 9 & 10 on Kent State's main campus.

I have several more talks scheduled in the future. If you can attend, make sure to say hello. If not, watch this blog and SlideShare for more information.

  • Northern Ohio Technical Services Librarians (May 24, 2007 in Parma, Ohio) - Using Web 2.0 Principles to Become Librarian 2.0
  • TechConnections 8 (June 11 & 12, 2007 in Dublin, Ohio) - Exploring Libraries (…and Our Users) in the Web 2.0 Realm
  • Academic Library Association of Ohio (ALAO) Distance Learning Interest Group (June 15, 2007 in Huron, Ohio) - Education and Collaboration Takes on a Second Life
  • Ohio Library Council's Outreach & Special Services Division Outreach Retreat (August 1, 2007 in Columbus, Ohio) - Web 2.0 Tools – Outreach & Community Building with Chad F. Boeninger

Public Library Geeks Take Web 2.0 to the Stacks

In Public Library Geeks Take Web 2.0 to the Stacks, the Learning 2.0 program by Helene Blowers is highlighted. I think it is exciting when a resource like Wired recognizes a librarian contribution to the technology arena. Great job Helene!

ACRL Offers Webcast on Podcasting

ACRL offers The Classroom Will Now Be Podcast: Podcasting in Higher Education and Implications for Academic Libraries.

Podcasting is an emerging technology that allows for the easy online distribution of media files. The use of podcasts for both personal broadcasting and as a media tool has grown greatly in the past couple of years. Many institutions of higher education are now utilizing this technology as a method of distributing promotional and educational content. This webcast explores the growing usage of podcasting in higher education and examines how academic libraries fit into the educasting environment. The session focuses attention on examples of podcasts as classroom and library instruction tools and examines how academic libraries can become more integrally involved in podcasting efforts on their campuses.

This Webcast will last approximately an hour and a half.

2007 TechSource Gaming, Learning, and Libraries Symposium

Registration is now open for the first annual Gaming, Learning, and Libraries Symposium, sponsored by ALA TechSource and the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL).

Gaming and literacy experts James Paul Gee and Henry Jenkins will keynote the event by exploring how libraries fit into the intersection of gaming and the digital learning landscape, while guest speakers Eli Neiburger (author of the 2007 title "Gamers…in the Library?! The Why, What, and How of Videogame Tournaments for All Ages") and Syracuse University Game Lab Director Scott Nicholson will kick off the discussions about why libraries do this. Gregory Trefry, a game designer from GameLab, will explore libraries and the concept of "big games," while social computing expert and gamer Liz Lawley will provide context and a broad view for the topics discussed.

More than 25 sessions in three tracks will cover such wide-ranging topics as creating games for information literacy, implementing gaming programs, teaching kids how to make their own games, gaming for adults, digital downloads for gamers, online fiction games, and more. In addition, a track dedicated to Second Life will highlight how libraries are creating a presence in this virtual world and what they are gaining from it.

Virtual World Librarianship - Your Second Life

The Illinois Alliance Library System and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science is offering a continuing education course, called Virtual World Librarianship - Your Second Life. The 6 two-hour synchronous sessions will meet online in Second Life. Asynchronous discussions and weekly assignments will be posted to Forums on Moodle, the course management system used at GSLIS.

Social Computing Specialization - How Much More 2.0 Can Your Degree Be

The University of Michigan School of Information now offers a specialization in Social Computing.

Students pursuing a specialization in Social Computing learn to analyze online social interactions, both in online communities and in more diffuse social networks. They learn about features of social computing technologies so they can recognize opportunities to put them to use in new settings and make good choices about alternative implementations.

Have other schools or degree programs went beyond a single class or workshop? I have not seen any myself.

(As a person living in Ohio, I am only allowed to use the "m" word once a year, so this was it.)

Map of Second Life Brands

Check out this map of brands in Second Life. Libraries and other organizations need to explore how we can leverage these relationships within SL.

Over the last few years, I see a belief that has developed where companies, products, and services are not considered legitimate unless a web presence exists. Just think about your personal experiences, when was the last time you actually used a phone book. How long will it take before Second Life also becomes a measuring device or the "phone book" of services and organizations?

A Portrait of Generation Next

The Pew Research Center for the People & the Press published a reported called How Young People View Their Lives, Futures, and Politics - A Portrait of "GENERATION NEXT". For their analysis, they focused on those between 18-25 years of age. This 45-page report was released on January 9, 2007, and was made available by PDF.

Here are some findings relevant to libraries and web 2.0:

  • Importance of email, text messaging, and instant messaging to stay in "constant contact with friends"
  • 1/2 received or sent a phone text message today - double of that of 26-40 year olds
  • Majority use social networking sites with 40% creating personal profiles - report calls this "Look at Me" generation
  • 73% believe their peers post too much personal information
  • 80% acknowledge technology makes people lazier
  • 12% claim to be "not an internet user"
  • 1/3 used instant messaging today
From "About the Center":
The Center is an independent opinion research group that studies attitudes

toward the press, politics and public policy issues. We are best known

for regular national surveys that measure public attentiveness to major news stories, and for our polling that charts trends in values and fundamental political and social attitudes.

[VIA: The Scout Report, January 26, 2007 - Volume 13, Number 3]

Special Collections or Library Displays in Web 2.0

Shorpy.com is a 100-year-old photography blog that brings our ancestors into today's spotlight. The site is named after Shorpy Higginbotham, a boy who worked in an Alabama coal mine near the turn of the century. They started with a collection of photographs taken in the early 1900s by Lewis Wickes Hine as part of a decade-long field survey for the National Child Labor Committee.

Shorpy.com is a fine example our how library, museum, and private collections can be made available to the world using web 2.0 tools and techniques.

[VIA: MAKE: Blog, Mar 21, 2007]

Education Revitalized in Second Life

The UCLA Magazine has highlighted various initiatives of universities to educate or reach students in the online virtual world called Second Life. The article called, Avatar Academics, explores the growth of virtual/gaming environments and highlights current activities.

Second Life and Libraries by Kathryn Greenhill

Check out this presentation by Kathryn Greenhill on Second Life and libraries. She does a great job of highlighting the key points: positives, negatives, what libraries are already doing, etc. She also writes the Librarians Matter blog.

Increase in Teens Buying Books

The Seattle Post-Intelligencer reports teens are buying books at the highest rate in decades. They specifically suggest web 2.0 applications have created a marketing wave among the new generation and libraries have become more accepting to teen input. The article highlights YouTube, MySpace, and teen advisory groups in libraries.

Tool Lending Library - Not Technology but still 2.0 in Nature

Berkeley Public Library Tool Lending Library represents some of the key traits I see in Library 2.0, such as looking beyond books and considering what our users really need and want.

[VIA: MAKE: Blog, Mar 21, 2007]

Challenge to Society Publishers

Kimberly Douglas and Dana L. Roth, both of the California Institute of Technology, put forth a challenge for society publishers to not follow in the path of the commercial publishers. In addition, they provide some background into how librarians are "ranking" quality in tough budget times.

University faculty and administrators need to engage with librarians to ensure that the best decisions are being made for the longterm.
[VIA: Chemical & Engineering News, November 20, 2006, Volume 84, Number 47, pp.82-84]

Continue reading "Challenge to Society Publishers"

More on New Workshop

As I mentioned before, I am teaching a new workshop for the Kent State University School of Library & Information Science.

I have used a couple of the existing web 2.0 tools to share my workshop content. Check out the Squidoo page to see what readings and tools we used. On SlideShare, I posted the introductory slides I used before we moved on to our hands-on assignments.

New Workshop - Using Web 2.0 Principles to Become Librarian 2.0

I am getting ready to teach a new workshop at Kent State University School of Library & Information Science. The response for the first offering was amazing - 24 at the Main campus and another 9 at Ohio State (distance location of the Kent program). I am really looking for the chance for a large group to "play" with all these tools.

Students will discover how libraries are using Web 2.0 tools, such as blogs, RSS feeds, wikis, social communities, podcasts, and various mash-ups, to give library users increased ownership in their library interactions. Students will investigate the major principles and applications, while developing an understanding of the library-specific issues. Topics of discussion may include privacy, trust or abuse of these technologies, policy considerations, factors to implementation, and optimization in the library environment. In addition, students will look at how users are creating tools to supplement and/or replace their experience with libraries.
Check out the Squidoo page I set up for the workshop. If you have any suggestions or feedback, please share.

The students for their final project will practice by using blogs, wikis, or other tools to create a web 2.0 environment for one of three scenarios - an existing or fictional library, employee training, or a virtual environment for a specific class or employer project. They will have a chance to keep it private on a library school run server or use one of the many free web-based applications. I am giving them the choice. If any of them decide to go public, I will share the results here.

End of Web 2.0 Principles - House to Consider Social Networking Bill

The American Libraries Online reports that the U.S. House is considering a social networking bill again.

The bill (H.R. 1120) withholds federal e-rate funding from libraries and schools that do not restrict the use of social networking websites by minors.
I am a strong believer that Web 2.0, and more specifically Library 2.0, is more about how users interact and contribute to their personal experience with the information than the specific tools. It is no longer about just receiving information, but that a user can pick how they receive their information, pick their interface, add value to the information for the next person with comments or other additions, and promote other forms of real time collaboration.

If this is bill is as vague as people are suggesting, we will be taking several steps backwards from the way people have evolved in the utilization of information. Our economy is knowledge based and international in scope, but politicians continue to try to decrease collaboration and reduce U.S. competitiveness. Why are we not improving our education methods first, before restriction? Our children are leaving school at a disadvantage because we keep roadbocking their information/collaboration/communication development.

Web Seminar on Mashups

The SirsiDynix Institute is offering a web seminar on mashups on March 6th at 11am EST. It is free, but requires registration. I cannot wait to see what is covered and suggested from a library perspective.

Continue reading "Web Seminar on Mashups"

Top Ten, no really, Top 33 Reasons Libraries are Important

If you get a chance, check out the post by Will Sherman about 33 reasons librarians are still extremely important. He discusses the major differences between library resources and the Internet. He talks about the extras a librarian brings to research. He even highlights the future of library initiatives, or the library 2.0 to come from our many libraries. He concludes by describing libraries and librarians as "guides and guideposts".

This article may be too long to convince a parent, teacher, student, or other library user to read it. But, it provides some great talking points for information professionals to develop their elevator speech about what they do or where libraries excel.

