case western reserve university



March 17, 2011

Beimers and Coulton: Journal article on employment and child maltreatment

The journal article, "Do employment and type of exit influence child maltreatment among families leaving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families?" by David Beimers, and Claudia J. Coulton is in-press at "Children and Youth Services Review," and available online as of February 9, 2011.


Research has documented that the transition from Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) can be a critical period that results in elevated stress for families. The present study utilizes administrative data to examine the experiences of families exiting TANF and factors that influence subsequent child maltreatment, with particular focus on type of exit from TANF and earned income from employment.

Families in the study are 18,023 female-headed households from an urban Ohio county who exited TANF between January 1, 1999 and December 31, 2002. Of these families, 894 (4.96%) experienced an indicated or substantiated finding of maltreatment within two years of their initial exit from TANF.

Cox proportional hazard models identified several significant predictors of child maltreatment. Findings indicate that families with an involuntary exit from TANF were at increased risk of a substantiated or indicated finding of maltreatment while families with higher earnings from employment were at a reduced risk of maltreatment.

Prof. Beimers's dissertation on this topic can be found here.

His substantial number of other articles while a Pd.D. student at the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences (MSASS) and the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development and at The Center for Evidence-Based Practices (EBPs) are listed at the link above, while presentations are listed here.