October 03, 2012
2012 Ohio Library Council Mohican Conference
Technical Services Librarians Conference
Oct. 2-3, 2012
Mohican State Park
"Transformative Change: Why the Status Quo Has Got To Go"
Brad Eden, Director, Valparaiso University
outsource copy cataloging
redefining the academic library -- 2011 report
west initiative -- academics in west. move for repositories
focus on unique material/resources
move to open access
copyrights and author rights
digitized local collections
"ahead of the storm: research libraries and the future of the research university"
"libraries and learning a history of paradigm change"
"damn the recession full speed ahead." Rush Miller
"from stacks to the web the transformation of academic library collecting." David W. Lewis
-- checking in serials -- wasted money. most stuff is electronic. should be no binding budgets.
-- stop local customization of bibliographic records
-- stop having full records. how much description is enough? Most just need to be discovered.
-- focus on digitization, special collections. get access to digital information.
-- eliminate catalog backlogs
-- redeploy tech services staff from print to electronic. train for --archival, special collections material
"are you satisfied" Library Journal ILS survey 2012. april 1, 2012. p. 45
koha, evergreen, Kuali OLE -- open source ILS
we should not be using proprietary ILSs anymore
"what libraries should be: a values proposition"
Need, according to Brad Eden:
- non-MARC metadata experts
- big data experts
- digital humanities partners
- project management experts
Latest Developments and Implementation Strategies for RDA
Jay Weitz and Linda Gabel
RDA (retirement day arrives)
explaining the logic behind RDA is critical. explain FRBR
phased integration is inevitable, despite March 31 2013 cut-off.
positives of RDA include taking what you see, having fuller info in authority records
need more guidance on what access points are necessary for different types of manifestation/item
LC RDA site: http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda/
LC training material: http://www.loc.gov/catworkshop/RDA%20training%20materials/LC%20RDA%20Training/LC%20RDA%20course%20table.html
RDA in MARC, June 202: http://www.loc.gov/marc/RDAinMARC-7-12.html
336-338. idea is to make this accessible to linked data. Patrons will not see the language in these tags. Idea is that your local system will interpret these as icons to the end-user.
We should ask vendors how they're going to support this.
264 field. Replace 260?
gmd's to be retained for a certain amount of time (2 years?) after March 2013
Magda El-Sherbini, OSU
attended many presentations and webinars on FRBR
did the same regarding RDA
what they learned:
rda organized not by formats, but by frad and ...
do NOT read entire documentation. Read specific parts that are applicable.
Toolkit documentation changes, so consult it periodically; don't memorize it
testing done with catalogers from special collections, music, AV, serials, etc.
implemented RDA fully in February 2012.
created a lost of all local policies -- [what were they?]. E.g. rule of 3, capitalization.
worked with cataloging process, policy, and training committee
start with FRBR -- RDA chapters are aligned with FRBR entities and user tasks
understand differences b/n RDA and AACR2 -- see Adam Schiff. http://faculty.washington.edu/aschiff/
know RDA instructions
understand structure of online toolkit
planing training for all catalogers
create catalog documentations
divide training groups b/n copy and original catalogers
target dates for training sessions. 3 classes, one a week (3 weeks)
Miriam Kahn. Print and Digital Preservation
responsibility of long-term digital preservation falls to tech services and preservation dept.
digitization for access and long-term surrogate
"Preservation Technologies" -- company for outsourcing digitization. http://www.ptlp.com
"collection services" -- combines tech services and collection development
June 08, 2012
Digital Humanities Summer Institute -- Day 5
Digital Humanities Summer Institute (DHSI). Day 5. June 8, 2012
Brooke Lestock and Sarah Storti, "The Praxis Program and Prism: Rethinking Graduate Training in a Digital Age"; Daniel Powell, Alyssa Arbuckle, Alyssa McLeod and Shaun MacPherson, "Digital Humanities and the Alt-Ac 'Track': Views from the Grad School Trenches"; Robin Wharton, "How to Make a Digital Humanist"
B. Lestock and S. Storti. “The Praxis Program and Prism”
• http://praxis.scholarslab.org/ . Out of Univ. of Virginia. Selected graduate students are designing and building Prism, a new tool for "crowd-sourcing" textual analysis, visualization, and humanities interpretation. Goal is not just to transcribe, but interpret.