March of the Librarians

Did you see the YouTube video about the 2007 ALA Midwinter Meeting in Seattle? March of the Librarians documents the other side of the happenings.

Continue reading "March of the Librarians"

Book Being Introduced for the First Time

Imagine introducing a library resource or Internet tool for the first time. Now, how might you introduce a book. Check out this funny video.

UPDATE: Video was removed from YouTube.

ALA's Washington Office Hosts Its 1st Second Life Event


The ALA Washington Office hosted its first virtual event in Second Life. Over 60 people attended.

David Lankes from Syracuse University presented his paper entitled “Participatory Networks: Libraries as Conversations”. See the post on the InfoIsland blog for more information, including links to a video and a transcript. Also, see the Participatory Networks website for additional information.

Continue reading "ALA's Washington Office Hosts Its 1st Second Life Event"

Middlebury College Bans Wikipedia

The Middlebury College history department has adopted a policy to ban the use of Wikipedia as a citation in student papers.

My hope is that this policy includes an instruction component so students know how to best use Wikipedia and locate alternatives.

What if Academic Libraries Ceased to Exist?

Lynn Scott Cochrane, Director of Libraries at Denison University, shares several scenarios that demonstrate why "not everything is available free on the web." This is a great read for anyone that thinks the Internet holds all the answers, or if you do not know (or cannot explain) how libraries and the Internet complement each other.

[VIA: EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 42, no. 1 (January/February 2007): 6–7]

User Annotation of Videos - Very Web 2.0

The other day I posted a YouTube video called Web 2.0 ... The Machine is Us/ing Us.

The author has went Web 2.0 to the extreme. If you watch the same video from a website called mojiti, you get to add you own comments.

Video: Web 2.0 ... The Machine is Us/ing Us

Want to summarize Web 2.0 in under 5 minutes - this YouTube video does just that.

Even better check out the same video using a website called mojiti. It allows a user to annotate and comment within the video. The author of the original video posted it and said give me your thoughts. How Web 2.0 of him/her!

ALA's Collection of Web 2.0 Resources

ALA has created a wiki that highlights all the online tools that have been created by ALA and its members. The Read Write Connect wiki allows a user quick access to a variety of web 2.0 tools, such as wikis, blogs, podcasts, videos, RSS feeds, social network, and virtual worlds.

What is Web 2.0?

This video demonstrates Web 2.0 in under 5 minutes.

What if Academic Libraries Ceased to Exist?

Lynn Scott Cochrane, Director of Libraries at Denison University, shares several scenarios that demonstrate why "not everything is available free on the web." This is a great read for anyone that thinks the Internet holds all the answers, or if you do not know (or cannot explain) how libraries and the Internet complement each other.

[VIA: EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 42, no. 1 (January/February 2007): 6–7]

Who Said Scientists are No Longer Using Books?

You often hear discussions that book usage is decreasing. Or more specifically in science and engineering, that no one uses books anymore. These stats for my library were recently shared with me that show science and technology (Q and T) book usage is NOT dead, and actually represents a large piece of the usage pie.



Pimp my Book Cart

The results of the Pimp My Book Cart are in and the winners demonstrate Library 2.0 in action. The winner was Pink Cadillac by Katie George and the teens of the Miller Branch Library in Elliot City, MD. YES, users participated in this library contest. Way to go!

First Embassy in Second Life

Sweden will become the first country to establish an official embassy presence within Second Life. What does this mean for non-participating libraries as government entities are now recognizing the possibilities within Second Life?

Continue reading "First Embassy in Second Life"

Virtual ALA Washington Office

On January 9, 2007, the ALA Washington Office proudly announced the opening of its "virtual office" in the online environment Second Life.

One of the most popular sites on the Internet, Second Life is an online world - at www.secondlife.com - which people from all over the globe can interact. There are myriad locations and users navigate through them via their "avatar" - or, digital version of themselves.

The Washington Office is located in Cybrary City next to several other libraries. Cybrary City is one of several islands that librarians are using on Second Life to provide services to the users of this community. Traditional library services - such as collection building, reference, and community gathering - have all been incorporated in to this virtual world. More information on activities can be found at www.infoisland.org.

To visit the virtual Washington Office, simply visit the Second Life URL (SLURL) for the Washington Office.

At present, you can find the following items in the virtual office:

  • An introduction to the Washington Office;
  • Information on upcoming activities at Midwinter and National Library Legislation Day;
  • An interactive computer that will point users to ALA Washington online resources, including the District Dispatch podcast and blog;
  • A slideshow of office and staff.

[VIA: ALA January 10, 2007, Press Release]

Continue reading "Virtual ALA Washington Office"

Second Life Librarians

I have been exploring Second Life much more recently.

The other night I stumbled across this meeting of Second Life Librarians. What energy and ideas this group had!

Meeting of Librarians in Second Life

Continue reading "Second Life Librarians"

Learning 2.0 Webinar

Make sure to checkout Helene Blowers giving a free SirsiDynix Web Seminar called Learning 2.0: Make 'play' your New Year's resolution.

As the Nationwide insurance commercials taunt "life comes at you fast", it's time for librarians to jump into the knowledge pool of Web 2.0 technologies and discover how these tools are changing the way many library users communicate, collaborate and receive information. Helene Blowers, Technology Director for the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County shares insights and best practices around the creation of Learning 2.0, an online self-discovery program designed to encourage staff to explore new technologies (blogs, wikis, podcasts, etc.) and reward them for "play." Join us for this informative session and then think about adding another resolution to your personal New Year's list...cause it's true, life (as well as new technology) does come at you fast!

Continue reading "Learning 2.0 Webinar"

Meebo Shows Love for Librarians

Meebo recently shared that librarians were an expected user group that has been driving its growth. It appears some of the usage was from librarians that had tight restrictions for computer applications from within their organizations.

On November 15th, I announced the roll out MeeboMe on this blog and my other blog. I have been very pleased with the results. I already used instant messaging to stay in touch with friends, relatives, and close colleagues. Now with MeeboMe, I get direct and immediate interactions with people as they read my blog entries. Some people are not willing to post comments, but anonymous conversations provide a new option.

The Meebo staff is great as well. Within hours of me posting the MeeboMe widgets on both blogs, they contacted me to see if I had any problems. I talked with one of their employees about how I plan on using Meebo and what improvements I might imagine.

Public Library Ratings

I am glad to live in Ohio. In addition to the academic community being served by OhioLINK, we have wonderful public libraries. American Libraries (November 2006) published the ranking of public libraries, called Hennen's American Public Library Ratings (HAPLR). According to HAPLR, Ohio has taken over 20% of the top 10 slots in the various population categories since 1999. Again this year, Ohio was #1 in the state-by-state rankings, and had a score that more than doubled #50 Mississippi.

There are too many Ohio libraries to list them all in the rankings. Here are a few Northeast Ohio highlights from some of the categories:

  • Cuyahoga County Public Library #1 in over 1/2 million category
  • Lakewood, North Canton, and Twinsburg won their categories
  • Medina County, Euclid, Cleveland Heights-University Heights, and Wickliffe all in the top 5 in their categories

It is very exciting to see how well supported and used Ohio libraries are. For Ohio to have a score twice that of another state says librarians have a lot of work to do still in improving services for everyone.

National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science

The University of Buffalo's National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science exists to promote and distribute materials to support using case studies in science education. It is supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

The website contains links to:

  • Science education journals provided by category, such as mathematics or engineering
  • Related websites
  • Case ideas
  • Directory of instructors
  • Assessment materials
  • Case study collection
  • Instructional materials
  • Conference highlights

In addition, one of the co-directors is the Associate Librarian of the Science and Engineering Library of the University of Buffalo.

[VIA: The Scout Report -- Volume 12, Number 28]

More ALA 2.0 Goodness

The ALA staff has opened up their offices to the online world. Check out the ALA staff Flickr account for a view of the headquarters and the various activities. They are getting ready for the holidays, Midwinter, and getting their groove down with a little Dance Dance Revolution.

Library 2.0 Accepted by Wikipedia Users

I mentioned a couple of days ago that "Library 2.0" was marked for deletion from Wikipedia. People spoke up and it will remain in Wikipedia. The couple of "delete" votes were based in the dislike for the 2.0 marketing of everything and not specifically about the concept of Library 2.0.

Continue reading "Library 2.0 Accepted by Wikipedia Users"

Do Wikipedians Believe in Library 2.0

Someone has nominated Library 2.0 for deletion from Wikipedia. He believes it does not belong because it is a term "coined by a blogger and used by bloggers". Everyone that has voted so far as pointed out that the term is used in professional literature, conference programs, classes in graduate school, Masters/PhD papers, etc. Go vote and express your opinion.

I wonder what this person's experience with libraries is?

Thank you to David Lee King for pointing this out.

Topology - Entire Editorial Board Resigns

Several sources, such as the ACRLog, have announced that all the members of the editorial board of the mathematics journal Topology have resigned due to the pricing policy of its publisher Elsevier.

We have heard other reports like this over the last few years, and may see more actions like this in the future as journal prices climb quicker than the money available for their purchase.

Case has access to Topology through the OhioLINK Electronic Journal Center.

Potentially Overwhelmed in 50 Minutes

Did you catch the SirsiDynix Institute Web Seminar on November 14, 2006, by Stephen Abram?

If you are on extensive note taker, you better listen to Stephen Abram with a group of colleagues, because you will never keep pace. He is not a PowerPoint slide reader and will give you plenty of real world examples. I love his presentation delivery as you will never leave the edge of your seat. I am a true multitasker, especially during meetings or conferences. Abram is one person that keeps you engaged, and he is one of a few people that keeps me from reading one of my hundred RSS feeds or other tasks when he is presenting.

Stephen Abram, Vice President Innovations at SirsiDynix, covered 25 technologies in 50 minutes (see slides). You should also see his related blog posts were he listed weblinks to all the technologies he mentioned and provided a link to a Best of the Best Web 2.0 Sites page.

If you have never had a chance to hear Stephen speak, it is well worth your time. He always is on top of the current status and the potential future of technology and libraries. He usually has at least one "watch for this" or surprise up his sleeve. For example, he mentioned that Dell was holding their first virtual press conference from within Second Life, before their traditional press conference. That is way cool! It follows the lead of Reuters who set up an office in Second Life.

LEADS from LAMA - Official Launch

I have hinted several times in the past that LAMA was trying to become Web 2.0 friendly. Here is the announcement for one of the first attempts. I have helped to develop LEADS from LAMA blog, which will replace the email-delivered LEADS from LAMA newsletter.

