Affirmative Action vs. Equal Opportunity Employment
While Affirmative Action (AA) and Equal Opportunity Employment (EOE) have similar goals, they use very different methods, and have very different results.
Both AA and EOE are aimed at equality in the workplace and in colleges, but they achieve this in different ways. EOE merely prevents an employer from discriminating against hiring a possible employee because of race, sex, age, or handicap. AA, however, attempts to establish equality in the workplace by directly controlling the number of minorities and other discrimants in the workplace. For example, a business may hire so that its workforce is 40% caucasion, 30% black, 20% latino, and 10% miscellaneous.
While both aim for the same result, I think EOE is a fair method, while AA is not. An employee should be hired based solely on their abilities and skills pertinant to the job, and race, gender, age, and handicap should not be taken into account (unless the job description specifies otherwise). AA attempts to achieve equality in an unfair way. If two candidates apply for the same job, and one is more qualified, but the other better fits the racial requirement in order to achieve the desired equality, the less capable applicant will get the job, which is unfair.