• e.g. James Joyce. Select text, determine modernism and realism, with visualization tools.
• Produce visualization for interpretations.
Christopher Church and Scott McGinnis: "Computing, the Practice of History, and the Digital Humanities at UC Berkeley"
Graduate students in the history department
• Graduate-led DH initiatives. DH Coordinator position created, a graduate student position. Connect to already existing resources on campus. Offer training opportunities for history graduate students. Moderate online collaborative student environment. Online resources NOT accessible by faculty. Workshops offered on databases for historians, Gephi, Piazza (https://piazza.com/), Technology in the archive.
• Challenges and solutions. Historians resistant at first to idea of TEI workshop. Solution was to be vocal via talking to people. Solution was also to be provocative – at one presentation, speaker showed what traditional historians were missing in not understanding DH and technology in the archive. Graduate students doing DH alongside traditional work (for now).
• Advice. Create core group among graduate students devoted to DH. Get feedback. Conect to what already exists. Identify faculty allies. Propose and implement a plan. And, lastly, continue meeting
Alyssa McLeod and Shaun MacPherson, "Digital Humanities and the Alt-Ac 'Track': Views from the Grad School Trenches"
Training for other jobs is not happening as it should. Tenure-track jobs in DH scarce.
“Training for jobs that aren’t there.”
Advocate re-vising and re-envisioning research methodology courses.
“Where do we want to go?” One possibility listed is library. Quote reads “Not that we want to steal your jobs. We love you guys. Really.”
E.g.’s King’s College (London), Ryerson University’s program in the Literature of Modernity, or Ooligan Press at Portland Press (http://ooligan.pdx.edu/)
DH in Libraries – afternoon session
• Reviews of apps and how faculty could use particular aps
• Digital initiatives programs – to work with faculty on metadata
• SUNY Geneseo. Communication with libraries for what DH can do. Projects include helping faculty find publishers for work
• Librarian from ??. Built “digital toolkit” page on library website, including Omeka, creating templates for projects faculty might benefit from (e.g. web exhibits)
• Digital libraries tech services divisions.
• Project management initiatives in libraries. Consulting service. Working on relationship between IT and Library.
• Brown-bag luncheons to educate faculty. KICK scanner, TEI discussions, library website has “DH Projects” page.
• Digital scholarship brownbags. Also have annual “parties” celebrating faculty publications, DH projects
• “Center for Humanist Inquiry” focuses on grants.
• Database of project plans that failed as well as were successful. See Cornell University site, which has this.
• “Digitization Days” – one-day conference on faculty projects, which included librarians participating.
• Digital Librarians Initiative – group of librarians who came together. Became a strategic objective
• University of British Columbia. “Digital Initiatives Unit” within library.
• Annual award granted by library for digital humanities projects. Along with “Scholarly Publications Unit” to advocate the legitimacy of DH projects for tenure and review
• Open-access issue. Many faculty resistant. Library did an exhibit on this, and attitudes changed.
• Geneseo – publish with open journal systems. Peggy Pritchard came and gave a talk about this. Print-on-demand system. Amazon Create Space to buy. This is a way to get around the “open-access” stigma.
• To start a digital humanities initiative in the library – how to do it.
o Get those already on campus together to get process going (IT, librarians, etc.)
o Take into account size of staff, funds, expertise
o Criteria to present to faculty
June 07, 2012
Digital Humanities Summer Institute -- Day 4
Digital Humanities Summer Institute Day 4 (June 7, 2012)
Lauren Burr, "House of Leaves, House of Lexia"; Andy Keenan, "Gamification: Exploring the Debate within Game Design"; Amanda Visconti, "Choose Your Own Edition: Digital Pedagogy, Game Studies, and Editing Theory"
Lauren Burr, "House of Leaves, House of Lexia"
StoryTrek Authorware. Based on walking treks, rather than exact location. Corresponds with various motion patterns. Allows for narratives to be composed.
Stories with geophysical space.
Amanda Visconti, "Choose Your Own Edition: Digital Pedagogy, Game Studies, and Editing Theory
Cross-disciplinary between humanities, sciences, social sciences
http://canopycanopycanopy.com/ This web site involves no scrolling; read like a monograph
http://www.manorhousequarterly.com/ Literary journal with visual arts. Digital exhibition space. Allows critique by proximity. How can curation preform critical analysis?