LEADS will feature the same content that appeared in the e-newsletter:
LAMA news and information about ALA and other organizations of interest to LAMA members; including awards, conferences, important dates and deadlines and other resources. The blog format will permit news to be published more rapidly and to be available through RSS feeds. Readers may comment on entries, and submit items for posting.

Look for more Web 2.0 goodies from ALA LAMA in the near future. (HINT: We are looking to collect stories, pictures, and comments about the first 50 years of LAMA. Just imagine the Web 2.0 tools we might utilize in this undertaking.)

Exploring Non-Electronic Games from within a Virtual Environment

I love the different approaches people have been taking to use Second Life in collaboration and exploration.

National Games Week
, which celebrates and promotes non-electronic games, is from November 19-25, 2006. The Second Life Library is hosting a variety of events.

Celebrate National Games Week with the Second Life Library. All events are open to the public, will be held on Info Island, and recorded for later listening. The Schedule is in SL time/ Pacific Standard Time:

  • Sunday November 19, 1:00PM - Mark Simmons: National Games Week Founder
    Interview via Skype
  • Monday November 20, 5:00PM - Nick deKunter: Making Educational Games
    Vice President of Muzzy Lane and Designer of Making History
    Opal presentation audio - http://www.opal-online.org - click on auditorium link on left to enter online audio room. Minimize that to hear audio and participate in Second Life.
  • Tuesday November 21, 4:00PM - James Stubbs from PLCMC
    board games and libraries
    Opal presentation audio - http://www.opal-online.org - click on auditorium link on left to enter online audio room. Minimize that to hear audio and participate in Second Life.
  • Wednesday November 22, 1:00PM - Virtual Bacon: Second Life Game Design Program Director of the Game & Simulation Department at DeVry University and owner of imagiLEARNING
    Working on PhD in Games and Learning
    jjamison at imagilearning.com
    Opal presentation talking about game addiction and people who play games - go to http://www.opal-online.org - click on auditorium link on left to enter online audio room.Opal presentation - go to http://www.opal-online.org - click on auditorium link on left to enter online audio room.
  • Friday November 24, TBD - Eiseldora Reisman: Relation Between Online Environments and Tabletop Games
    Opal presentation - go to http://www.opal-online.org - click on auditorium link on left to enter online audio room.
  • Friday November 24, 3PM - Paul Schwarzwalder: Game Design Q&A
    Opal presentation - go to http://www.opal-online.org - click on auditorium link on left to enter online audio room.
  • Friday November 24, 5:00 PM - Talon Lardner: Role Playing in Second Life
    Second Life Roleplayer , Avatar in World on Main Grid

MeeboMe and Instant Messaging

I have added a MeeboMe widget to my blog. If I am online and you want to talk about an entry, you can contact me virtually.

I am helping to teach several librarians at my library about the various IM applications and their uses. We are currently "playing" internally in order to explore the value IM may provide in a library setting to reference librarians. For me, it can be very valuable as I travel around campus offering library services from various locations.

I have used Trillian and am currently trying Meebo. I still need to look at Gaim. Does anyone else have instant messaging application they like that allows access to several networks at once?

My 2.0 Developments

At the last ALA Annual, I accepted the responsibility of serving as the Web Coordinator for ALA LAMA. I coordinate efforts with various other content organizers by making sure templates are used correctly, that training is provided as needed, and acting as a sounding board as needed. I also have been challenged with helping LAMA's leadership utilize Web 2.0 technologies and principles to meet the needs of users.

While not officially announced yet, the new services are being developed. Take a peak at the ALA blogs to see the future of LAMA on the web. Both blogs are still being developed, so watch for a formal announcement in the near future.

Following ALA Library 2.0, I developed the teaching bug. This fall semester I have been teaching LIBS100 (Introduction to Information Literacy and Research) at Bryant & Stratton College in downtown Cleveland. The curriculum committee at Kent State University School of Library & Information Science has accepted my proposal to teach a Web 2.0 in Libraries 2-day workshop. I will post more details here as the details are finalized. I am very excited that my alma mater recognizes the need to prepare the newest librarians in this area.

Exploring Libraries (...and our Users) in the Web 2.0 Realm - Follow Up

I hope you had a chance to check out my recent presentation. Since I did not record it, as I thought about it too late, let me share some comments.

I shared all the Web 2.0 tools for several reasons:

  • Librarians can benefit from their use.
  • Librarians need to recognize the names and terminology, in case a user approaches them.
  • Libraries can benefit from or utilize these tools.
  • Users may be using these tools in order to improve their library experience.
  • Users may be using these tools instead of the library.
  • Users are searching for answers using these tools, and is your library "advertised" in the data they discover.
  • Users are creating data and tools that might be better than library resources.
  • Users are creating data and tools that might benefit libraries.
I did not want to scare the audience, since I did not know everyone's technology knowledge. In order to relate to everyone, I focused on our USERS. We all have library users, no matter the level of technology. If a technology is intimidating, think about how it might help your user to replace or supplement a library service or resource. It gives you a strong base to start your exploration.

How Do You Prepare For The Future

A commenter asked me if I had "any suggestions regarding how to prepare our future librarians to work in the traditional, digital, and the new Lib 2.0 environment".

Some people suggest that Web 2.0 will make the future "easier". I believe just the opposite is and will occur. Web 2.0 technology can make our lives more efficient, but it can also overwhelm us with more information than we have time to absorb. More data just means more discussion and questions. I look at it like this. Our online resources are increasing in numbers, and the number of reference questions are not decreasing. They are also getting more difficult in nature though.

I think for new (and current librarians) the key is to learn the traditional resources and methods, and all the new technologies at the same time. Even with all the tools in the world, search methods and (for now) print resources are still critical.

Some suggestions:

  • Let others sort through all the information for you. With blogs, wikis, forums, books reviews, and discussion lists, people are constantly summarizing or suggesting key sources. We cannot read everything, so what are others suggesting.
  • Use RSS feeds to stay current. I can go through hundreds or even thousands of items in my RSS reader in one-hour. RSS feeds are much easier to sort and find the best information, unlike full emails or random Internet browsing.
  • Work as a team. Another librarian and I formed a reading group in our library that has 10-12 members from our staff. One month we read a novel for fun and the next we read articles around a given topic. For example, one month we read various articles about IM, but no one was required to read all the articles (unless they wanted to). The discussion was one-hour over lunch and everyone learned a lot.
  • PLAY! That is my motto. I always try new things. Even if you do not plan on continually using a new technology in the future, one of your users might be. Will you recognize their question when they approach you?
  • Use the same tools we suggest for our patrons: citation managers and database alerts.

Exploring Libraries (...and our Users) in the Web 2.0 Realm

Last night, I was the guest speaker for the the Northern Ohio Chapter of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (NORASIST). The networking before dinner and the discussion related to my presentation was wonderful. The comments and questions have given me some new areas for exploration.

In the next few days, I will answer a couple questions that were proposed to me that I did not have a full response for. Watch my blog for follow-up.

NORASIST Annual Meeting
Tuesday, October 24th, 2006
Exploring Libraries (...and our Users) in the Web 2.0 Realm
The information world is becoming more user-driven and "social" in scope. As information professionals, we must understand this new wave of Internet customization and collaboration. Our users are developing new expectations in information delivery and interaction, but are we meeting or exceeding their needs? Some libraries and information providers are exploring and utilizing the same principles and technologies that have driven the Web 2.0 movement.Libraries are using tools, such as blogs, RSS feeds, wikis, social communities, podcasts, and various "mash-ups", to give library users increased ownership in their library experiences.

Presentation Bibliography (PDF)
Presentation (PDF)

Presentation - Exploring Libraries (...and our Users) in the Web 2.0 Realm

NORASIST Annual Meeting
Tuesday, October 24th, 2006
Exploring Libraries (...and our Users) in the Web 2.0 Realm
Brian C. Gray, MLIS
Librarian - Engineering, Math, & Statistics
Case Western Reserve University
Kelvin Smith Library
Blog: http://blog.case.edu/bcg8/

The information world is becoming more user-driven and "social" in scope. As information professionals, we must understand this new wave of Internet customization and collaboration. Our users are developing new expectations in information delivery and interaction, but are we meeting or exceeding their needs? Some libraries and information providers are exploring and utilizing the same principles and technologies that have driven the Web 2.0 movement. Libraries are using tools, such as blogs, RSS feeds, wikis, social communities, podcasts, and various "mash-ups", to give library users increased ownership in their library experiences. More information from NORASIST News.

Blog Rebirth - On a Personal Level

I have not posted in a couple months following the end of the ALA Library 2.0 collaboration, but my Web 2.0 experiences have not ended though. I have volunteered to be the Library Administration & Management Association (ALA LAMA) web coordinator and am working closely with Lorraine Olley, Executive Director of LAMA and another ALA Library 2.0 participant, to bring Web 2.0 concepts and tools to LAMA's membership. Expect some announcements in the very near future, especially as we celebrate LAMA's 50th anniversary.

The Northern Ohio Chapter of the American Society for Information Science and Technology has asked me to present at their October meeting about Web 2.0/Library 2.0. Details to follow.

I am also working on a workshop for the Kent State University of School of Library and Information Science on Web 2.0 in libraries. The 2-day workshop will focus on what libraries are already doing and what our users are doing that we should be aware of. More details will be offered soon, as I am trying to get the information submitted to be on the Spring workshop schedule.

I plan to use this blog to continue my exploration into Web 2.0 and libraries.

More EPA Libraries Close

Earlier I shared that EPA Libraries were suffering severe budget cuts and that the EPA workforce was protesting such closings.

American Libraries Online (September 15, 2006) has summarized the closings and other cuts through August and September. These cuts may be devastating to government-sponsored environmental research and protection.

OAIster - Digital Collections from Hundreds of Institutions

OAIster is a project of the University of Michigan Digital Library Production Service. Their goal is to create a collection of previously difficult-to-access, academically-oriented digital resources that are easily searchable by anyone.

As of September 2, 2006, OAIster contained 8,995,140 records from 670 institutions. Users can search these records by keyword, title, author, subject, or language, while limiting by media type. Users can also browse by institution.

Library of Congress - Call for Feedback

The Library of Congress wants to gain a better understanding of who its patrons are, what services they use, and the quality and value of those services. If you are a user of the Library of Congress, either on site or via the Web, we invite you to take a few minutes to give us your feedback using the online survey at:


This user survey is being conducted by Outsell, Inc. on behalf of the Library. All responses will be kept confidential. Only grouped data will be reported; your responses will not be singled out in the analysis. Thank you very much for using the Library of Congress. We apologize for multiple postings.

Case Supports Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006

Case has offered their support in this letter (PDF version).

Library groups commend twenty-three provosts for joining recent surge of support

Washington, DC – August 3, 2006 – Just one week after more than two dozen leading universities declared their strong support for the Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006 (S.2695), provosts from an additional 23 universities added their backing in a letter issued by the Greater Western Library Alliance (GWLA) and in individual correspondence. This brings the total to at least 48 universities that have gone on record as favoring the measure.

The Federal Research Public Access Act was introduced on May 2, 2006 by Senators John Cornyn (R-TX) and Joseph Lieberman (D-CT). It requires federal agencies that fund over $100 million in annual external research to make electronic manuscripts of peer-reviewed journal articles that stem from their research publicly available on the Internet. The U.S. government funds an estimated 50% of university research, making this a particularly important cause for the higher education community.

The GWLA letter reads, in part: “Access to publicly funded research facilitates the open discussion needed to accelerate research, share knowledge, improve treatment of diseases, and increase human understanding. [The Public Access Act] is a crucial step in realizing this goal…”

“With the passage of this bill, researchers across the United States will have access to the results of work supported by federal government funding, which will help advance scientific understanding at a faster rate,” said David Pershing, Senior Vice-President, Academic Affairs, University of Utah. “No longer will knowledge created using public funds be limited to the wealthiest institutions and corporations. With everyone having access to up-to-date information, I am confident we will see a higher level of scientific research and innovation. This is a remarkable opportunity for educators and students across the nation.”

Signatories of the GWLA letter include provosts and vice presidents for state and non land-grant institutions, such as the University of Washington and Rice University. Their names are added to those of another twenty-five institutions, including Harvard University and Arkansas State University, who on Friday jointly issued “An Open Letter to the Higher Education Community.”

“The time is ripe for this legislation,” added Rodney Erickson, Executive Vice President and Provost of The Pennsylvania State University, who signed the Open Letter. “Many of us in the academic community believe the process of making the findings of publicly supported research more widely available will stimulate further research and education, and that is our primary mission as universities.”

“GWLA member libraries and administrators support the Public Access Act in principle and in practice,” said Adrian Alexander, Executive Director of the Greater Western Library Alliance. “The implications for research stemming from this bill are widespread, profound, and utterly positive. We are pleased to add our voices in support.”

Heather Joseph, Executive Director of SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resource Coalition), added, “This groundswell of commitment from the provost community is a significant indication that the Federal Research Public Access Act has strong support in the higher education community in the United States.”

The GWLA letter, available online today, is at http://www.gwla.org/provostletter.html.

The Open Letter to the Higher Education Community signed by twenty-five provosts and issued on July 28, 2006 is online at http://www.taxpayeraccess.org/frpaa/Provosts_openletter_06-JUL.pdf.

The American Association of Law Libraries, American Library Association, Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries, Association of College & Research Libraries, Association of Research Libraries, Greater Western Library Alliance, Medical Library Association, SPARC, and The Special Libraries Association encourage taxpayers and other stakeholders in the scientific process to add their support for this important legislation. Details are online at http://www.taxpayeraccess.org/frpaa/.


Jennifer Heffelfinger
(202) 296-2296 ext.121

Lost in a Sea of Science Data

Scott Carlson in The Chronicle of Higher Education (June 23, 2006) wrote an article called Lost in a Sea of Science Data. Carlson explores the current and future growth of scientific data, and the role librarians play in its organization, storage, and retrieval.

The Case community can access the full article from the E-Journal Portal. Several of the sources have a one month embargo before the article is available.

FREE ONLINE - Building a National Science Digital Library

UPDATE: If you did not participate in the live presentation, the PowerPoint and related materials are available.

EDUCAUSE Live! May 8, 2006 1:00 p.m. EDT (12:00 p.m. CDT, 11:00 a.m. MDT, 10:00 a.m. PDT); runs one hour

Your host, Steve Worona, will be joined by Dean Krafft, and the topic will be "Building a National Science Digital Library."

Since 2000, the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Core Integration team has been creating the infrastructure for a digital library of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics resources. That library now contains more than a million resources from approximately 100 collections. In this talk, Dean Krafft will give a short historical overview of the NSDL and describe the current NSDL community and participants. He will then review the technical underpinnings of NSDL 1.0, a library built on metadata harvesting, and describe some of the challenges encountered. For the past year, the project has been working on NSDL 2.0, a new version of the library built on the Fedora repository architecture. For the last part of the talk, Krafft will describe this new library architecture and explain how it supports creating context for science resources, how it enhances the selection and use of library materials, and what these capabilities mean for the users of the NSDL.

Dean Krafft is currently a senior research associate in computer science at Cornell University, serving primarily as a researcher but also as an IT administrator. On the research side, he is the principal investigator for the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Project (http://nsdl.org/) at Cornell. Krafft leads the effort to develop key components of the Core Integration Technology for the library and manages the team that maintains the production library services. He works with the other institutions involved in the Core Integration effort to specify, develop, and provide new digital library technologies to the more than a hundred NSF-funded projects involved in the NSDL program.

As an administrator, he serves as director of information technology for computing and information science. He helps provide oversight for the Computer Facilities Support group, represents CIS to the campus-wide IT Managers Council, and focuses on a number of issues including IT policy, software acquisition, and computer security. He received his PhD in computer science from Cornell in 1981.

EPA Scientists Fight for Libraries

Here is an update on my earlier post about the closing of EPA Libraries.

From the Environment News Service (July 7, 2006) comes word that over half of the EPA workforce (10,000 scientists, engineers and other technical specialists) have asked Congress to stop Bush's administration from closing the EPA libraries.

They contend that thousands of scientific studies are being put out of reach, hindering emergency preparedness, anti-pollution enforcement and long-term research, according to the letter released by Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER).

EPA internal studies show that providing full library access saves an estimated 214,000 hours in professional staff time worth some $7.5 million annually, an amount far larger than the total agency library budget of $2.5 million.

Fragile Digital Data

According to a recent article in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution (June 7, 2006), humanity in the next 3 years will produce more data than in did in the past 1,000 years. Concerns of future data format and degradation are of great concern to many institutions, such as the Council on Library and Information Resources, the National Archives, IBM, and the Library of Congress. See full article for further discussion.

(Full Article VIA: George Mason University's History News Network)

Closing Session or Just the Beginning

This is my first time to attempt to blog an activity while a session is in progress. Well here it goes...

I was glad to hear others have similar thoughts as me at today's Closing Session - OK lets get started! I am not suggesting that we did not work hard already, but the group has really learned a lot and are eager to look to the future now.

I was amazed how much beyond a "workshop" that this ALA Library 2.0 Bootcamp developed. Beyond just looking at the technology from a hands-on playground, the group flushed out much more about user expectations, organizational implementation, online/social implementation, etc.

The work products of the ten teams were amazing for "virtually" working on the topics, while potentially many of the participants were exploring these 2.0 technologies for the first times themselves.

I think we only can see the tip of the iceberg right now after our 6-weeks of collaboration, but ALA cannot avoid the collision with Web 2.0 that we have created. There comes a time when people must realize that we do not always need to avoid every collision, because the past principles and the future technologies can blend to meet the needs of today. ALA and all libraries can be great leaders in pushing not just the technology of Web 2.0 but the principles of collaboration, social interaction, and the user's control of their experience.

One thing I hope this exploration demonstrated to ALA and the membership is how much work can be accomplished outside the traditional face-to-face meetings of conferences. It appears from the discussions and team projects that we can be seeing an amazing transformation in ALA and libraries in general in how business is conducted, how users are reached, and how ALL people can contribute to an organization's success and resources.

I look forward to continue growing the relationships I developed, and helping in anyway I can to continue this wonderful process.

Team 1 Project Summary - Public Commenting

This document provide a summary and some additional information to our videocast. We have offered it in either Word or PDF format for your convenience.

PDF Download

Word Download

ALA L2: Team One - Final Project

Join us in the exploration of the best practices for utilizing public comments on an organization's blog or website.

We will be issuing a summary document shortly with more details.

Open Access in Medicine

Open Access for the Medical Librarian
Heather Morrison & Andrew Waller
Delivered at the Canadian Health Libraries Association 2006: Pearls of Wisdom, Vancouver, British Columbia.

The most important aspects of open access for the medical librarian are presented. Reasons for open access include access to research information, access to taxpayer-funded research, facilitation of evidence-based medicine, equity of access, promotion of author control, and controlling library costs. The two primary approaches to open access, via author self-archiving and open access publishing, are presented. Key open access policy developments are highlighted. Many of the major policy initiatives of the moment are from the research funders. From the researcher funders' point of view, open access means more research impact, more real-world impact when professionals can access the literature, and value is illustrated to the taxpayer, building support for further research funding. The world's largest medical research funders, including the U.S. National Institute of Health and the Wellcome Trust, have public access policies, and many more policies are in development. For example, two weeks ago the Federal Research Public Access Act was introduced in the U.S. Senate. One of the essential elements of open access policy is ensuring that researchers are required, not requested, to deposit works. In Canada, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research has a policy in development called Access to Products of Research; public comments are due May 15, 2006. The dramatic growth of open access - over 2,220 journals in DOAJ, over 7.3 million items in an OAIster search - is discussed, as is the idea of new roles for librarians in an open access environment.

Public Commenting on Organizational Blogs or Websites

I have been participating in a virtual workshop designed by the American Library Association (ALA) to instruct in and establish best practices in utilizing Web 2.0 technologies. ALA Library 2.0 included many components from blogging, wikis, RSS feeds, etc. My personal ALA Library 2.0 blog also includes various details and links.

One part of the virtual workshop included an interview I conducted with some of the Kelvin Smith Library Freedman Center staff.

My group just completed our final project. We explored the best practices in allowing public comments on formal organizational blogs or websites.

Here is an alternative link to the presention.

UPDATE: The ALA blogs mentioned above have since been taken down. Any entries that I was involved in were moved to this blog and the links fixed.

Another Library 2.0 Job Description

Here is another Library 2.0 job ad: Wiki Analyst.

From EBSCO Publishing:

The basic function of the Wiki Analyst is to monitor information creation on TWiki, EP's web-based collaboration platform. The ideal candidate will be responsible for tracking wiki usage, guiding and shaping it's organization, and helping EP to get the most out of this powerful tool. Develop best practices. Other responsibilities include training and educating users, monitoring projects and activity, and linking content for maximum usefulness.