DH Session on careers in DH, humanities in general:
Some schools require internships for humanities graduate students in libraries as part of their studies
Mary Borgo, "Voyeur-istically Viewing Middlemarch: Visualization Tools and Traditional Literary Scholarship"; Paul Faber, "'A Thousand Tawngling Instruments': Digital Humanities and the Study of Song"; Mary Galvin, "The Materiality of the Digital"; Gabriel Hankins, "Mapping the Modern Republic of Letters: Modeling Correspondence Networks with Omeka/Neatline"; Alison Hedley, "Visualizing Subjectivity: A Failed Map of Victorian Maternal Mobility"; Rob Imes, "Mapping Early Modern Travel Compilations: Merging Cartography, Travelogues, and GIS"; Sarah Koning, "Historical Gentrification?: The Example of 19th-Century Mexico City"; Ross Woods, "Mapping Madrid: Digital Humanities as Literary Criticism"
P. Faber. “Digital Humanities and Study of Song”
English Renaissance. Broadside ballads
use of “Note Taker”
G. Hankins, Clemson
Modeling Correspondence Networks with Omeka/Neatline
http://neatline.wordpress.com/. Visualization tool out of Univ. of Virginia.
see Wordsworth’s own travels in regards to The Prelude, for example
tie arguments over historical maps. E.g. Maps out Virginia Woolf’s correspondences. See historical maps of London layered onto visualization.
R. Imes, Mapping Early Modern Travel Compilations: Merging Cartography, Travelogues, and GIS
1606 book, collection of maps of Europe, cities. 1579 1st edition.
Special humanities studies. GIS allows for assisting with historical inquiries.
http://spatial.scholarslab.org/ Spatial Humanities web site, complete with history, projects, how-to, and Q and A
http://www.historypin.com/ “Pin Your History to the World”
Ross Woods, “DH as Literary Criticism”
Literary maps as a critical tool in themselves
“readerly” literary maps
June 06, 2012
Digital Humanities Summer Institute -- Day 3
Digital Humanities Summer Institute (DHSI). Day 3. June 6, 2012
Almond Aguila, "The Pedagogy of Facebook"; Kathi Inman Berens, "Failure is Frictive: Coding and Pedagogy"; Eugenie Duthoit, "Re-thinking the Use of Digital Tools to Assist the Pedagogical Translation from Latin"; Chris Friend, "Bringing Technology to Student Writing: How DH Practices Can Enhance Composition Pedagogy"; Peggy Jubien, "Opening the Black Box of Mobile Technology"
Pedagogy of Facebook
What designers of technology should be paying attention to.
Looking at patterns on facebook.
“Failure is Fictive”
includes lessons on Photoshop, social media, video, code, etc.
“learn to code” ubiquitous
Failures: time constraints, etc.
C. Friend, University of Central Florida
“Bringing Technology to Student Writing.”
Markup to focus on ideas. Markup other sources
Show students how to highlight other people’s ideas in their writing, and to markup times in which secondary sources cite other sources.
Teach students how to turn their references into hyperlinks. Many word processing programs can do this.
Geotagging. Students know “iphoto” and “notes” apps. They know how to tag with iphoto. Goal is to show how to do this with notes.
Layer student texts. Start with content. Add metadata – about the assignment, for example. Then, make connections with their texts. This can all fit with DOCX (or PDF)
Orhan Elmaz, "How and Why to Create a Frequency Dictionary of Media Arabic"; Christopher Laxer, "Designing a Literary Labels Database"; Mike Nutt and Markus West, "Omeka and MicroTiles: Building Library Exhibits for Enormous Displays"; Charles Shirley, "Can Putting Troilus and Criseyde into a Database Aid Critical Study?"; PANEL of Tara Thomson, J. Matthew Haculak, Katie Tanigawa and Stephen Ross, "The Modernist Versions Project"
Mike Nutt and Markus West, James B. Hunt Library at North Carolina State University
“Omeka and MicroTiles: Building Library Exhibits for Enormous Displays”
New library will be open in early 2013. Focus on collaborative learning spaces. Books take a bit of a back seat
Vision of the library to serve a competitive advantage. Provide technologies to faculty and students. Will have pixel walls, 4 large video walls spread throughout the library, MicroTiles. You see MicroTiles on The Colbert Report, for example.