Work with departments and authors to ensure that content is linked appropriately and uses the best methods and practices. Monitor Wiki technology to understand the latest state of technology and plugins and make recommendations for usage at EP. The ideal candidate will have a solid understanding of web technology and be wiki savvy. Excellent communication, training, and writing skills are required.

Internet Searches: Librarians do it Better

At the 2006 Medical Library Association's annual meeting came the results of a study that showed "cancer patients are more likely to find what they are looking for with a librarian-mediated search instead of going it alone."

  • 65 percent of patients said they were not able to obtain the information that the librarians sent to them from any other source
  • Additional 30 percent said the librarian provided some new information
  • Only 4 percent said they found all the same information on their own

Comments on Brian Mathews Podcast

I finally got to listen to Brian Mathew's podcast that was created for the participants of ALA Library 2.0 (ALAL2). He did make comments that hit the spot since I work in an academic library.

He described Academic Library 2.0 in various terms:

- Adaptive & responsive without abandoning identity
- Not all about technology...services, resources, policies, etc.
- Creating a culture of "community"
- Information literacy, or instructing in a skill-based approach, rather than "do it our way"
- Being where the user is
- Social aspects
- Information Commons approach, where the aim is productivity
- Assessment for adoption & knowing your patrons

He highlighted a couple of 2.0 services that he was aware of, such as PennTags. Mathews also described who he monitored students blogs by setting up keyword searches for words like "library" or "research". He could than offer advice or additional information to their discussions.

My university does offer a blog system to faculty, staff, and students. All entries are fed into a single RSS feed (Planet Case) that I do monitor. I have corresponded with several of the posters by highlighting a library or Internet resource that could help them in their research or other explorations. By interacting in this manner, I have received back several suggestions for other resource that I could highlight on my blog or other library web pages. If our blog system ever grows larger, I might have to rely on Mathews keyword search suggestion.

UPDATE: I had to delete some links to sources that no longer exist.

Comments on Michael Casey Podcast

I finally got to listen to Michael Casey's podcast that was created for the participants of ALA Library 2.0 (ALAL2). He did make a couple comments that really tied together some of our discussions here in ALAL2.

First, Casey pointed out, as many others have, that Library 2.0 is about change. But, he went one step further and defined how he saw "change":

- Change to reach new people
- Change to reach undefined audiences
- Requires continuous evaluation and change for success
- Certain changes do not fit all libraries

His thoughts on an internal staff blog were very interesting as well. The internal employee blog went beyond the expectations of increasing involvement and communication by developing new communication pathways, building trust, and giving people ownership in their concerns and/or comments.

Thanks, Michael Casey for your thoughts on Library 2.0.

UPDATE: I had to delete some links to sources that no longer exist.

Freedman Center & Podcasting

I originally posted this entry on May 10, 2006, but I wanted to repost it to make sure it is included in the ALAL2 podcast RSS feed.

Explore the Freedman Center web site for more information.

ALA Library 2.0 - My Perspective

All of the discussions about ALA Library 2.0 and its implementation are great (Library 2.0, Open Stacks, Free Range Librarian, and A Wandering Eyre & followup). The ability to provide one's opinion and learn from resulting discussion is Web 2.0.

As a disclaimer, I am a member of ALA and a participant in ALA Library 2.0 (ALAL2). I was asked to participate in ALAL2. I decided to participate for my own and my organization's benefit, just as much as for the benefit of ALA.

I decided to participate in this initiative with the hope that ALA will see the advantages (or disadvantages) of these various technologies and processes. I hoped we would finish with a package of data, experiences, policies, and examples, that could be used by ALA or any of its members to implement or instruct in Web 2.0 technologies and understand the mindset of newer/younger library users.

While I have had many of the concerns others have had about implementation of ALAL2, I am glad it was done this way for many reasons. Mainly because if you look at the "big picture", a "real world" activity has been created. Let me explain.

I have heard some comments that the group of participants has created some hiccups. First, everyone is participating at different levels of time and commitment. This could not be any more "real world" than what we all experience within our own organizations or within ALA. Everyone we work with has different motivations, personality traits, communication skills, etc. I think ALAL2 is one of those times when the final outcomes are more important than the individual contributions.

Second, the participants are at various levels of technology awareness and places in the career ladder. Some are spending more time learning the technology, while others may have been able to jump right into the provided information. There is nothing wrong with this. It reminds all of us, and as a result will be evident in the final outcomes, that our library users span the spectrum. It reminds all of us that not everyone learns the same way. It reminds us that not every process will work the first time for everyone, nor will every user do things the same way.

I think the problems we have had with implementation of various technologies only added to the learning environment. Since ALAL2 is a chance to "play" and share key learnings with ALA (or any information professional), I am glad the learning environment was not totally optimized and error-proof. As participants, we needed to make errors and run into road blocks so that we could totally be saturated in the project and make "real world" suggestions to other information professionals. Someone even suggested the the technologies and instruction methods be tried on others first. BUT, as participants in ALAL2, we are the "others" - the first. It is our responsibility to define what does and does not work, not just "play" with the optimized or ALA-selected way of doing things.

In addition, I have been trying to look at some of the technologies, processes, and discussions from a user's perspective. No matter what library's decide to implement, there will always be patrons that disagree with the choices. We have experienced that in ALAL2 and again it is another reminder of the "real world".

Instructors (and librarians) constantly push their favorite tool or technology that works best for them. It is not until a user points out a problem or an alternative, that all the options might be totally obvious. Otter Group, Jenny, and Michael have molded the ALAL2 experience with the technologies that were best at the moment of its creation. They all have pushed us to try alternatives and bring recommendations to the overall group. Groups have discovered and utilized wikis, OPAL, and Skype just to name a few. A big part of ALA2 was exploration and the initial tools have not prevented that, but in some have pushed for exploration into alternatives.


I am glad ALA decided to proceed this way. First, as with any large organization, an expected procedure or final product, get greater results than others. If this is ALA desired method of exploring Web 2.0 and its advantages for its membership, fine we did it their way. It allows the leadership of ALA to focus more on our outcomes rather than the implementation.

Second, the Otter Group has provided several advantages. Again, I will go back to "real world" scenarios. By having the Otter Group manage the technology, we have simulated a large number of the library organizations that utilize external IT support or are at the mercy of a larger organization's IT department. It cannot be any more "real world" than that. Second, I bet Jenny and Michael are learning more from the experience and able to add more to the final product by being active participants, rather the techies. Their knowledge is more valuable in the discussions than in teaching people to use a new form of technology.

My Conclusion
I guess this is one time where I was glad ALA was hands off and introduced as many variables as possible. It allows ALA's leadership to be a spectator, and learn from the discussion between ALAL2 participants and others following along. I think if ALA would have done it any other way, too many preconceived notions of the future of Web 2.0 within ALA would have crept into the picture and defined the experience. I think the implementation, the participants, and the freedom to adjust as needed has created a "real world" environment that has allowed us to be the test tubes for others.

I hope others are as eager as I to see the final suggestions and outcomes of ALAL2, and are optimistic that our hard work will lead into implementation within ALA and/or the organizations of its members.

Promoting Copyright Management & Access

John Ober in Facilitating open access: Developing support for author control of copyright (C&RL News, April 2006, Vol. 67, No. 4) discusses the role librarians have in promoting and supporting copyright management within their organizations. He discusses educational aspects and managing institutional repositories.

Libraries should be clear and honest about the logic of our advocacy, too, which seems to be: Faculty copyright retention is a necessary precondition for developing new forms of dissemination that (possibly) allow restructuring of some of the economic patterns to be more sustainable. Or, more bluntly, copyright retention and subsequent grants of use (might) reduce/remove (some) economic barriers to acquiring content for research/teaching.
For one thing reader and author visits to IR create a point-of-use opportunity, and usually a specific need, to educate scholars about copyright management, and ensure that they do, in fact, have the right to deposit their work. And while IRs can be promoted as a way to serve the scholar and library interests mentioned above, to be used IRs have to strive for unusually good related services.

Conference - Partnering in Science Information: Necessities of Change

The International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) announced a two-day conference, "Partnering in Science Information: Necessities of Change."

The June 7-8 conference at the National Library of Medicine allows you to network with the new players in scientific and technical information and provides insight into the new relationships and alliances forming in STI across the information lifecycle. Join the key players to see what they are planning and doing in the new digital information environment.

The conference is designed for managers and knowledge workers in STI (including scientists, publishers, librarians, digital content managers, information architects, and infrastructure developers). Session themes include:

  • New Players in the Information Life Cycle
  • Innovative Relationships: Who's partnering with whom?
  • Globalization - Internationalization
  • Moving Up the Value Chain: Information for Decision Making
  • "Repositories" in the New STI Infrastructure
  • National Centers: New Roles, Relationships, and Opportunities for Partnership
Conference speakers include Leigh Watson Healy, Outsell's Chief Analyst, and Clifford Lynch, Executive Director for the Coalition for Networked Information. You'll also hear speakers from Google, Scope e-Knowledge Center, the European Patent Office, Groxxis, Elsevier, and the Korean Institute for Scientific and Technical Information.

Register by May 26 to receive a $50 registration discount for the two-day event. The discounted rate of $250 includes networking lunches both days.

You can register online.

[What is ICSTI?]

ICSTI, The International Council for Scientific and Technical Information, offers a unique forum for interaction between organizations that create, disseminate and use scientific and technical information. ICSTI's mission cuts across scientific and technical disciplines, as well as international borders, to give member organizations the benefit of a truly global community.

Jeff Trzeciak's Podcast - My Comments

One of the assignments for Week 2 of ALA Library 2.0 was a podcast of Jeff Trzeciak speaking on the training and roles of "librarian 2.0".

Trzeciak was one of the people responsible for the Next Generation Librarian job posting. What I find unique about such a job posting was not the responsibilities listed, but that a single position was developed to incorporate everything. I have seen people that have SOME of the listed tasks as electronic resource librarians, IT staff, instruction librarians, etc. Wayne State is looking for a single person to provide the innovation to use Web 2.0 technologies to develop Library 2.0 for its patrons.

He described the Web 2.0 technologies as "live and organic". He highlighted how these concepts may be in direct disagreement with librarianship in general, where we have total control (subject categories, keywords, etc.). He also looked at how today's generations desire "what they want when they want it".

Trzeciak says Librarian 2.0 needs to:

-Be transformative
-Look long-term
-Create strategies & partnerships
-Align libraries with parent organization's goals
-Look at successes and failures
But are these just the traits needed by any organization or business to continue to succeed and improve? I expect many librarians or other professionals were "2.0" a long time ago, but now the technology has finally caught up.

Important traits of a "Library 2.0":
-User centered
-Provides staff development
-Librarians in new roles
-Encourage risk taking
Again, I hope some libraries were already set-up like this. If not, the new technologies and user needs give them chance to reconstruct themselves. We can no longer assume libraries will always exist, if we do not change. The value of libraries is not as obvious in today's economy, culture, politics, and user's everyday lives.

As a side note, I have really been starting to use podcasts more often to increase my chance to absorb information. This specific podcast did have some audio problems, but if you a new consumer of podcasts, do not let it scare you away. Podcasts allow for some great benefits such as multitasking and portability.

Blogs about Writing & Commenting on Blogs

1. Entry from Reflexions blog: The Art of Commenting on Blogs
2. The Mentorship Project blog
3. A Pirouette: Commenting blog
4. Successful Business Blogging blog, specifically several commenting-related entries
4. Micro Persuasion in A Guide to Leaving Comments on Blogs

Congress Targets Social Network Sites

CNET News.com on May 10 reported that Congress is targeting social networks with legislation.

MySpace and other social-networking sites like LiveJournal.com and Facebook are the potential targets for a proposed federal law that
would effectively require most schools and libraries to render those
Web sites inaccessible to minors, an age group that includes some of
the category's most ardent users.

It appears the legislation does give parents the right to offer permission for their child to have access. But even that doorway in the law, has great consequences. If the law is interpreted as broadly as CNET suggests, many websites could be off limits. What about libraries that are using these various services to reach their users? Are libraries going to have to get permission for every single website, rather than larger domains? For example, parents says "NO" to Blogger, but what if the library has a website on Blogger?

I wish politicians would do more to promote education and the role of parents than restricting rights.

Another ALAL2 participant's post on this proposed social networking legislation.

Podcast - Freedman Center & Podcasting Studio

Today, I recorded my very first podcast. I had a discussion about the new podcasting studio at my library and got the thoughts about Library 2.0 from the managers of the Freedman Center within my library. If you have any additional questions, please let me know. My coworkers were very excited to hear about ALA Library 2.0 and look forward to the materials that are shared and created.

Team One Project Draft: Best Practices/Policies For Public Comment on Library And/Or Association Websites

Best Practices/Policies For Public Comment on Library And/Or Association Websites

Client: All types of libraries and/or ALA.

Opportunity: To identify best practices for open comments and conversations on both ALA websites and individual library organizational websites. To explore the promotion of open partnerships and collaborations between library users and association members as partners and collaborators, engaged in a dialog with each other, that promotes individual ownership.

Product/Service: The integration of open commenting using a blog and/or wiki tool, plus other web social communication tools.

1. Determine best practices for the utilization of Web 2.0 communication tools.
2. Determine best practices for open commenting with blogs.
3. Determine best practices for open commenting or content creation by wiki tools.

What do you hate about wikis?

I just put a post up about wikis on my other blog that I thought the ALAL2 participants might find interesting. It is about what one blogger hated the most about wikis. I was surprised that most of their concerns were about the user's interaction with the interface, rather than the perceived accuracy concerns that the traditional media targets.

Meredith Farkas on "Librarian 2.0"

I finally got a chance to listen to Meredith Farkas's take on "Library 2.0" from our Week 2 assignments.

I have always enjoyed Meredith Farkas's commentary on various topics. While she dreams about the potential in libraries (and other aspects of the profession), I feel she is always very realistic in her expectations. She reminds us that Library 2.0 should be centered on meeting the user's needs and expectations, and that technology is a tool to meet those goals.

From her podcast, she outlined her 5 areas in succeeding in today's technology driven information world.
1. Embrace change, because our users do.
2. Questions everything. Specifically look at if the library is doing something for the benefit of the patron or the librarian.
3. Discover what YOUR patrons needs and wants. Not every idea can be transferred from one library to the next.
4. Play with technology.
5. Do not get sucked in by "technolust". Consider the NEED first, not the technological solution.

Thank you, Meredith for your thoughts.

Information Systems Wiki

Wiki for IS Scholarship was established for summarizing and discussing articles in and related to the field of Information Systems. The site is hosted by the Information Systems Department at the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University.

(Via: Jeremy Smith's blog, April 11, 2006)

Chicken or the Egg?

Jenny Levine has asked the ALA Library 2.0 participants to look at can "library 2.0 exist without librarian 2.0".

My gut reaction would be NO. Of course as a librarian myself, I have strong opinions and thoughts on the profession as a whole and its relevance in the information world. Librarians are able to filter free and purchased information, and make sure users get the BEST sources. Librarians can make the search process EASIER. Librarians discover and meet the USER's needs.

Now, after a slight pause, I looked a librarian's role within the 2.0 lifestyle. The technology tools of Web 2.0 are providing the same things as librarians: ease of getting the best (or recommend) sources to the user in the way and time they desire. These tools are being built and implemented by users, programmers, or resources that may be in competition with libraries.

I guess my conclusion to can "library 2.0 exist without librarians 2.0" would be YES. It should serve as a wake up call to the profession. What role will librarians serve in the development of Web 2.0? There are many opportunities for librarians, such as creating & organizing content, increasing ability for users to access information from anywhere & anytime, making processes easier, etc.

Freedman Center - More Information

I have received several comments and questions about my original post that introduced my library's Freedman Center. Let may share some more information.

Let me introduce the facility by sharing the mission:

The Mission of the Samuel B. and Marian K. Freedman Digital Library, Language Learning and Multimedia Services Center is to bring together
in one place a variety of technological resources in order that these
resources support and sustain learners and create new ways of teaching
and learning. The Freedman Center will be an innovative partner with
faculty, students, and staff in providing full-service digital library, language learning and multimedia services so that members of the Case community can achieve their research, scholarly, and artistic goals.
I hope you noticed the full name as used in the mission statement. Something I did not mention before was the language learning component. Students have access to an online language learning website or can use Pimsleur Bookchips in the Freedman Center with materials for 14 languages. In addition, 16 computers have been equipped with Logitech Quickcam Webcams, instant messaging applications, and Skype to promote international videoconferencing to supplement classroom language instruction.

The Center offers plenty of equipment to be used in-house or for lending. Faculty, staff, or students can borrow digital voice recorders, miniDV video cameras, 5MP digital cameras, Apple iBooks, Garmin eTrex GPS Units, and jump drives.

Earlier I had mentioned the new podcasting studio, and Michael had asked for some more information. The Freedman Center was completed last summer and a studio was not in the original plans. As voice recordings were being made for podcasts and other presentations, it became apparent very quickly that some privacy was needed to produce high quality materials. A storage room was sacrificed and the podcasting studio was born.

The recording equipment includes a Alesis Multimix 8USB Mixer, 3 MXL-990 microphones, and a Heil PR-40 microphone. The mixer is great in that by allowing USB interface with a laptop and not being much bigger than a laptop, it allows for some portability. I shared a booth with the Freedman Center staff and a recent Research ShowCASE across campus. They conducted interviews from the booth and demonstrated the equipment and resources to faculty and students.

I will get some better pictures of the Freedman Center and the new podcasting studio, and share them here on my blog. I will also have a discussion about the new studio, how it is being used, and related policies. I will try to even record the discussion as a podcast and share it.

Opening Session & Web 2.0

When people talk about Web 2.0, I think usually too much emphasis is put on the technology. I think the technology is only the tools to meet user needs and expectations. To me, Web 2.0 is more of a mindset that the newer generation have openly embraced.

We just had our opening session for ALA Library 2.0, so lets look at the framework used. In my lists below, I will look at a need or trait as addressed by a technology and/or a meeting's structure.

Why the Opening Session Was NOT Library (Web) 2.0
Real-time Discussion
The chat function was not turned on within Microsoft LiveMeeting. Today, many people prefer to discuss items immediately as IM, chat functions built into web sites, cellular phones, and other technology push the desire to react to other's opinions. I think that the chat function in LiveMeeting is one-to-one, but I have seen other online meeting applications that allow the entire group to comment and
discuss without interrupting the speakers. I personally feel more
ownership and larger gains from a meeting, if I share in other's
perspectives and thoughts.

Lack of Mobility
By relying on audio provided by a telephone conference call, mobility was limited for most. If mobility was desired, the costs were pushed to the participants to utilize cellular phones or other fee-based technology. If the audio capabilities of LiveMeeting were utilized, those with high speed Internet and a microphone, could have participated directly from their computer, or in my situation laptop. My university's campus is wireless, so I would not have been forced to return to my office to gather and could have used the pre-meeting time more effectively.

Open Source/Free vs. Purchased Applications
By utilizing, Microsoft LiveMeeting artificial restrictions are placed on participants and organizations. Again, users are mobile and may not
have permission to install onto the computer being used. In addition,
should we pick applications that restrict users to a single web browser? If open source was used, could participants have conducted more customization to their view? Another consideration that an organization must rationalize is covering the costs for applications such as LiveMeeting, if "free" alternatives exist. Of course, we know nothing is totally free.

Lack of Immediate Results
People expect immediate results, such as a copy of their work. I was disappointed that we did not receive an immediate copy of the presentation, so that we could continue digesting the content. Do we hamper follow-up and discussion if content is delayed to the participants? How many people like to respond immediately versus those that respond days down the road?

User options/settings
The way LiveMeeting was configured and the nature of the presentation, very few options for customization were available. Maybe none were needed, but with 40+ participants, I am sure some people thought of some that would have been nice.

Why the Opening Session WAS Library (Web) 2.0
Participants were able to continue regular work tasks or other activities.

I am talking beyond the fact that a large group gathered for the opening session. Smaller groups were able to utilize CampFire to work on details. The telephone allowed for full group discussion (which was a poor answer to some of my concerns above, but maybe the best available at this time for this group).

Participants did have some options. Some people may have chatted in the external CampFire application rather than watching a portion of the presentation (of course, ideally chat would have occurred within the LiveMeeting format). People may have left after hearing that the presentation would be made available at a later date as a podcast. I doubt anyone did leave though with all the interesting content and discussion.

Interaction & Sensory

Surveys, break away chats, phone comments, slide content, etc. People learn very different, and the combinations of technology developed to support Web 2.0 allows a larger pool of people to participate and benefit at the greatest level possible for each person.