Collaboration with computer science department. Adviced gaming for shared experiences.
Interdisciplinary Environment. Collaboration between library, humanities, social sciences, engineering, hard sciences.
New forms of scholarly communication. Ideas:
Reinventing the research poster via
Faculty and students promote research to their campus community and larger web audience via
• exhibit tools (e.g. Omeka)
• on-demand exhibits
• data visualizations
• scholars curate and manage their own exhibits
Library is looking into Omeka.
• Still defining technology stack
• Working on workflows, forming faculty partnerships, vetting content ideas
"Can Putting Troilus and Criseyde into a Database Aid Critical Study?"
structure invites comparing books, speakers, hearings
approx.. 8,000 lines in 5 books (65,625 words)
About the database:
Platform: SQLite, with Python as interaction tool
• Words, lemmas, parts of speech
• Tag to unite spellings, grammatical terms
Words in aggregate: simply counting
SQL has speaker, hearer, and total word count
Questions: why does Criseyde speak 75% more words than T.? Why does Troilus speak 29% words to self? Why does d. speak 40% as manywords to Criseyde in one book as Troilus in the wholepoem?
Gets at issues of masculinity
Collocation: Based on:
• Include/exclude specific words or tags
• Include/excludespecific speakers/hearers
• Choose location in line, stanza, etc.
Plot collocations graphically. E.g. 30 strongest instances within 5-word span
E.g. Key word in context (KWIC) god-love collocation
Triple collocations: “love” within word pairs, such as “god-servant”, “god-dear,” etc.
Word frequencies and significance. E.g. Troilus says “alas” in each of 5 books, but most in a particular book.
Keywords in context – quantitative.
Main value of this work is to create a viewpoint through structures and data.
June 05, 2012
Digital Humanities Summer Institute Day 2
TEI Guidelines and Conflicting Hierarchies in an 8th Century Illuminated Manuscript; Paige Morgan, "Visible Prices: Digital Humanities at the Intersection of Literature and Economics"; James O'Sullivan, "Digitally Annotating the Bibliographic Code"; Charles Pence, "Software Demo: RLetters"; Rob Voigt, "Unmasking the Translator: The Example of Yu Hua's 'To Live'"
16th century invention of chapters and verses
Book of Kells. Eusebian Canon Table.
St, John Gospels. TEI project.
Database in biological sciences
Sort by journal articles, pub dates, authors. Advance search, search by relevance, etc.
Text search – fuzzy or exact. Same for author, title
“create dataset from search”
e.g. “natural selection” dataset from Journal of Nature. From this, new analysis tasks can be generated.
“plot dataset by date”. Documents plotted by year to show when the phrase came up. Download in csv format
Put documents in dataset via WorldCat, publishers, etc.
Visualization tool to show terms and phrases over timeline, cross-referenced with important dates in biological sciences
To do all this, need Solar server backend. Flat database. Written in Ruby. Text-analysis tasks work as plug-ins. Solar doesn’t work so well with books, better with articles
Paige Morgan. Univ. of Washington.
Working with texts in Google Books and the like
Literary and historical texts side-by-side.
How had different authors used numerical prices within their novels?
What nuances of texts were we missing?
Database – focus on prices in a certain year.
Timeline, table, list, map
Need for MySQL relational databases.
O’Sullivan. Univ. of College Cork, Ireland
Digitally Annotating the Bibliographic Code
Cantwell Collection – annotating
Application will present the collection, allow for annotation. Click on sections of page images and annotate them. He digitized the page images. The tool allows use to circle parts of page image and annotate them
Gord Barentsen, "Coding Digital Texts in TEI-Compliant XML, Case Study: The Folger Library Edition of Troilus and Cressida"; Constance Crompton, Daniel Powell and Ray Siemens, "The Devonshire Manuscript Defused: Modeling the Social Edition"; Jon Detombe, "Digitizing and Deciphering the Courten MS"; Elias Fahssi, "Working with Patience: Textual Editing, Digital Humanities, and Undergraduate Research"; Linnet Humble, "eBook Production at Canadian UPs: Problems and Possible Solutions"; Anna Gibbs and Maria Angel, "Digital Writing and the Literary Ethos"; Jeffrey Witt, "Rethinking the Critical Edition: The 'Editio Critica Electronica' of Petrus Plaoul"
C. Crompton, UVic; D. Powell, UVic
“The Devonshire Manuscript”
transparent editing as well
E. Fahssi, Mount Royal Univ., Calgary
“Working with Patience: Textual Editing, Digital Humanities, and Undergraduate Research
Cotton Nero A.x. Project. http://gawain-ms.ca
eBook Production at Canadian Ups”
history of outsourcing ebook production.