Opportunities for Follow Up
With the blog system, CampFire chat, copy of the presentation, and recorded podcast, the learning and discussion is not limited to a short meeting. People can absorb the information at their own pace, and still play with everyone equally.

Ability to Overcome Technical Difficulties with Alternatives
I think this goes back to options. The newer generations are not locked into a single format of communication. As a result, the technologies that have developed have made it easier to overcome technical difficulties. Many more alternatives exist for the same or similar tasks.

My Summary of Web 2.0
Lets make this short and sweet: alternatives, user options, & participation/ownership.

Me & Web 2.0

I guess this is an extension of my earlier introduction.

Since I am sure we are all at different levels of technology usage and knowledge, I thought I would post about my technology usage.

I am high on anything that will increase my productivity while supporting mobility. I have two offices on my campus, one in the main library and one in the School of Engineering, and I also drive about 80 miles per day. At work, I rely solely on a laptop. As our campus is totally wireless and I have docking stations in both offices, I can basically work from anywhere that is needed. I will often travel to faculty offices or student study areas to assist or instruction in research, and I can conveniently take my "whole" office with me. I also use a Dell Axim X50v handheld that supports wireless access, email, video, various applications, etc. I can throw it in my pocket and access the library catalog from within the stacks, listen to music while wlaking across campus, or access an urgent email to share with others during a meeting. I love my Axim.

My university supports both a blog system and wiki. I do maintain a work-related weblog (e3 Information Overload, E-resources for Engineering Education) that highlights resources or issues relevant to science and engineering faculty and students. I also add content to other library blogs within my organization, a Reference Weblog and general library news Weblog. The library offers various RSS feeds. I do not participate as much in the wiki, as I have not learned the editing structure yet and it is not straight forward from a user perspective.

I use Pluck to read RSS feeds as it offers the ability to go back and forth from an application on my computer to web-based access as needed. I look forward to seeing how BlogBridge compares. I am also experimenting with Attensa as it work with Microsoft Office.

Future of Libraries & Web 2.0

My library started a Reading Club for the employees as a way to supplement professional development and leisure activities. We will meet once a month for boxed lunches and sweets. We plan on alternating between novels and professional articles.

For our first meeting, we discussed The Future of Libraries, Beginning the Great Transformation by Thomas Frey (The DaVinci Institute) and What is Web 2.0 by Tim O'Reilly. We only minimally touched on the Web 2.0 article as we ran out of time.

If you are not familiar with the Future of Libraries article, it proposes 10 trends that will drastically change libraries in the next 50 years. It does make some futurist predictions, such that books and literacy will be dead in 50 years. As a group, we thought the timelines were very debatable, and wondering why the author made some of his statements. Frey provided little justification in his predictions, so our discussions went all over the place. Frey's recommendations may be considered reminders for future thinking libraries, as some libraries do many of these things already.

The Library of Congress: Webcasts

The Library of Congress has made over 300 webcasts available in a variety of topics. The site includes talks, discussions, and conferences, plus webcasts from the National Book Festival. Subject categories include biography & history, culture & performing arts, education, government, poetry & literature, religion, and science & technology.

Examples of science & technology webcasts include:

  • Got Game
  • Chemical Warfare from WWI to Al-Qaeda
  • Dawn of the Space Age
  • Science, Ethics and the Law
  • Cutting Edge Research

(Originally highlighted by The Scout Report, January 27, 2006 - Volume 12, Number 4)

What Researchers Need to Know about Open Access

Peter Suber in the SPARC Open Access Newsletter (Issue #94, February 2, 2006) shared his Six Things that Researchers Need to Know about Open Access.

  • What OA journals exist in your field?
  • OA journals are not the whole story of OA. There are also OA archives or repositories.
  • OA archiving only takes a few minutes.
  • Most non-OA journals allow authors to deposit their postprints in an OA repository.
  • Journals using the Ingelfinger Rule are a shrinking minority.
  • OA enlarges your audience and citation impact.
Read the full article for more details and examples.

(Originally shared on Quick Picks, March 20, 2006.)

Medical Information Day

Tuesday, April 11, 2006, or 4-11, is "Medical Information Day". The observance recognizes the invaluable information and vast range of services medical librarians provide for their institutions and local communities.

Case is very lucky with the availability of medical information available to us through the Cleveland Health Sciences Library consisting of the Allen Memorial Medical Library and the Health Center Library.

(Thank you to ResourceShelf, April 9, 2006, for sharing this information.)

EPIC 2015 - Future of Media

EPIC 2014 has been circulating on the web for some time now. This flash movie really forces someone to think about media and communication well into the future.

Notice there is the old 2014 version that was actually pretty close on some of its early predictions and a newer, improved 2015 version.


HigherEdBlogCon 2006

From April 3-28, 2006, make sure you participate in the HigherEd BlogCon. This brand-new, all-online event aims to bring together in a single Web space many of the leading players who are transforming academe with their use of the new tools of the Social Web. Higher Ed BlogCon 2006 will focus on the use of blogs, wikis, RSS, audio and video podcasts, and other digital tools in a range of areas in academe.

The program tracks appear to have something for everyone interested in using today's newest tools in education:

  • Teaching - April 3-7, 2006
  • Library & info resources - April 10-14, 2006
  • Admissions, alumni relations, and communications & marketing - April 17-21, 2006
  • Websites & web development - April 24-28, 2006.

Thomson Gale Adds Podcast Feeds to Database Resources

Database vendors are starting to recognize the current advantages and future possible growth in podcasting. On November 8, 2005, Thomson Gale announced that several of their database products will now include podcasts.

"With the number of colleges and universities handing out iPods, and the ever-increasing number of students and adults buying these and other MP3 devices, we have the responsibility to provide content to our users in ways that fit into their everyday lifestyle,” said Gordon Macomber, president of Thomson Gale. “Podcasts are now available for a number of premier content sources. It is our goal to find the ones that make sense in a school or library setting, and make them available as a supplement to traditional reference and periodical content."
I hope other information providers also look to add podcasts to indexing services, since their content may be just as valuable as traditional print materials.
Subscribe to the Bibliocasting listserv for more announcements like this.

Figures and Tables Omitted from Online Periodical Articles

Xiaotian Chen wrote Figures and Tables Omitted from Online Periodical Articles: A Comparison of Vendors and Information Missing from Full-Text Databases in Internet Reference Services Quarterly (Volume 10, Issue 2, pages 75-88, 2005). The article compares the manner in which vendors of full-text databases deal with charts, diagrams, figures, and tables that were originally part of the periodical articles in print. The variations between the databases explored was drastic, and the same database accessed through different interfaces could have different text results.

The Case community can access the article from the E-Journal Portal.

Trends from the Entertainment Industry -Translate to Libraries?

Aaron Shaffer brought my attention to a very interesting article, called The Long Tail (Wired Magazine, Issue 12.10, October 2004). Most of us believe that the entertainment industry is driven only by the hits, probably due to all the award shows, rankings, etc. The "long tail" is all of the other albums, songs, movies, and books that account for a super large volume of sales if provided to the public. Examples like Amazon, Rhapsody, NetFlix, and eBay show that people are interested in and will buy the non-#1 materials if the resources are available to see reviews, get recommendations, and have easy access.

I think this article has long reaching consequences on libraries. First, what role does copyright have in the development of future library resources and services? I believe the intentions of copyright, that "Congress shall have the power to promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries" (U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8), is very important. As copyright protection limits are continually increased in length, are will still protecting "progress" or just monetary interests? Someone would argue that economic numbers demonstrate progress, but are we using this measure at the death of future educational, cultural, and scientific discoveries? Just look at the article I shared on the KSL Reference Weblog for an example.

It appears that the "long tail" examples also counteracts the statements by book and journal publishers that open access materials would mean death to their sales. The article showed that increased access, free or very cheap, only boosted sales drastically. As people gained access, they always wanted more and more.

I think in libraries we are seeing a similar fate with Google and other Internet resources. While people are going to Google first for their questions, it results in only more questions and curiosity. The type of questions I see in the library are becoming more complicated in nature and more inquisitive on the user's part.

I think the academic libraries in Ohio have been very lucky with OhioLINK. It has allowed individual libraries more freedom (i.e. money) to maybe focus on what could be considered items that fall into the "long tail." In addition to consortia, libraries need to find the other processes that allow users access to everything and anything. It appears CASE is headed in the right direction with the increasing amount of electronic resources and collections, such as Digital Case.

Digitization of AMNH's Scientific Publications

The American Museum of Natural History Library announced the digitization of the museum's roster of scientific publications. They are freely available and searchable through a DSpace platform.

So far the following publications are available:

  • American Museum Novitates
  • Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History
  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
  • Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History

(Courtesy of the Rowland Institute Library Blog and the American Scientist Open Access Forum)

Libraries Introducing Public to New Technology

Research and Markets issued a report called Best Practices of Public Library Information Technology Directors (February 2005). The report costs 70 Euros, but the summary of key findings is worth the free read.

The report is based on interviews with information technology directors and other critical staff involved in IT decision-making from the Princeton Public Library, Minneapolis Public Library, Evansville Public Library, Santa Monica Public Library, Boston Public Library, Columbus Metropolitan Public Library, San Francisco Public Library, Seattle Public Library, and the Denver Public Library.

New Blog - Physics Information Fluency

Patricia T. Viele, Physics & Astronomy Librarian at Cornell University, has started a new blog, Physics Information Fluency. The goal of her blog is to facilitate the exchange of information and ideas about adding information fluency to physics curriculum.

Bibliocasting Listserv with Archives

From the Theoretical Librarian blog:

The bibliocasting listserv is dedicated to a discussion of streaming media in the library environment. This list grows out of the increasing popularity of "Podcasting," or the use of RSS and the Internet to download audio programs (like audio blogs) to computers and MP3 players.

You can get the listserv in two ways. The first is through e-mail. To subscribe to the list send an e-mail to listserv@listserv.syr.edu with the entire message (no subject line):
subscribe bibliocasting FirstName LastName

We have also set up a podcast for the list...that's right, you can listen to the list. Each post is transformed from text-to-speech, and syndicated using RSS.

The archive is available at http://iis.syr.edu/archive/bibliocasting/.

The Patent Librarian

Michael White has started a new blog, called The Patent Librarian. The blog was started in November and I look forward to watching it grow. One of the neat features is Michael's posts that show just how busy the USPTO is during a given time period. His sidebar of patent links is also a great resource.

Are U.S. Historical Collections in Danger?

The Heritage Health Index, the first comprehensive survey ever to assess the condition and preservation needs of U.S. collections, concludes that immediate action is needed to prevent the loss of millions of irreplaceable artifacts.

Key findings included that 65% of collecting institutions have experienced damage to collections due to improper storage, 80% of U.S. collecting institutions do not have an emergency plan that includes collections, with staff trained to carry it out, and 190 million objects are in need of conservation treatment.
The Heritage Health Index is a project of Heritage Preservation, in partnership with the Institute of Museum and Library Services, a federal agency.

Open Access Citation Information

Researchers at Loughborough University and University of Southampton, with funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), conducted research "to identify a framework for universal citation services for open access (OA) materials, an ideal structure for the collection and distribution of citation information and the main requirements of such services." The research was titled Open Access Citation Information. The aim of the proposal is to increase the exposure of open access materials and their references to indexing services, and to motivate new services by reducing setup costs. The full report is available for reading.

[About JISC]

JISC works with further and higher education by providing strategic guidance, advice and opportunities to use information and communication technology (ICT) to support teaching, learning, research and administration.

Library of Congress & Google Partnership

Did you happen to catch the announcement on November 22, 2005, from the Library of Congress that it is creating a Global Digital Library? Google has already committed the first $3 million towards the project of digitizing significant primary materials of different cultures from institutions across the globe.

The early efforts were started in 2000 with the Global Gateway web site with its first collections from libraries in Russia, Spain, Brazil, the Netherlands and France.

FALSE - Student Questioned by Government over Library Book

Back on December 17, 2005, the SouthCoastToday reported that federal agents visited a UMass Dartmouth student because he requested a copy of Mao Tse-Tung's tome on Communism called "The Little Red Book." The original story stated that the student shared his experience with several professors.

On December 21, 3005, the story was updated with more information. The Department of Homeland Security denied such action for several reasons, such as not having their own agents and that such actions would only be taken by a law being broken, not library usage. The student's story started to change as well as UMass Dartmouth started making statements against the story. For example, he claimed that the library request was placed through a neighboring institution.

The final story was released on December 24, 2005, when the student admitted to making up the entire story. I guess after the story was initially leaked, the popularity drove the student to continue the lies.

PerX, Pilot Engineering Repository Xsearch

The PerX project will develop a pilot service which provides subject resource discovery across a series of repositories of interest to the engineering learning and research communities. This pilot will be used as a test-bed to explore the practical issues that would be encountered when considering the possibility of full scale subject resource discovery services. See About PerX for more information.

So far 2 deliverables have been produced:

As I explore the Repository list in more detail, I will share that information as well.

Acquiring Copyright Permission to Digitize and Provide Open Access to Books

In October 2005, the Council on Library and Information Resources and Digital Library Federation published Acquiring Copyright Permission to Digitize and Provide Open Access to Books. It is available in full text.

[About Council on Library and Information Resources]
CLIR is an independent, nonprofit organization. Through publications, projects, and programs, CLIR works to maintain and improve access to information for generations to come. In partnership with other institutions, CLIR helps create services that expand the concept of "library" and supports the providers and preservers of information.

[About the Digital Library Federation]
DLF initiatives change with needs; as some projects come to fruition or find new support, the DLF invests in others, staying flexible as a catalyst for experiment and change. For example, the DLF has promoted work on the following:

  • Digital library structures, standards, preservation, and use
  • Archives for electronic journals
  • Online collections for use in teaching
  • Internet services that expand access to resources of use to scholars
  • Assessments of the future roles of libraries.

Long-Lived Digital Data Collections: Enabling Research and Education for the 21st Century

In September 2005, the National Science Board published a report called Long-Lived Digital Data Collections: Enabling Research and Education in the 21st Century (NSB-05-40).

[Conclusions from Executive Summary]

The weakness of NSF strategies and policies governing long-lived data collections is that they have been developed incrementally and have not been considered collectively. Given the proliferation of these collections, the complexity of managing them, and their cost, action is imperative. The National Science Board is concerned about the current situation. Prompt and effective action will ensure that researchers and educators derive even higher value from these collections. The communities that create and use the collections will have to be fully engaged in this process. Consensus within the communities will have to inform Foundation policy, investment, and action. The need to address these issues is urgent. The opportunities are substantial.

[About the National Science Board]
The National Science Board is the governing board of the National Science Foundation (NSF), an independent Federal agency established by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 to:
  • promote the progress of science,
  • advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare, and
  • secure the national defense.

The Board is composed of 24 part-time members, appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. They are selected on the basis of their eminence in basic, medical, or social sciences, engineering, agriculture, education, research management or public affairs. The NSF Director serves on the Board, ex officio.

Future of Citation Analysis

Kathleen Bauer and Nisa Bakkalbasi explore and compare a couple new resources that allow citations to be counted, in their article called An Examination of Citation Counts in a New Scholarly Communication Environment (D-Lib Magazine (September 2005, Volume 11, Number 9).

Abstract: Citation analysis is an important tool used to trace scholarly research, measure impact, and justify tenure and funding decisions. Web of Science, which indexes peer-reviewed journal literature, has been the major research database for citation tracking. Changes in scholarly communication, including preprint/postprint servers, technical reports available via the internet, and open access e-journals are developing rapidly, and traditional citation tracking using Web of Science may miss much of this new activity. Two new tools are now available to count citations: Scopus and Google Scholar. This paper presents a case study comparing the citation counts provided by Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar for articles from the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST) published in 1985 and in 2000 using a paired t-test to determine statistical significance. Web of Science provided the largest citation counts for the 1985 articles, although this could not be tested statistically. For JASIST articles published in 2000, Google Scholar provided statistically significant higher citation counts than either Web of Science or Scopus, while there was no significant difference between Web of Science and Scopus. The implications for measuring impact in a changing scholarly communication environment are examined.

Open Letter about Expensive Journals

Theodore Bergstrom (Chair of Economics, University of California - Santa Barbara) and R. Preston McAfee (Professor of Business, Economics & Management, California Institute of Technology) have written an open letter to university presidents and provosts about the increasing prices of journals. They recommend universities charge overhead costs to publishers for the support services of professors used as editors. In addition, they recommend university libraries buy less bundled packages in order to negotiate better prices.

Related to their letter, they have created a web site the list the price per article and price per citation of about 5,000 academic journals. They feel a title is "overpriced" if the weighted index of the cost per article and the cost per citation is more than two and a half times as large as the median index for non-profit journals in the same discipline.

Future of Libraries - Beginning the Great Transformation

Thomas Frey, the Executive Director of the DaVinci Institute, wrote a paper titled The Future of Libraries - Beginning the Great Transformation in which he highlighted ten trends that are affecting the development of the next generation library. He focused on trends that have to do with rapidly changing technologies and equally fast changing mindset of library patrons.

1. Communication systems are continually changing the way people access information.
2. All technology ends. All technologies commonly used today will be replaced by something new.
3. We haven’t yet reached the ultimate small particle for storage. But soon.
4. Search Technology will become increasingly more complicated.
5. Time compression is changing the lifestyle of library patrons.
6. Over time we will be transitioning to a verbal society.
7. The demand for global information is growing exponentially.
8. The Stage is being set for a new era of Global Systems.
9. We are transitioning from a product-based economy to an experience based economy.
10. Libraries will transition from a center of information to a center of culture.

[About Us - DaVinci Institute]
The DaVinci Institute began as the brainchild of Thomas Frey, a seasoned entrepreneur and one of IBM’s most decorated idea laureates. Launched in 1997 as a non-profit futurist think tank, the Institute has emerged as a center of visionary thought, attracting both a national and international following of idea junkies and business leaders alike.

Journal Costs Are Still Rising

Here is another example of libraries not able to keep up with the rising costs of journal subscriptions.

As Costs Rise, Library Cuts Journals
By Resse Rogers
The Daily Pennsylvanian
October 20, 2005

Students combing the stacks at Van Pelt Library may notice they have a little extra breathing room. The library has cut 2,255 journal subscriptions from its 2004-05 holdings, as journal prices have increased faster than the library's budget.

Are libraries adapting to technology?

Libraries: Standing at the Wrong Platform, Waiting for the Wrong Train? (Available in PDF)
By Paul B. Gandel
Educause Review
November/December 2005, Volume 40, Number 6

Libraries have taken some major hits over the past few months, again raising questions about how or whether libraries will survive a constantly shifting information landscape.

The article looks at how some libraries are remaining unchanged, while others are adapting to the internet and technology. It also ponders what role libraries and librarians will play in the future.

Journal Impact Factors - Good & Bad

The Chronicle of Higher Education, on October 14, 2005, published an article called The Number That's Devouring Science. The article points out ways publishers are exploiting the system to increase their visibility, and how the impact factor has become a measure for hiring, tenure, and research grants. The article points out how publishers, because of how the impact factors are measured and used, may be harming scientific research and publication.

Changes in Scientific Academic Libraries

Chemical & Engineering News (October 10, 2005, v.83:11, pp.52-53) highlighted the major issues facing academic chemistry libraries in an article called The 21st-Century Chemistry Library. The developments discussed, such as digital media, usage of storage facilities, competition for space on academic campuses, cost of scientific publications, etc. are issues relevant to all scientific libraries, and libraries in general.

Many of the services and resources discussed in the article are available to the Case community: laptops for circulation within KSL, collections in a storage facility close to campus, electronic journals and books, and an Engineering librarian available in the Case School of Engineering.

Update on Patriot Act & Libraries

On July 15th, the American Libraries, the magazine of the American Library Association, summarized the current congressional action on renewal or changes to the Patriot Act.

In 2.0 We Trust (or Do We?)

On the Library 2.0 blog, Michael Stephens posted a link to an article about trusting wikis and how it can translate to the ALAL2 project. I think Michael makes a good point.

I think people get scared by wikis and other social resources that allow user-created content. If you assume "good faith" in the content, that still leaves the door open to challenge the content when needed. I think too many people assume content is either perfect & reliable or total junk. People have gotten lazy in deciding what is truthful or corresponds with their beliefs. As socially driven applications increase, librarian instruction in finding and judging relevant sources becomes more critical. Instead of downgrading Wikipedia (or others sources) as useless or unreliable, librarians should be teaching users how to better use these types of resources. Users were already doing this long before the technology allowed it on a worldwide basis. How many times do you think patrons have asked their friend that they "trusted" a question rather than approaching the library?