Reasons to outsource:
• Extension of freelance business model
• Low risk/commitment in questionable market
• Subsidized by conversion partners
1998-2005. Content aggregators. Ebook format was HTML
2005-2008. Gibson Publishing Connections. Ebook format was PDF
Code Manager – purpose is (was) to create and convert electronic files. Created “enhanced” PDFs
2009-2011. Assoc. of Canadian Publishers. Ebook format was ePDF, XML, EPUB
e.g. errors found., including: cover images stretched; books given wrong ISBNs, etc.
PDF Errors (e.g. wrong or missing chapter headers) and EPUB Errors (e.g. images not scalable, tables appear as text, odd line breaks)
UBC Press: Error Statistics
53% failure rate (on second proofing)
Why did these errors occur? Enoding process was automated. Publishers wrote their own scripts. Large files converted, but poor quality-control. Also, one-size-fits-all approach, meaning books forced into structures that were not appropriate to them.
Outsourcing low-cost, but due to poor quality, much work had to be re-done, or proofed by recipients
Argument is for in-house encoding.
Advantages of TEI-first workflow:
• Better tagged content
• TEI encoding an extension of typecoding system used at Ups (e.g. publishers sometimes remove embedded images)
• If publishers had TEI texts, they would have much better data with which to work
• TEI – InDesign and TEI – EPUB export options
June 04, 2012
Digital Humanities Summer Institute
Digital Humanities Summer Institute (DHSI). Day 1. June 4, 2012
Laura Mandell, Director, Initiative for Digital Humanities, Texas A&M
“Does It Work: Where Theory and Technology Collude, or the disciplinary machine”
References Lisa Spiro.
"advocating that the liberal arts are essential bc teaches critical thinking has not worked / will continue not to work"
Focus on where digital humanities are
Austen, “A Plea for Excuses” – essay.
Notion of breakage.
Text-focused digital humanities
Example of Texas A&M. Funding strong for digital humanities. Center to work in co-teaching with faculty.
Cf. King’s College.
“strategic reallocation plan” at Texas A&M. Profs. Asked to compete for this as a means to envision re-structuring.
Alan Lui’s 2012 article in “Arts and Humanities…” : text-based dig hum to save humanities (not his words).
Ref. to Scientific Revolutions
Ref. to Roland Barthes’ Death of the Author. Criticizes those who invoke the author as a means to give final interpretation
Mandell: "what could be more important than studying the past that shapes our current lives?"
Excessive disciplinary is always a problem, according to L.M.
e.g. TEI encoding. Semantic mark-up system. TEI not concerned with what texts look like. HTML is the alehouse of TEI. With XSLT, you pull information from TEI that goes beyond HTML-appearance. References an example of one of her TEI texts.
Alan Lui – “Transcendental Data” Critical Inquiry 31:1 (Autumn 2004): 49-84.
“tag-abuse” argues for the necessity of human intervention (goes beyond bibliographic data, MARC).
“look for what works by looking for what’s broken”
January 19, 2012
TEI Manuscript Project
WRHS MANUSCRIPT PROJECT
Dublin Core (DC) and MODS Templates:
Dublin Core Examples:
• Whittlesey, Charles W. Early history of Cleveland, Ohio, including papers and other matter relating to the adjacent country. AVAILABLE ON GOOGLE BOOKS
• The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History: http://ech.cwru.edu/
• Whittlesey, Charles W. Early history of Cleveland, Ohio, including papers and other matter relating to the adjacent country. AVAILABLE ON GOOGLE BOOKS
• Library of Congress Subject Headings
• Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN)